Eur. J. Entomol. 113: 387-392, 2016 | 10.14411/eje.2016.049
Comparison of growth parameters of the predator, Chrysoperla nipponensis-B (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) reared on a diet of eggs of Corcyra cephalonica (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) and an artificial diet containing ginger
- 1 Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43300, Malaysia; e-mails: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org
- 2 Department of Forest Management, Faculty of Forestry, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43300, Malaysia; e-mail: email@example.com
- 3 Department of Entomology, Faculty of Crop Protection, Sindh Agriculture University Tandojam, Pakistan; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
The growth parameters of the green lacewing, Chrysoperla nipponensis-B (Okamoto), were studied under laboratory conditions. The highest mortality was recorded in the immature stages (instars 1st, 2nd, 3rd and pupae) of C. nipponensis fed on the eggs of Corcyra cephalonica (37.26%). The sex ratios (proportion of female to male) when reared on the eggs of C. cephalonica and an artificial diet with ginger were 0.93 : 1.00 and 0.87 : 1.00, respectively. The maximum life spans of females reared on the eggs of C. cephalonica and an artificial diet with ginger were 63 and 64 days, respectively. The females reared on the eggs of C. cephalonica produced the highest number of eggs (10.4) on the fifth day of oviposition, whereas on the artificial diet with ginger it was 9.26 on the eighth day of oviposition. The net reproductive rate (Ro) and maximum gross reproductive rate (GRR) of C. nipponensis fed on the eggs of C. cephalonica were 69.50 and 223.10 females per female per generation, respectively, whereas for the artificial diet with ginger they were 117.24 and 236.89 females per female per generation, respectively. Mean generation time (T) was 37.06 and 48.16 for the eggs of C. cephalonica and artificial diet with ginger, respectively. The intrinsic rate of natural increase (r) was 0.11 and 0.09 females per female per day for the eggs of C. cephalonica and artificial diet with ginger, respectively. The finite rate of increase (λ) was 1.12 and 1.11 females per female per day for the eggs of C. cephalonica and artificial diet with ginger, respectively. The population doubling time (DT) was 6.05 days on the diet of eggs of C. cephalonica and 7.00 on the artificial diet with ginger.
Keywords: Neuroptera, Chrysopidae, green lacewing, Chrysoperla nipponensis, life table, fecundity table, artificial diet, natural diet
Received: September 11, 2015; Accepted: February 17, 2016; Published online: May 3, 2016
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