Eur. J. Entomol. 113: 469-475, 2016 | 10.14411/eje.2016.061

Trophic induction of diapause in native and invasive populations of Harmonia axyridis (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae)

Antonina A. OVCHINNIKOVA1, Andrey N. OVCHINNIKOV1, Margarita Yu. DOLGOVSKAYA1, Sergey Ya. REZNIK1, Natalia A. BELYAKOVA2
1 Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, 199034 St. Petersburg, Russia; e-mails: enoty@mail.ru, anovchi@gmail.com, bcongroup@gmail.com, reznik1952@mail.ru
2 All-Russian Institute of Plant Protection, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushkin, 196608, St. Petersburg, Russia; e-mail: belyakovana@yandex.ru

Ovipositing females from invasive (Krasnodar Territory of Russia) and native (Far East of Russia) populations of Harmonia axyridis were fed one of a set of diets ranging from 50 Myzus persicae aphids every day to 1 aphid every 10 days and all were also provided with a 10% sugar solution. The experiment was conducted at 20°C under short (12 h) and long (18 h) day conditions. Most of the females from the native population that consumed 50 or 10 aphids per day continued to oviposit under both long and short day conditions. Females that consumed 1 aphid per day or every 2 days practically stopped laying eggs but under long day conditions their ovaries were still active, whereas under short day conditions ca 50% of them were reproductively inactive (only germaria present) and had a well-developed fat body. Further reduction in diet resulted in an increase in the proportion of reproductively inactive females. However, about half of the females that terminated oogenesis under long day conditions had poorly developed fat bodies, which indicates that diapause was not induced. For the females from the invasive population, both photoperiodic and trophic effects were weak: under short day conditions, some females entered diapause when prey was abundant, whereas about 50% (independent of photoperiod) did not enter diapause when starved. This risk-spreading strategy, possibly, facilitates the adaptation of this invasive ladybird to unpredictable environmental conditions.

Keywords: Coleoptera, Coccinellidae, Harmonia axyridis, photoperiod, diet, diapause, invasion

Received: May 10, 2016; Accepted: August 3, 2016; Published online: September 5, 2016

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