Eur. J. Entomol. 112 (3): 486-492, 2015 | 10.14411/eje.2015.062

How does Oedipoda germanica (Orthoptera: Acrididae) cope on the northern edge of its distribution? A demographical study of a completely isolated population

Stanislav RADA1, Lucie ©TÌPÁNOVÁ1, Jan LOSÍK1, Jan ©IPO©2,3, Jaroslav HOLU©A4, Tomá¹ KURAS1
1 Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science, Palacký University Olomouc, ©lechtitelù 27, 783 71 Olomouc - Holice, Czech Republic; e-mails: stanislav.rada@seznam.cz; polesanka@gmail.com; jan.losik@gmail.com; kurast@seznam.cz
2 Department of Biology and Ecology, Faculty of Science, University of Ostrava, Chittussiho 10, 710 00 Slezská Ostrava, Czech Republic; e-mail: jsipos@seznam.cz
3 Global Change Research Centre, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Bìlidla 986/4a, 603 00 Brno, Czech Republic
4 Department of Forest Protection and Entomology, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sciences, Czech University of Life Sciences, Kamýcká 1176, 165 21 Praha 6 - Suchdol, Czech Republic; e-mail: HolusaJ@seznam.cz

We studied a population of the Red-winged grasshopper Oedipoda germanica, which is a highly stenotypic and endangered species in Central Europe. The locality studied is completely isolated and at the northern limit of this species distribution (north-west of the Czech Republic). We used capture-mark-recapture in 3 consecutive years (2008-2010). We estimated the total population size using POPAN software to be 136 adults in 2008, 70 in 2009 and 122 in 2010. Estimated daily survival rate (Ф) ranged from 0.950 to 0.987. We constructed linear mixed models to test for apparent survival in relation to temperature data. Temperatures (i.e. mean air temperature and maximum air temperature) were found to have significant effects on survival. The population studied is small, isolated and thus threatened by extinction, as are other O. germanica populations at the northern limit of their distribution. The preservation of indigenous populations in their localities can be achieved by active management, including the removal of shrubs and trees.

Keywords: Orthoptera, Acrididae, Oedipoda germanica, endangered grasshopper, population size, survival, temperature

Received: November 19, 2014; Accepted: April 27, 2015; Prepublished online: May 15, 2015; Published: July 15, 2015

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