Eur. J. Entomol. 111 (3): 448-452, 2014 | DOI: 10.14411/eje.2014.038

Suitable food plants for mass rearing of the short-horn grasshopper Oxya hyla hyla (Orthoptera: Acrididae)

Subhasish GHOSH, Parimalendu HALDAR, Dipak K. MANDAL*
Department of Zoology, Visva-Bharati University, Santiniketan - 731 235, West Bengal, India; e-mails: dkmandal.vb@gmail.com; subhasishghsh@gmail.com; pa_haldar@yahoo.co.in

Acridids could be an alternative source of protein for feeding to livestock as large numbers can be produced by rearing them on suitable food plants under optimum environmental conditions. The aim of the present study was to find a suitable food plant for the mass culture of the short-horn grasshopper Oxya hyla hyla (Serville). Food consumption and utilization, growth (growth rate, average daily growth, specific growth rate and wet weight gain), survival and life span of this insect reared on Sorghum halepense, Cyanodon dactylon and a mixture of these two plants were determined. The result revealed that the food utilization, growth and survival of this grasshopper depended on the food plant. The nymphs that were reared on C. dactylon consumed less food but had a greater efficiency of conversion of ingested food to body mass, growth performance and survival than those feed on the other two types of food. In contrast, the food consumption and utilization, growth and weight gain of adult grasshoppers was greatest when they were reared on S. halepense. These results indicate that of the plants used in this study C. dactylon is the best for rearing the nymphs and S. halepense for rearing the adults of Oxya hyla hyla.

Keywords: Orthoptera, Acrididae, acridid, Oxya hyla hyla, mass rearing, food plants, Sorghum halepense, Cyanodon dactylon

Received: August 27, 2013; Accepted: January 28, 2014; Prepublished online: April 23, 2014; Published: July 14, 2014

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