Eur. J. Entomol. 111 (5): 669-676, 2014 | DOI: 10.14411/eje.2014.078

Effect of conventional and non-inversion tillage systems on the abundance and some life history traits of carabid beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) in winter triticale fields

Agnieszka KOSEWSKA1, Tomasz SKALSKI2, Mariusz NIETUPSKI1
1 Department of Phytopatology and Entomology, University of Warmia and Mazury, Prawocheńskiego 17, 10-719 Olsztyn, Poland; e-mails: a.kosewska@uwm.edu.pl; mariusz.nietupski@uwm.edu.pl
2 Department of Entomology, Institute of Zoology, Jagiellonian University, Gronostajowa 9, 30-387 Kraków, Poland; e-mail: tomasz.skalski@uj.edu.pl

Soil cultivation is among the principal factors that determine the structure and properties of soil and also affects the species composition and abundance of soil dwelling arthropods. Carabid beetles are a particularly valuable group of arthropods, the species of which are strongly associated with particular soil environments. This paper discusses the effect of soil tillage on carabid beetle assemblages. The study was carried out near Olsztyn, in northeastern Poland. Six wheat fields, each cultivated using either, conventional or non-inversion, soil tillage, were chosen. Carabid beetles were caught in Barber s traps from early April to the end of October 2011. In total, 7,486 specimens belonging to 55 species of the family Carabidae were captured. The most numerous were Poecilus cupreus, Pterostichus melanarius, Harpalus rufipes, Anchomenus dorsalis and Carabus granulatus. Differences in the abundance of ground beetles and some life history traits were associated with the two soil tillage systems. In particular, ploughing reduced carabid abundance and resulted in the increased activity of medium-sized zoophages and spring breeders.

Keywords: Coleoptera, Carabidae, ground beetles, life traits, plough, non-inversion tillage, triticale

Received: December 31, 2013; Accepted: May 23, 2014; Prepublished online: September 10, 2014; Published: December 10, 2014

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