EJE, vol. 95 (1998), issue 1
Hypertrehalosaemic insect peptide periplanetin CC-2 and its analogues: Synthesis and biological evaluation
MICHALIK J., SZOLAJSKA E., LOMBARSKA-SLIWINSKA D., ROSINSKI G., KONOPINSKA D.
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (1): 1-7, 1998
The effects of hypertrehalosaemic octapeptides (peptides from AKH family) on transcription and trehalosegenesis in the fat body of adult females of Tenebrio molitor L. were examined. A synthetic hypertrehalosaemic peptide from CC of Periplaneta americana periplanetin CC-2 (Pea-CAH-II) Glp-Leu-Thr-Phe-Thr-Pro-Asn-Trp-amide (1), its new synthetic analogues Glp-Leu-Thr-Phe-Thr-Pro-Asn-Phe-amide (2), Glp-Leu-Thr-Phe-Thr-Pro-Asn-D-Trp-amide (3), Glp-Leu-Thr-Phe-Thr-Pro-Asn-D-Phe-amide (4), and an octapeptide from T. molitor Glp-Leu-Asn-Phe-Ser-Pro-Asn-Trp-amide (Tem-HrTH) (5) were tested. Peptides 2, 3 and 5 suppress transcription in...
Book Review: Natural History and Evolution of Paper-Wasps.
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (1): 8, 1998
Turilazzi S. & West-Eberhard M.J. (eds): Natural History and Evolution of Paper-Wasps. Oxford University Press, Oxford, New York, Tokyo, 1996, 400 pp.
Structure-activity relationships of insect neuropeptides of the pyrokinin/PBAN family and selective action on pupariation in fleshfly (Neobelleria bullata) larvae (Diptera: Sarcophagidae)
ZDAREK J., NACHMAN R.J., HAYES T.K.
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (1): 9-16, 1998
Screening for puparium formation accelerating activity of neuropeptides and/or analogues belonging to 14 different peptide families revealed the strong activity of members and analogues of the pyrokinin/PBAN (pheromone biosynthesis activating neurohormone) family that all share the common C-terminal sequence, FXPRLamide (X = V, T, S, or G). Both pupariation behaviour and cuticular tanning can be accelerated by a C-terminal pentapeptide fragment composed of only the FTPRLamide sequence. Truncation of the C-terminal sequence to the tetrapeptide TPRLa did not diminish either aspect of the activity. Markedly reduced, but still significant, activity was...
Autosomal recessive mutations affecting body colour in Pyrrhocoris apterus (Hemiptera: Pyrrhocoridae)
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (1): 17-26, 1998
Genetic characteristics of the first three mutants found in P. apterus L.; white (w/w) 1965, yellow (y/y) 1966 and melanotic (m/m) 1973 have been described in detail. Exact Mendelian proportions of 1 : 1 and 3 : 1 in all standard test crosses and absence of sexual linkage revealed that each of these mutations was inherited as a single autosomal recessive gene. The dihybrid and trihybrid crosses showed that the w gene is epistatic over y. The absence of linkage shows that each of the described mutant genes is situated on a different chromosome. During 30 years of sustained...
Book Review: Poluzhestkokrylye Nasekomye (Heteroptera) Sibiri.
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (1): 26, 1998
Vinokurov N.N. & Kanyukova E.V.: Poluzhestkokrylye Nasekomye (Heteroptera) Sibiri (Heteroptera of Siberia). Nauka Novosibirsk, 1995, 238 pp. (in Russian).
Genetic variation among European populations of Bombus pascuorum (Hymenoptera: Apidae) from mitochondrial DNA sequence data
PIROUNAKIS K., KOULIANOS S., SCHMID-HEMPEL P.
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (1): 27-33, 1998
Taxonomists have described chromatic and morphological variation for a number of European bumble bee species, although molecular studies have so far failed to find significant differentiation. We investigated the genetic variation of Bombus pascuorum from 13 locations by sequencing a fragment of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene. We find considerably more variation than in published COII sequences for B. terrestris. The DNA sequences from these bees suggest that a difference exists between areas north and south of the Alps, and that the bees within these two areas are very similar over large areas. Therefore, mitochondrial cytochrome...
Book Review: The Insect Ovary. Ultrastructure, Previtellogenic Growth and Evolution.
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (1): 34, 1998
Büning J.: The Insect Ovary. Ultrastructure, Previtellogenic Growth and Evolution. Chapman & Hall, London, etc., 1994, x + 400 pp., illustr.
Further evidence of oviposition-deterring allomone in chrysopids (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae)
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (1): 35-39, 1998
Females of species predatory as adults, Chrysopa commata Kis & Ujhelyi, C. oculata Say and C. perla (L.), and also species not predatory as adults, Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens), laid more eggs on clean substrates, than on those exposed previously to conspecific or heterospecific first-instar larvae. Substrates contaminated with oviposition-deterring allomones (ODAs) deterred females of C. oculata most. On the average the deterrent effects of substrates contaminated by larvae of C. oculata or C. perla were greater than those contaminated by C. carnea or C. commata. Results indicate...
Book Review: Phylogenetic Perspectives in Immunity: The Insect Host Defense.
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (1): 39-40, 1998
Hoffmann J.A., Janeway C.A., Jr. & Natori S. (eds): Phylogenetic Perspectives in Immunity: The Insect Host Defense. R.G. Landes Company, Austin, USA, 1994, 197 pp.
Colonization of ecological islands: Galling aphid populations (Sternorrhyncha: Aphidoidea: Pemphigidae) on recovering Pistacia trees after destruction by fire
WOOL D., INBAR M.
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (1): 41-53, 1998
Pistacia palaestina (Anacardiaceae) is a common tree in the natural forest of Mt. Carmel, Israel, and the primary host of five common species of gall-forming aphids (Sternorrhyncha: Aphidoidea: Pemphigidae: Fordinae).
After a forest fire, resprouting P. palaestina trees, which are colonized by migrants from outside the burned area, become \"ecological islands\" for host-specific herbivores.
A portion of the Carmel National Park was destroyed by fire in September of 1989. The same winter, thirty-nine resprouting trees that formed green islands in the otherwise barren environment were identified and marked. Tree growth was extraordinarily...
Book Review: Zentral- und Westpaläarktische Borken- und Kernkäfer (Coleoptera: Scolytidae, Platypodidae).
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (1): 53-54, 1998
Pfeffer A.: Zentral- und Westpaläarktische Borken- und Kernkäfer (Coleoptera: Scolytidae, Platypodidae). Pro Entomologia, c/o Naturhistorisches Museum, Basel, 1995, 310 pp.
Larval performance on and oviposition preference for known and potential hosts by Lobesia botrana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae)
STAVRIDIS D.G., SAVOPOULOU-SOULTANI M.
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (1): 55-63, 1998
Ex ovo larvae of Lobesia botrana were reared on flowers and fruits of known and potential host plants. both in the laboratory and in the field. Development rates indicated a wide range of host suitability. In the laboratory, larvae of L. botrana had higher survivorship and shorter development time when reared on Vitis vinifera, Prunus persica (nectarina), Taraxacum officinale or Prunus domestica than when reared on Malus pumila, Pyrus amygdaliformis, Prunus armeniaca, Prunus cerasus, Syringa vulgaris or Papaver rhoeas. Similar results were obtained in...
Book Review: Three recent volumes on insects in the Zoological Catalogue of Australia.
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (1): 63-64, 1998
Cassis G. & Gordon G. 1995: Hemiptera: Heteroptera (Coleorrhyncha to Cimicomorpha). In Houston W.W.K. & Maynard G.V. (eds): Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 27.3A. CSIRO Melbourne, xv + 506 pp.
Wells A. 1996 (ed.): Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 26. Psocoptera, Phthiraptera, Thysanoptera. CSIRO, Melbourne, xiii + 418 pp.
Wells A. 1996 (ed.): Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 28. Neuroptera, Strepsiptera, Mecoptera, Siphonaptera. CSIRO Melbourne, xii + 230 pp.
Descriptions of bamboo-inhabiting larvae and puparia of Oriental soldier flies Ptecticus brunettii and P. flavifemoratus (Diptera: Stratiomyidae: Sarginae) with observations on their biology
ROZKOSNY R., KOVAC D.
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (1): 65-86, 1998
The first detailed description of larvae of Ptecticus Loew is presented for P. brunettii and P. flavifemoratus from West Malaysia. There are pronounced morphological and behavioural differences between the last larval instar, inside whose cast cuticle the pupa remains, and earlier instars. The larval mouthparts are similar to those of other known Stratiomyidae larvae but may display a set of autapomorphic characters. The structure of the mandibular-maxillary complex suggests that larvae of Ptecticus are micropantophagous scavengers that feed chiefly upon microorganisms. The larvae of both species are associated with decaying...
Book Review: The Ecology of Agricultural Pests. Biochemical Approaches.
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (1): 86, 1998
Symondson W.O.C. & Liddell J.E. (eds): The Ecology of Agricultural Pests. Biochemical Approaches. Chapman & Hall, London, 1996, xiv + 517 pp.
A redefinition of Blissia with description of a new species from northwestern Canada (Collembola: Isotomidae)
FJELLBERG A., POTAPOV M.B.
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (1): 87-91, 1998
The formerly monotypic genus Blissia is given a wider definition, in order to include a second new species, Blissia robusta, from the Ogilvie Mts, Yukon Territory, northwestern Canada. Some additional characters separating the genera Blissia and Tetracanthella are described.
Book Review: Revision of the Australian Flat Bugs of the Subfamily Mezirinae (Insecta: Hemiptera: Aradidae).
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (1): 91, 1998
Monteith G.B.: Revision of the Australian Flat Bugs of the Subfamily Mezirinae (Insecta: Hemiptera: Aradidae). Mem. Queensland Mus. 41(1), 1997: 1-169.
Book Review: Ecology of Coccinellidae.
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (1): 92, 1998
Hodek I. & Honek A.: Ecology of Coccinellidae. Kluwer, Dordrecht, 1996, xvi + 464 pp.
A revision of Euchilofulvius (Heteroptera: Miridae: Cylapinae)
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (1): 93-98, 1998
The Oriental genus Euchilofulvius Poppius is revised. New data concerning Euchilofulvius tibialis Poppius, the first description of the male and pictures of parameres are given. Two new species are described and illustrated: Euchilofulvius heissi and E. zdzislawi. A key to the species and a brief discussion on the systematic position of the genus are also provided.
Review of Oriental and some Palaearctic species of the genus Endomia (Coleoptera: Anthicidae)
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (1): 99-131, 1998
A total of 18 Palaearctic and Oriental species of Endomia are treated. Two of them are described as new: Endomia rameshi sp. n. (South India) and Endomia gracilis sp. n. (South Vietnam). A new synonymy Endomia arabica Pic, 1913 (= Endomia longicornis Pic & Hawkins, 1955, syn. n.) is proposed. Lectotypes are designated for the following seven species: E. indica (Laferté, 1848); E. euphratica Krekich-Strassoldo, 1926; E. nana Krekich-Strassoldo, 1926; E. gratiosa Krekich-Strassoldo, 1926; E. lumulata Krekich-Strassoldo, 1926; E. baeri (Pic, 1902); E. malayana (Pic,...
Book Review: Veterinary Entomology. Arthropod Parasites of Veterinary Importance.
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (1): 132, 1998
Wall R. & Shearer D.: Veterinary Entomology. Arthropod Parasites of Veterinary Importance. Chapman & Hall, London, 1997, xvi + 439 pp.
A new species of Fianoniella (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) from the Columbretes Islands (Spain), with additional notes on F. laeviscutum
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (1): 133-140, 1998
Fianoniella stenognatha sp. n. from the Columbretes Islands (Castellón, Spain) is described and illustrated. The new species is distinguished by its longer and narrower mandibles with parallel or divergent rims in the apical half, wider clypeus, hind ocelli more separated and closer to the eyes, and longer flagellar segments. Additional notes to complete the original description of the closest species, F. laeviscutum (Horstmann), are given. A key to the European species of Fianoniella is provided.
Book Review: The Economic Importance of Insects.
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (1): 140, 1998
Hill D.S.: The Economic Importance of Insects. Chapman & Hall, London, 1996, x + 395 pp.
Taxonomic limits, phylogeny and higher classification of Anthomyzidae (Diptera), with special regard to fossil record
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (1): 141-177, 1998
Taxonomic limits of the family Anthomyzidae are prescribed. Two fossil genera are affirmed, viz. Protanthomyza Hennig, 1965 (Baltic amber) and Grimalantha gen. n. (type species: G. vulnerata sp. n.) described from Dominican amber. Fourteen extant genera are recognized, including Chamaebosca Speiser, 1903 (= Penquistus Kieffer, 1906 syn. n.) and Apterosepsis Richards, 1962. New diagnoses of the latter two genera and redescriptions of their type species are given and their relationships are discussed. Chamaebosca cursor (Kieffer, 1906) becomes a new combination. The monotypic genus Echidnocephalodes Sabrosky,...
Book Review: Canopy Arthropods.
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (1): 178, 1998
Stork N.E., Adis J. & Didham R.K. (eds): Canopy Arthropods. The Natural History Museum and Chapman & Hall, London, 1997, 567 pp., hardcover.
Phoridae (Diptera) parasitizing Coccinella septempunctata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) select older prepupal hosts
HURST G.D.D., MCMEECHAN F.K., MAJERUS M.E.N.
Eur. J. Entomol. 95 (1): 179-181, 1998
Phorids parasitizing Coccinella septempunctata, the seven spot ladybird, attend host prepupae and parasitize them at the point of ecdysis to the pupal stage. In this system, oviposition rates would be maximized through the choice of older pre-pupal hosts in preference to young ones. Field study revealed that old pre-pupal hosts were indeed more likely to be attended by phorids than young pre-pupae. We tested the hypothesis that this was due to a preference by simultaneously offering phorids an old and a young prepupal host in a choice test. The results suggest that phorids do indeed distinguish between host prepupae on the basis of age, choosing...