Eur. J. Entomol. 113: 212-216, 2016 | 10.14411/eje.2016.026

Effect of three species of host tree on the cold hardiness of overwintering larvae of Anoplophora glabripennis (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae)

Yuqian FENG1, Reaxit TURSUN1, Zhichun XU1, Fang OUYANG2,*, Shixiang ZONG1,*
1 Beijing Key Laboratory for Forest Pest Control, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, 100083, P. R. China; e-mails: fengyuqian1988@163.com, 1064253317@qq.com, zhchxu@bjfu.edu.cn, zongsx@126.com
2 State Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Pest and Rodents, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China; e-mail: ouyangf@ioz.ac.cn

The Asian long-horned beetle, Anoplophora glabripennis, is a serious destructive pest of forests throughout China as it attacks a wide range of host plants. The effect of host trees on the cold hardiness of A. glabripennis larvae could be the basis for predicting the performance of this forest pest on different common hosts.To evaluate the effect of different species of host plant on the cold hardiness of overwintering larvae of A. glabripennis, we measured the supercooling point (SCP), fresh mass, protein content and concentrations of low molecular weight substances in overwintering larvae collected from three different host species (i.e., Populus opera, Populus tomentosa and Salix matsudana). Mean SCPs and protein contents of larvae from these three hosts differed significantly. The SCPs and protein contents of the larvae collected from P. opera and P. tomentosa were significantly higher than those collected from S. matsudana. The concentrations of glycerol, glucose and trehalose in overwintering larvae collected from these host species also differed significantly, but there were no significant differences in the concentrations of sorbitol and inositol. The larvae that were collected from S. matsudana had the highest concentrations of glycerol and trehalose and those from P. opera the lowest contents of glycerol, whereas those from P. tomentosa had the lowest concentrations of trehalose but the highest concentrations of glucose. Because of the significant differences in the quantities of these biochemical substances in their bodies, the cold hardiness of overwintering larvae of A. glabripennis was significantly dependent on the tree they fed on. These effects on the cold hardiness of the overwintering larvae might affect the selection of a host tree and therefore the spread of this beetle.

Keywords: Coleoptera, Cerambycidae, Anoplophora glabripennis, overwintering larvae, host trees, supercooling point, physiological and biochemical substances

Received: October 11, 2015; Accepted: January 25, 2016; Published online: February 15, 2016

Download citation

References

  1. Bale J.S. & Hayward S.L. 2010: Insect overwintering in a changing climate. - J. Exp. Biol. 213: 980-994. Go to original source...
  2. Baust J.G. & Rojas R.R. 1985: Review - insect cold hardiness: facts and fancy. - J. Insect Physiol. 31: 755-759. Go to original source...
  3. Danks H. 2006: Insect adaptations to cold and changing environments. - Can. Entomol. 138: 1-23. Go to original source...
  4. Feng Y.Q., Xu L.L., Tian B., Tao J., Wang J.L. & Zong S.X. 2014: Cold hardiness of Asian longhorned beetle (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) larvae in different populations. - Environ. Entomol. 43: 1419-1426. Go to original source...
  5. Gash A.F. & Bale J.S. 1985: Host plant influences on supercooling ability of the black-bean aphid Aphis favae. - CryoLetters 6: 297-304.
  6. He P. & Huang J.F. 1992: Artificial feeding of Anoplophora glabripennis. - J. Beijing For. Univ. 14: 61-67.
  7. Hiiesaar K., Williams I., Luik A., Metspalu L., Muljar R., Jõgar K., Karise R., Mänd M., Svilponis E. & Ploomi A. 2009: Factors affecting cold hardiness in the small striped flea beetle, Phyllotreta undulate. - Entomol. Exp. Appl. 131: 278-285. Go to original source...
  8. Hu J.F., Angeli S., Schuetz S., Luo Y.Q. & Hajek A.E. 2009: Ecology and management of exotic and endemic Asian longhorned beetle Anoplophora glabripennis. - Agric. For. Entomol. 11: 359-375. Go to original source...
  9. Hua L. & Hua B.Z. 1995: Preliminary study on the host-biotypes of peach fruit borer. - Acta Phytoph. Sin. 22: 165-170.
  10. Hua B.Z., Hua L., Song J.D. & Dong X.H. 1995: The seasonality and hybridization in Carposina sasakii Matsumura (Lepidoptera: Carposinidae) from different plants. - Acta Univ. Agric. Bor.-Occid. 23(5): 2-10.
  11. Hunter M.D. & Mcneil J.N. 1997: Host-plant quality in fluences diapause and voltinism in a polyphagous insect herbivore. - Ecology 78: 977-986. Go to original source...
  12. Jing X.H. & Kang L. 2002: Research progress in insect cold hardiness. - Acta Ecol. Sin. 22: 2202-2207.
  13. Koštál V., Zahradníčková H., Šimek P. & Zelený J. 2007: Multiple component system of sugars and polyols in the overwintering spruce bark beetle, Ips typographus. - J. Insect Physiol. 53: 580-586. Go to original source...
  14. Li Q., Wang S.Z., Feng C.H., Zhang M., Jiang F., Yang G. & Luo L.M. 2008: The physiological and biochemical indexes of the cold-hardiness of Locusta migratoria tibetensis Chen. - Acta Ecol. Sin. 28: 1314-1320.
  15. Liu Z., Gong P., Wu K., Wei W., Sun J. & Li D. 2007: Effects of larval host plants on over-wintering preparedness and survival of the cotton bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). - J. Insect Physiol. 53: 1016-1026. Go to original source...
  16. Liu Z., Gong P., Heckel D.G., Wei W., Sun J. & Li D. 2009: Effects of larval host plants on over-wintering physiological dynamics and survival of the cotton bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). - J. Insect Physiol. 55: 1-9. Go to original source...
  17. Luo Y.Q. & Li J.G. 1999: Bionomics and occurrence of Anoplophora glabripennis (Motschulsky). - Plant Quarant. 13: 5-7.
  18. Masahiko W. & Kazuhiro T. 1998: Adult diapause and cold hardiness in Aulacophora nigripennis (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). - J. Insect Physiol. 44: 1103-1110. Go to original source...
  19. Ouyang F., Liu Z.D., Yin J., Su J.W., Wang C.Z. & Ge F. 2011: Effects of transgenic Bt cotton on overwintering characteristics Helicoverpa armigera. - J. Insect Physiol. 57: 153-160. Go to original source...
  20. Qin X.X. & Jin L.L. 1959: Proceedings of Forest Insects. Scientific Press, Beijing, pp. 252-264.
  21. Ren L., Lu Y.Y., Zeng L. & Pang S.T. 2006: Effect of different host fruits on the cold hardiness of Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae). - Acta Entomol. Sin. 49: 447-453.
  22. Sakurai H., Kawai T. & Takeda S. 1992: Physiological-changes related to diapause of the lady beetle, Harmonia axyridis (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae). - Appl. Entomol. Zool. 27: 479-487.
  23. Tan W.J. & Zhao H.X. 1990: Changes of sensitivity of cotton bollworms feeding on different host plants to decamethrin. - Acta Entomol. Sin. 33: 155-160.
  24. Wang P., Ling F., Yu Y., Zhang A.S., Men X.Y., Li L.L. & Xu Y.Y. 2011: The dynamics of super-cooling ability and biochemical substances in the overwintering Carposina niponensi Walsingham (Lepidoptera: Carposinidae) larvae. - Acta Entomol. Sin. 31: 638-945.
  25. Zhong J.H., Zhang F.P., Jiang B.F., Xiao M. & Chen J.H. 2009: Effects of different host pines on the cold tolerance of the pine scale insects. - Sci. Silv. Sin. 45: 100-107.
  26. Zvereva E.L. 2002: Effects of host plant quality on overwintering success of the leaf beetle Chrysomela lapponica (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). - Eur. J. Entomol. 99: 189-193. Go to original source...