Eur. J. Entomol. 112 (4): 824-830, 2015 | DOI: 10.14411/eje.2015.096

Epitrix papa sp. n. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Galerucinae: Alticini), previously misidentified as Epitrix similaris, is a threat to potato production in Europe

Marina J. ORLOVA-BIENKOWSKAJA
A.N. Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution, Russian Academy of Sciences, 33 Leninskiy Prospect, 119071 Moscow, Russia; e-mail: marinaorlben@yandex.ru

A nonnative pest of potato recently established and causing significant economic damage in Portugal and Spain was initially identified as Epitrix similaris Gentner and included on lists of quarantine pests. The identity of this pest was doubted by some experts, since E. similaris is a rare species previously recorded only from California and does not damage potato in its native range. Our comparison of 20 specimens of this pest from Portugal with paratypes of E. similaris has revealed that it is not E. similaris. The name "Epitrix similaris" should be removed from lists of quarantine pests. The damage to potato tubers caused by the larvae of this pest is similar to that of E. tuberis Gentner, but examination of paratypes of E. tuberis has revealed that the pest is not E. tuberis. This pest differs from all species of Epitrix recorded in the Holarctic and from all known Epitrix pests of potato in the world. Herewith it is described as a new species Epitrix papa sp. n., whose native range is unknown.

Keywords: Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae, Epitrix, flea beetle, Europe, introduced pest, potato, Solanum tuberosum, tubers

Received: June 3, 2015; Accepted: July 9, 2015; Prepublished online: September 22, 2015; Published: November 21, 2015

Download citation

References

  1. Barriga-Tuñón J.E. 2011: Coleoptera Neotropical [WWW document]. URL: http://coleoptera-neotropical.org/paginaprincipalhome.html [accessed 23 May 2015].
  2. Beenen R. & Roques A. 2010: Leaf and seed beetles (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae). - BioRisk 4: 267-292. Go to original source...
  3. Boavida C. 2009: Presence in Portugal of Epitrix similaris Gentner (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Alticinae), an exotic pest of potato tubers. - Bol. Sanid. Veget. Plagas 35: 73-74.
  4. Boavida C. & Germain J.-F. 2009: Identification and pest status of two exotic flea beetle species newly introduced in Portugal: Epitrix similaris Gentner and Epitrix cucumeris (Harris). - EPPO Bull. 39: 501-508. Go to original source...
  5. Boavida C., Giltrap N., Cuthbertson A.G.S. & Northing P. 2013: Epitrix similaris and Epitrix cucumeris in Portugal: damage patterns in potato and suitability of potential plants for reproduction. - EPPO Bull. 43: 323-333. Go to original source...
  6. Borowiec L. 2013: The Leaf Beetles of Europe and the Mediterranean Subregion (Checklist and Iconography) [WWW document]. URL: http://www.biol.uni.wroc.pl/cassidae/European%20Chrysomelidae/index.htm [accessed 26 April 2015].
  7. Cuthbertson A.G.S. 2015: Chemical and ecological control methods for Epitrix spp. - Global J. Environ. Sci. Manag. 1: 95-97.
  8. Deczynski A. 2014: A Preliminary Revision of the Genus Epitrix Foudras (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Galerucinae: Alticini) in America North of Mexico (University of Delaware) [WWW document]. URL: http://dspace.udel.edu/bitstream/handle/19716/13155/Deczynski%2c%20Anthony.pdf?sequence=1 [accessed 10 April 2015].
  9. Döberl M. 2000: Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Gattung Epitrix Foudras, 1860 in der Paläarktis. - Mitt. Internat. Entomol. Ver. 25: 1-23.
  10. Döberl M. 2010: Subfamily Alticinae. In Löbl I. & Smetana A. (eds): Catalogue of Palaearctic Coleoptera. Vol. 6, Chrysomeloidea. Apollo Books, Stentrup, pp. 491-563.
  11. Doguet S. 2009: Présence en Europe de deux espèces nord-américaines d'Epitrix (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Alticinae). - Entomologiste 65: 89-90.
  12. EPPO 2011: Epitrix cucumeris, E. similaris and E. tuberis. - EPPO Bull. 41: 369-373.
  13. EPPO 2014: Updated Situation of Epitrix similaris in Spain. EPPO Global Database [WWW document]. URL: https://gd.eppo.int/reporting/article-2788 [accessed 10 April 2015].
  14. EPPO 2015: EPPO Plant Quarantine Data Retrieval System. Version 5.3.5, 2015-02-10 [WWW document]. URL: http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm [accessed 15 May 2015].
  15. Eyre D. & Giltrap N. 2012: Epitrix flea beetles: new threats to potato production in Europe. - Pest Manag. Sci. 69: 3-6. Go to original source...
  16. Gaiani M. 2014: Chrysomelidae en MIZA [WWW document]. URL: http://chrysomelidae.miza-ucv.org.ve/ [accessed 15 May 2015].
  17. Gentner L.G. 1944: The black flea beetles of the genus Epitrix commonly identified as cucumeris (Harris) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). - Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 46: 137-149.
  18. Germain J.-F., Chatot C., Meusnier I., Artige E., Rasplus J.Y. & Cruaud A. 2013: Molecular identification of Epitrix potato flea beetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in Europe and North America. - Bull. Entomol. Res. 103: 354-362. Go to original source...
  19. Heikertinger F. 1950: Bestimmungstabelle der paläarktischen Arten der Crepidodera-Verwandtschaft weitesten Sinnes. - Koleopt. Rundsch. 31: 117-121.
  20. ICZN 1999: International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. 4th ed. International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature, London, 306 pp.
  21. Oliveira R., Chatot C. & Dedryver C.A. 2008: Détectée en Europe, une nouvelle altise. - Potato Planet 11: 30-34.
  22. Orlova-Bienkowskaja M.J. 2014: First record of the tobacco flea beetle Epitrix hirtipennis Melsheimer [Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Alticinae] in Russia. - EPPO Bull. 44: 44-46. Go to original source...
  23. Reid C.A.M. & De Little D.W. 2013: A new species of Paropsisterna Motschulsky, 1860, a significant pest of plantation eucalypts in Tasmania and Ireland (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Chrysomelinae). - Zootaxa 3681: 395-404. Go to original source...
  24. Riley E.G., Clark S.M., Flowers R.W. & Gilbert A.J. 2002: Chrysomelidae Latreille, 1802. In Arnett R.H., Thomas M.C., Skelley P.E. & Frank J.H. (eds): American Beetles. Vol. 2. Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, pp. 617-691.
  25. Riley E.G., Clark S.M. & Seeno T.N. 2003: Catalog of the Leaf Beetles of America North of Mexico (Coleoptera: Megalopodidae, Orsodacnidae and Chrysomelidae, Excluding Bruchinae). Coleopterists Society, Sacramento, 290 pp.
  26. Roques A., Fan J.T., Courtial B., Zhang Y.Z., Yart A., Auger-Rozenberg M.A., Denux O., Kenis M., Baker R. & Sun J.H. 2014: Planting sentinel European trees in eastern Asia as a novel method to identify potential insect pest invaders. - PloS one 10(5): e0120864, 19 pp. Go to original source...
  27. Saunders J.L., King A.B. & Vargas C.L. 1983: Plagas de cultivos en América Central. CATIE, Costa Rica, 92 pp.
  28. Seeno T.N. & Andrews F.G. 1972: Alticinae of California. Part I: Epitrix spp. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). - Coleopt. Bull. 26: 53-61.
  29. Smirnov M.E. 2006: Epitrix setosella (Fairm., 1888) (Chrysomelidae) [WWW document]. URL: http://www.zin.ru/animalia/coleoptera/rus/episetms.htm [accessed 15 May 2015].
  30. Vreugdenhil D., Bradshaw J., Gebhardt C., Govers F., Taylor M.A., MacKerron D.K. & Ross H.A. (eds) 2011: Potato Biology and Biotechnology: Advances and Perspectives. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 857 pp.
  31. Webster R.P., LeSage L. & DeMerchant I. 2012: New Coleoptera records from New Brunswick, Canada: Megalopodidae and Chrysomelidae. - ZooKeys 179: 321-348.