Eur. J. Entomol. 112 (3): 560-563, 2015 | 10.14411/eje.2015.065

Preference of two populations of Propylea quatuordecimpunctata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) for Aphis fabae and Aphis gossypii (Homoptera: Aphididae)

Maryam KESHAVARZ1, Marjan SEIEDY1,*, Hossein ALLAHYARI2
1 School of Biology and Center of Excellence in Phylogeny of Living Organisms, College of Science, University of Tehran, 14155-6455 Tehran, Iran; e-mails: m.keshavarz_90@ut.ac.ir; mseyyedi@ut.ac.ir
2 Department of Plant Protection, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran; e-mail: allahyar@ut.ac.ir

Prey preference of natural enemies is an important parameter used in studies on their efficiency. Feeding preferences of individuals from two populations of Propylea quatuordecimpunctata (L.) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) for the essential prey items, Aphis fabae Scopoli, 1763 and Aphis gossypii Glover, 1877 (Homoptera: Aphididae) were evaluated in the laboratory using Manly's β preference index (β). For the predator preference experiment, equal numbers of A. fabae and A. gossypii were offered to the predator. The experiment was conducted on a broad bean leaf disc with 20 replicates. After 24 h, the unconsumed aphids were counted. Individuals of P. quatuordecimpunctata from both populations consumed more A. gossypii [Karaj population (mean ± SE): 28.15 ± 1.04 and Sari population 34.35 ± 0.51] than A. fabae (Karaj population: 17.95 ± 0.64 and Sari population: 17.7 ± 1.01). The values of Manly's β preference index (β) for A. gossypii were 0.73 ± 0.01 and 0.77 ± 0.01 for the Karaj and Sari populations, respectively and for A. fabae were 0.26 ± 0.01 and 0.22 ± 0.01 for the Karaj and Sari populations, respectively. Comparison of the preference indices using a t-test revealed significant differences between the prey preferences of those from the Sari population (t = 22.53, df = 38, P < 0.0001) and the Karaj population (t = 26, df = 38, P < 0.0001). These results reveal that P. quatuordecimpunctata from the two populations prefer A. gossypii over A. fabae.

Keywords: Coleoptera, Coccinellidae, prey preference, Propylea quatuordecimpunctata, Aphis fabae, Aphis gossypii, populations

Received: September 18, 2014; Accepted: April 3, 2015; Prepublished online: June 4, 2015; Published: July 15, 2015

Download citation

References

  1. Al-Zyoud F.A. & Sengonca C. 2004: Prey consumption preferences of Serangium parcesetosum Sicard (Col., Coccinellidae) for different prey stages, species and parasitized prey. - J. Pest Sci. 77: 197-204. Go to original source...
  2. Boivin G., Roger C., Coderre D. & Wajnberg E. 2010: Learning affects prey selection in larvae of a generalist coccinellid predator. - Entomol. Exp. Appl. 135: 48-55. Go to original source...
  3. Crawley M.J. 1992: Natural Enemies: The Population Biology of Predators, Parasites and Diseases. Blackwell, Oxford, 592 pp.
  4. Dixon A.F.G. 1998: Aphid Ecology. Chapman & Hall, London, 300 pp.
  5. Dixon A.F.G. 2000: Insect Predator-Prey Dynamics. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 257 pp.
  6. Eubanks M.D. & Denno R.F. 2000: Health food versus fast food: the effects of prey quality and mobility on prey selection by a generalist predator and indirect interactions among prey species. - Ecol. Entomol. 25: 140-146. Go to original source...
  7. Finlayson C., Alyokhin A., Gross S. & Porter E. 2010: Differential consumption of four aphid species by four lady beetle species. - J. Insect Sci. 10: 31 (10 pp.) Go to original source...
  8. Fujiyama N. & Katakura H. 2001: Variable correspondence of female host preference and larval performance in a phytophagous ladybird beetle Epilachna pustulosa (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). - Ecol. Res. 16: 405-414. Go to original source...
  9. Hodek I. 1973: Biology of Coccinellidae. Academia, Prague, 260 pp.
  10. Hodek I. 1993: Habitat and food specificity in aphidophagous predators. - Biocontr. Sci. Technol. 3: 91-100. Go to original source...
  11. Hodek I. & Honek A. 1996: Ecology of Coccinellidae. Kluwer, Dordrecht, 464 pp.
  12. Kalushkov P. 1998: Ten aphid species (Sternorrhyncha: Aphididae) as prey for Adalia bipunctata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). - Eur. J. Entomol. 95: 343-349.
  13. Kalushkov P. & Hodek I. 2004: The effects of thirteen species of aphids on some life history parameters of the ladybird Coccinella septempunctata. - BioControl 49: 21-32. Go to original source...
  14. Kalushkov P. & Hodek I. 2005: The effects of six species of aphids on some life history parameters of the ladybird Propylea quatuordecimpunctata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). - Eur. J. Entomol. 102: 449-452. Go to original source...
  15. Klingauf F.A. 1988: Feeding, adaptation and excretion. In Minks A.K. & Harrewijn P. (eds): Aphids: Their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 225-253.
  16. Liepert C. & Dettner K. 1996: Role of cuticular hydrocarbons of aphid parasitoids in their relationship to aphid attending ants. - J. Chem. Ecol. 22: 695-707. Go to original source...
  17. Majerus M.E.N. 1994: Ladybirds. Harper Collins, London, 367 pp.
  18. Manly B. 1974: A model for certain types selection experiments. - Biometrics 30: 281-294. Go to original source...
  19. Michaud J.P. 2000: Development and reproduction of ladybeetles (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) on the citrus aphids Aphis spiraecola Patch and Toxoptera citricida (Kirkaldy) (Homoptera: Aphididae). - Biol. Contr. 18: 287-297. Go to original source...
  20. Mignault M.-P., Roy M. & Brodeur J. 2006: Soybean aphid predators in Quebec and the suitability of Aphis glycines as prey for three Coccinellidae. - BioControl 51: 89-106. Go to original source...
  21. Nedved O. & Salvucci S. 2008: Ladybird Coccinella septempunctata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) prefers toxic prey in laboratory choice experiment. - Eur. J. Entomol. 105: 431-436. Go to original source...
  22. Obrycki J.J. & Orr C.J. 1990: Suitability of three prey species for Nearctic populations of Coccinella septempunctata, Hippodamia variegata, and Propylea quatuordecimpunctata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). - J. Econ. Entomol. 83: 1292-1297. Go to original source...
  23. Okamoto H. 1966: Three problems of prey specificity of aphidophagous coccinellids. In Hodek I. (ed.): Ecology of Aphidophagous Insects. Academia, Dr. W. Junk, Prague, The Hague, pp. 45-46.
  24. Omkar & Mishra G. 2005: Preference-performance of a generalist predatory ladybird: A laboratory study. - Biol. Contr. 34: 187-195. Go to original source...
  25. Pasteels J.M. 2007: Chemical defence, offence and alliance in ants-aphids-ladybirds relationships. - Popul. Ecol. 49: 5-14. Go to original source...
  26. Pervez A. & Omkar 2011: Ecology of aphidophagous ladybird Propylea species: A review. - J. Asia-Pac. Entomol. 14: 357-365.
  27. Phoofolo M.W. & Obrycki J.J. 1997: Comparative prey suitability of Ostrinia nubilalis eggs and Acyrthosiphon pisum for Coleomegilla maculata. - Biol. Contr. 9: 167-172. Go to original source...
  28. Provost C., Lucas E. & Coderre D. 2006: Prey preference of Hyaliodes vitripennis as an intraguild predator: active predator choice or passive selection? - Biol. Contr. 37: 148-154. Go to original source...
  29. Rahim Khan M. & Rafique Khan M. 2002: Prey preference and switching behavior of Coccinella septempunctata L. (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). - Int. J. Agric. Biol. 4: 110-112.
  30. Roger C., Coderre D. & Boivin G. 2000: Differential prey utilization by generalist predator Coleomegilla maculata lengi according to prey size and species. - Entomol. Exp. Appl. 94: 3-13. Go to original source...
  31. Sherratt T. & Harvey I.F. 1993: Frequency-dependent food selection by arthropods: a review. - Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 48: 167-186. Go to original source...
  32. Soares A.O., Coderre D. & Schanderl H. 2004: Dietary self-selection behaviour by the adults of the aphidophagous ladybeetle Harmonia axyridis (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). - J. Anim. Ecol. 73: 478-486. Go to original source...
  33. Srivastava P.N. 1988: Nutritional physiology. In Minks A.K. & Harrewijn P. (eds): Aphids: Their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control. Elsevier, Amsterdam. pp. 99-121.
  34. Stephens D.W. & Krebs J.R. 1986: Foraging Theory. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 247 pp.
  35. Thompson D.J. 1975: Towards a predator-prey model incorporating age structure: the effects of predator and prey size on the predation of Daphnia magna by Ischnura elegans. - J. Anim. Ecol. 44: 907-916. Go to original source...
  36. Vernant P., Nilforoushan F., Hatzfeld D., Abbassi M.R., Vigny C., Masson F., Nankali H., Martinod J., Ashtiani A., Bayser R., Tavakoli F. & Chery J. 2004: Present day crustal deformation and plate kinematics in the Middle East constrained by GPS measurements in Iran and northern Oman. - Geophys. J. Int. 157: 381-398. Go to original source...