Eur. J. Entomol. 111 (3): 397-406, 2014 | 10.14411/eje.2014.049

Efficacy of semiochemical-baited traps for detection of longhorn beetles (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in the Russian Far East

Jon D. SWEENEY1, Peter J. SILK1, Vasily GREBENNIKOV2
1 Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service - Atlantic Forestry Centre, 1350 Regent Street, PO Box 4000, Fredericton, NB, E3B5P7, Canada; e-mails: jon.sweeney@nrcan.gc.ca; psilk@nrcan.gc.ca
2 Ottawa Plant Laboratory, Canadian Food Inspection Agency, 960 Carling Ave, K.W. Neatby Building, Ottawa, ON K1A 0C6, Canada; e-mail: vasily.grebennikov@inspection.gc.ca

The efficacy of various combinations of pheromones and plant volatile lures for detection of longhorn beetles (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in traps was tested in field bioassays in a mixed coniferous-deciduous forest near Vladivostok in the Russian Far East in 2009 and 2010. Traps detected 30 species (490 specimens) in 2009 and 23 species (182 specimens) in 2010. Overall, 38 longhorn beetle species were detected, with 15 species common to both years. Species composition differed among lure treatments, but the number of species detected with any single lure did not vary significantly among lures (12-16 species per lure in 2009; 3-10 species per lure in 2010). Type of lure significantly affected mean catch per trap of five species in 2009 and 2010. For these same species, lure type also significantly affected the efficacy of detection, i.e., the proportion of traps that captured at least one specimen of a given species. The combination of racemic E-fuscumol and spruce blend (a blend of five monoterpenes) positively affected mean catch of Tetropium castaneum (L.). Racemic 3-hydroxyhexan-2-one (K6), alone or combined with ethanol, increased mean catch of Anaglyptus colobotheoides Bates. The combination of K6 and ethanol increased mean catch of Phymatodes testaceus (L.), and the combination of racemic 3-hydroxyoctan-2-one and ethanol increased mean catch of Molorchus minor (L.). Use of longhorn beetle pheromone lures in trapping surveys increases the mean catch and probability of detecting certain species of Cerambycidae, including those that may be exotic and potentially invasive. Sample-based rarefaction indicated that eight traps per site were insufficient to detect all of the longhorn species potentially attracted by any individual lure treatment, i.e., species accumulation curves failed to reach an asymptote in most cases.

Keywords: Coleoptera, Cerambycidae, longhorn beetles, semiochemical, traps, detection, Russian Far East

Received: March 4, 2014; Accepted: April 25, 2014; Prepublished online: May 27, 2014; Published: July 14, 2014

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