Eur. J. Entomol. 113: 122-129, 2016 | 10.14411/eje.2016.015

Benthic communities in inland salinized waters with different salinities and nutrient concentrations and the ecology of Chironomus aprilinus (Diptera: Chironomidae) in the Czech Republic

Josef MATĚNA1, Iva ©ÍMOVÁ2, Jakub BROM2, Kateřina NOVOTNÁ2
1 Institute of Hydrobiology, Biology Centre, Czech Academy of Science, Na Sádkách 7, 370 05 České Budějovice, Czech Republic; e-mail: matena@hbu.cas.cz
2 Faculty of Agriculture, University of South Bohemia, Studentská 13, 370 06 České Budějovice, Czech Republic; e-mails: isimova@zf.jcu.cz, jbrom@zf.jcu.cz, wotavova@zf.jcu.cz

The macrozoobenthos in saline pools at dumps in a former coal mining area was studied over a period of two years. Due to specific environmental conditions these pools are unique in the Czech Republic. Extremely high values of salinity (up to 11‰) along with a low concentration of dissolved phosphorus (0.01-0.1 mg.l-1) are typical of some of the water in this area. The pools were grouped into three categories based on their conductivity values and treated using cow dung, municipal wastewater treatment sludge and inorganic NPK (nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium) fertilizer at doses recommended for carp ponds. The application of fertilizer had a positive effect on the density and biomass of all the groups in the macrozoobenthos. The highest and the lowest increases in macrozoobenthos biomass were recorded after the application of NPK and cow dung, respectively. However, the application of fertilizer had no effect on the diversity of macrozoobenthos. Chironomus aprilinus, recorded in the Czech Republic for the first time, inhabited all pools with conductivity ranges of between 5,000-16,000 µS.cm-1. The density of C. aprilinus larvae increased with increasing salinity reaching a maximum of about 17,083 ind.m-2 (biomass - 82 g.m-2). Analysis of C. aprilinus phenology revealed a bivoltine pattern with the summer generation of larvae reaching a maximum in June-July and the overwintering generation in October to November.

Keywords: Diptera, Chironomidae, Chironomus aprilinus, coal mining, hydric restoration, saline inland waters, fertilization

Received: November 20, 2014; Accepted: September 14, 2015; Published online: January 28, 2016

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