Eur. J. Entomol. 113: 99-103, 2016 | 10.14411/eje.2016.012

Influence of natal host on parasitism by Spalangia cameroni (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae)

Francisco BEITIA1, Erik VALENCIA1, Bernat PERIS2, Luis DE PEDRO1,3, Josep D. ASÍS3, José TORMOS3
1 Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Agrarias, Unidad Asociada de Entomología IVIA/CIB-CSIC, Apartado Oficial, 46113-Montcada, Spain; e-mails: beitia_fra@gva.es, eriksandor.valencia@campus.uab.es, peris_berpal@gva.es
2 Departamento de Ciencia Animal, E.T.S de Ingeniería Agronómica y del Medio Natural, Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, 46022-Valencia, Spain; e-mail: peris_berpal@gva.es
3 Universidad de Salamanca, Facultad de Biología, Unidad de Zoología, Campus Miguel de Unamuno, 37007-Salamanca, Spain; e-mails: asis@usal.es, tormos@usal.es

Spalangia cameroni Perkins (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) is sold commercially as a biocontrol agent of filth flies, including the house fly, Musca domestica L. (Diptera: Muscidae). For this reason, S. cameroni is mass-reared for inundative releases to control harmful flies. However, the mass-rearing protocols include very little information on the influence of natal host on subsequent host selection by parasitoids with more than one potential host as in the genus Spalangia. Here, we report on the use of S. cameroni against M. domestica. The S. cameroni were reared using Ceratitis capitata Wiedemann (Diptera: Tephritidae) (natal host) pupae for several generations. Freeze-killed fly pupae were used in assays to determine the fecundity, number of adult progeny and sex-ratio of this parasitoid. Realized fecundity and number of adult progeny were greater when provided with house fly pupae than Mediterranean fruit fly pupae. Thus S. cameroni parasitized more house fly pupae than C. capitata pupae, even though the parasitoid was reared on Mediterranean fruit fly for many generations. These results indicate that S. cameroni reared on C. capitata can be successfully used in inundative releases against both fruit flies (agriculture) and house flies (livestock farming).

Keywords: Hymenoptera, Pteromalidae, Spalangia cameroni, Diptera, Tephritidae, Muscidae, rearing protocol, animal welfare

Received: May 19, 2015; Accepted: November 12, 2015; Published online: January 14, 2016

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