Eur. J. Entomol. 112 (4): 844-854, 2015 | 10.14411/eje.2015.090

Partially disarticulated new Miocene burrower bug (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Cydnidae) from Cerová (Slovakia) documents occasional preservation of terrestrial arthropods in deep-marine sediments

Peter VRŠANSKÝ1,2, Jerzy A. LIS3, Ján SCHLÖGL4, Martin GULDAN5, Tomáš MLYNSKÝ1,6, Peter BARNA1, Pavel ŠTYS7
1 Earth Science Institute SAS, Dúbravská cesta 9, P.O. Box 106, SK-840 05 Bratislava, Slovak Republic; e-mail: geolvrsa@savba.sk
2 Arthropoda Laboratory, Paleontological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Profsoyuznaya 123, 117868 Moscow, Russia; e-mail: lab@palaeoentomolog.ru
3 Department of Biosystematics, Center for Biodiversity Studies, Opole University, Oleska 22, 45-052 Opole, Poland; e-mail: cydnus@uni.opole.pl
4 Department of Geology and Paleontology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Comenius University in Bratislava, Mlynská dolina G, SK-842 15 Bratislava, Slovak Republic; e-mail: schlogl@fns.uniba.sk
5 KVANT, Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics, Comenius University, Mlynská dolina, SK-842 48 Bratislava, Slovak Republic; e-mail: Martin.Guldan@kvant.sk
6 Balneological Museum Piešťany, vila Dr. Lisku, Štefánikova 1, SK-921 01 Piešťany, Slovak Republic; e-mail: tmlynsky@yahoo.com
7 Department of Zoology, Charles University, Viničná 7, Praha 2, CZ-128 44 Czech Republic; e-mail: pavelstys@gmail.com

The state of preservation of the bug Sehirus carpathiensis J.A. Lis, Vršanský & Schlögl, sp. n. (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Cydnidae) from the Lakšárska Nová Ves Formation at Cerová (Slovakia) supports extremely rapid sinking and burial in upper bathyal Early Miocene sediments. The specimen originated from land at most a few kilometers away, but transport via a river can be excluded as the head and wings are still attached. Its most likely source based on fossil flora and the habitat of several living representatives of the genus is a riparian habitat in an adjacent area of land. Phylogenetically the new species is closely related to both Oligocene and living representatives of the genus, thus indicating an early Paleogene origin of the genus (like many other living insect genera). The observations based on two samples from one area (Czech Republic) indicate that terrestrial insects are occasionally preserved in deep marine environments, but overlooked due to their usually fragmentary and obscure nature of the preservation. The newly developed KVANT full-profile confocal measurement revealed a sample roughness Ra = 1.3-2.0 µm and abdomen submerged in the matrix 300 µm deeper than the more rigid pronotum.

Keywords: Key words. Hemiptera, Heteroptera, Cydnidae, Sehirus, new species, fossil insect, bathyal, Cenozoic, Slovakia, Cerová, confocal profile

Received: April 20, 2015; Accepted: June 12, 2015; Prepublished online: August 27, 2015; Published: November 21, 2015

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