Eur. J. Entomol. 112 (4): 613-618, 2015 | 10.14411/eje.2015.086

Origins and genetic diversity of the ragweed beetles, Ophraella communa (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), that were introduced into Italy and Japan based on an analysis of mitochondrial DNA sequence data

Yudai NISHIDE1, Yuya FUKANO2,*, Hayato DOI2, Toshiyuki SATOH2, Hiroki INOUE2, Marco BORIANI3
1 Locust Research Laboratory, National Institute of Agro-biological Sciences at Ohwashi, 1-2 Ohwashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8634, Japan; e-mail: nishiyu0@yahoo.co.jp
2 Graduate School of Agriculture, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 3-8-1 Harumi-cho, Fuchu-shi, Tokyo 183-8538, Japan; e-mails: ragweed.beetle@gmail.com; sss_stareyes@yahoo.co.jp; robo_q0j0p@yahoo.co.jp; tsatoh@cc.tuat.ac.jp
3 Regione Lombardia, Laboratorio fitopatologico, Servizio fitosanitario regionale, Viale Raimondi 54, I-22040 Vertemate con Minoprio (Como), Italy; e-mail: marco_boriani@regione.lombardia.it

Ophraella communa (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) is an oligophagous herbivorous beetle that feeds on Ambrosia artemisiifolia. It is native to North America, but was accidentally introduced into Japan in 1995 and Europe in 2013. We analyzed partial DNA sequences of the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase II gene for O. communa collected from 29 locations in the United States, Japan and Italy. Overall, the results of our analyses indicate that the introduced Japanese populations have lower genetic variation than the native populations. The sequences for the Italian specimens did not share haplotypes with Japanese specimens. These results indicate that the introduced Japanese populations originated from a single introduction, and that the Italian and Japanese populations have different origins.

Keywords: Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae, Ophraella communa, invasive species, biological control, Ambrosia artemisiifolia

Received: December 19, 2014; Accepted: June 26, 2015; Prepublished online: August 27, 2015; Published: November 21, 2015

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