Eur. J. Entomol. 113: 44-50, 2016 | 10.14411/eje.2016.005

Mating alters the rate of development of ovarioles in the ladybird, Propylea dissecta (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae)

Mhd SHAHID, Arshi SIDDIQUI, OMKAR, Geetanjali MISHRA*
Ladybird Research Laboratory, Department of Zoology, University of Lucknow, Lucknow-226007, India; e-mails: geetanjalimishra@hotmail.com, shahidgr786@mil.com, arshi.apda@gmail.com, omkaar55@hotmail.com

The influence of female mating status on ovarian development of the ladybird, Propylea dissecta (Mulsant) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), was investigated under laboratory conditions. We assessed the extent to which ovariole development was affected by mating and for that we initially created a base line by observing age specific ovariole development. Results show that the number of follicles in each ovariole increased with the age of both virgin and mated females up to the age of 3 days, thereafter, no increase in number of follicles was recorded. Ovariole width also increased with age in both virgin and mated females up to 4 days, thereafter, no increase in ovariole width was recorded. The ovariole width of mated females was significantly greater than that of virgin females. Egg maturation and the egg load started to increase at the age of 8 days in virgin females. Thereafter, it increased with increase in female age. While in mated females, immature eggs were recorded in their ovarioles from the age of 1 to 2 days. In mated females, however, the increase in the number of mature eggs per ovariole and egg load started when they were 3 days old. Egg load continuously increased with increasing female age.

Keywords: Coleoptera, Coccinellidae, Propylea dissecta, age, mating status, ovariole development, egg maturation, egg load

Received: May 18, 2015; Accepted: September 14, 2015; Published online: January 8, 2016

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