Eur. J. Entomol. 112 (3): 432-439, 2015 | 10.14411/eje.2015.060

Temporal variations in the life-cycles of aphids (Sternorrhyncha: Aphididae) and their coccinellid predators

Mohamed El Fodhil AROUN1, Bahia DOUMANDJI-MITICHE2, Daniel PETIT3,*, Zahr-Eddine DJAZOULI1
1 Department of Plant Biotechnology, Faculty of Nature and Life Sciences, University of Blida I, Blida 0900, Algeria; e-mails: mf_aroun@yahoo.fr; zahro2002@gmail.com
2 École Nationale Supérieure Agronomique, Hacen Badi, Algiers, Algeria; e-mail: doumandjimitiche@yahoo.fr
3 UMR 1061, INRA, University of Limoges, 123, av. A. Thomas, 87060 Limoges Cedex, France; e-mail: Daniel.petit@unilim.fr

Aphids are either monoecious living either on trees or herbaceous plants, or heteroecious, which involves host alternating between a tree (primary host) and a herbaceous plant (secondary host). We described the temporal variations in abundance and richness of aphids in an Algerian orchard, over a 6 month period. We recorded the choice of basin colour, the relative height of traps, and monthly Barycenter of winged populations. We also recorded temporal variations in the structure of ladybird communities. Tree-living species of aphids are the last to be caught with most caught by the yellow traps, possibly because of the predominant greenness of the vegetation in April. Most were also caught by high traps. Their phenology coincides with that of the second peak of ladybirds. In contrast, the phenology of species of aphids living on herbaceous plants differs greatly, which reflects their host plant diversity. In March relatively more of these aphids were caught by the green traps, possibly because at that time the ground was not yet covered by vegetation. Early and late species of aphids are at greater risk of being attacked by ladybirds as they are also most active early and late in the season. The highest catches of the heteroecious species of aphids were recorded in the middle of the trapping period and between those of the two groups of monoecious species of aphids. The adaptive significance of the differences in the behaviour and ecology of the aphids in the three groups is discussed.

Keywords: Sternorrhyncha, Aphididae, aphid, ladybird, life cycle, groups of aphids, coloured basins, abundance, richness, Brevicoryne brassicae, Aphis gossypii, Aphis spiraecola, Hyalopterus pruni

Received: June 24, 2014; Accepted: March 23, 2015; Prepublished online: May 15, 2015; Published: July 15, 2015

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