Eur. J. Entomol. 112 (3): 453-459, 2015 | DOI: 10.14411/eje.2015.053

Demographic parameters of Diuraphis noxia (Hemiptera: Aphididae) and Hippodamia variegata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) recorded in the context of D. noxia infesting resistant and susceptible cultivars of wheat

Leila ZANGANEH1, Hossein MADADI1,*, Hossein ALLAHYARI2
1 Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran; e-mails: madadiho@gmail.com; ingot1984@gmail.com
2 Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran; e-mail: Allahyar@ut.ac.ir

The Russian wheat aphid (RWA), Diuraphis noxia (Kurdjumov), is a serious pest of small grains and can cause losses of about 80% in wheat yields. Chemical control is ineffective against this pest so the combined use of host plant resistance and biological control is seen as a possible better means of controlling this pest. In this study, the potential effect of Omid (resistant) and Sardari (susceptible) cultivars of wheat on life table parameters and daily fecundity of RWA and its predator, Hippodamia variegata (Goeze), were determined using the age-stage two-sex life table theory. The results indicate that the rm, R0, λ, T and GRR of RWA were -0.005 ± 0.01 day-1, 0.9 ± 0.24 offspring per individual, 0.99 ± 0.01 day-1, 21.16 ± 1.79 days and 13.34 ± 2.91 offspring on Omid and 0.159 ± 0.01 day-1, 6.9 ± 0.54 offspring per individual, 1.17 ± 0.01 day-1, 12.14 ± 0.26 days and 12.73 ± 1.22 offspring on Sardari. The corresponding values for H. variegata fed on RWA reared on Omid were 0.24 ± 0.01 day-1, 399.35 ± 53.01 eggs, 1.27 ± 0.01 day-1, 24.67 ± 0.28 days and 544.23 ± 75.86 eggs and on Sardari 0.20 ± 0.006 day-1, 221.56 ± 34.68 eggs, 1.23 ± 0.01 day-1, 26.50 ± 0.41 days and 402.72 ± 67.55, respectively. The resistance of wheat cultivars significantly affected life table parameters and mean fecundity of RWA and H. variegata. Our results indicate that combining both host plant resistance and predators in the integrated pest management of RWA could result in a synergistic effect.

Keywords: Hemiptera, Aphididae, Diuraphis noxia, Coleoptera, Coccinellidae, Hippodamia variegata, Russian wheat aphid, life table, host plant resistance

Received: June 16, 2014; Accepted: February 12, 2015; Prepublished online: March 20, 2015; Published: July 15, 2015

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