Eur. J. Entomol. 110 (4): 605-610, 2013 | 10.14411/eje.2013.082

Effect of temperature and species of plant on the consumption of leaves by three species of Orthoptera under laboratory conditions

Spyridon A. ANTONATOS1,2, Nikolaos G. EMMANUEL2, Argyro A. FANTINOU3
1 Laboratory of Agricultural Entomology, Department of Entomology and Agricultural Zoology, Benaki Phytopathological Institute, Stefanou Delta 8, 14561 Kifissia, Greece; e-mail: s.antonatos@bpi.gr
2 Laboratory of Agricultural Zoology and Entomology, Agricultural University of Athens, Iera Odos 75, 11855 Athens, Greece; e-mail: ceaz2emn@aua.gr
3 Laboratory of Ecology and Environmental Science, Agricultural University of Athens, Iera Odos 75, 11855 Athens, Greece; e-mail: argyr@aua.gr

In the Mediterranean area the orthopterans Calliptamus barbarus barbarus, Dociostaurus maroccanus and Tettigonia viridissima are considered to be pests of major economic importance crop plants. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the area of leaf of vine, cotton and potato plants consumed by these Orthoptera at two temperatures. Leaf area was determined for each plant species before the leaves were provided to the insects. Virgin male and female adults were allowed to feed on a leaf of each plant species and the area of leaf consumed was determined after 24h at 25 and 30C. Results showed that temperature had a significant affect on consumption by both males and females of all the species examined, and it was higher at 30C. The influence of plant species was not significant for C. barbarus barbarus. D. maroccanus and T. viridissima, however, consumed a greater area of potato leaves than of the other species of plants. Females consumed more food than males in all the species tested. The results of the present study provide a first approximation of the area of leaf consumed and the potential loss of foliage these plants might suffer if attacked by the three species of Orthoptera tested.

Keywords: Orthoptera, Calliptamus barbarus barbarus, Dociostaurus maroccanus, Tettigonia viridissima, leaf area consumption

Received: March 8, 2013; Accepted: April 29, 2013; Prepublished online: October 1, 2013; Published: December 1, 2013

Download citation

References

  1. AKMAN GUNDUZ N.E. & GULEL A. 2002: Effect of temperature on development, sexual maturation time, food consumption and body weight of Schistocerca gregaria Forsk. (Orthoptera: Acrididae). - Turk. J. Zool. 26: 223-227
  2. AVILA C.J. & PARRA J.R.P. 2003: Leaf consumption by Diabrotica speciosa (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) adults on different host plants. - Sci. Agric. 60: 789-792 Go to original source...
  3. BAILEY C.G. & MUKERJI M.K. 1976: Consumption and utilization of various host plants by Melanoplus bivittatus Say and M. femurrubrum De Geer (Orthoptera: Acrididae). - Can. J. Zool. 54: 1044-1050 Go to original source...
  4. BARDI C., MARIOTTINI Y., DE WYSIECKI M.L. & LANGE C.E. 2011: Postembryonic development fecundity and food consumption of Dichroplus exilis (Orthoptera: Acrididae) under controlled conditions. - Rev. Biol. Trop. 59: 1579-1587 Go to original source...
  5. BEGON M. 1983: Grasshopper population and weather: the effect of insolation on Chorthippus brunneus. - Ecol. Entomol. 8: 361-370 Go to original source...
  6. BEI-BIENKO G.YA. & MISCHENKO L.L. 1963: Locusts and Grasshoppers of the U.S.S.R. and Adjacent Countries. Part 1. Israel program for scientific translations, 400 pp. (translated from Russian)
  7. BELL A.A. 1986: Physiology of secondary products. In Mauney J.R. & Stewart J. McD. (eds): Cotton Physiology. The Cotton Foundation, Memphis, TN, pp. 597-621
  8. BERNAYS E.A. & CHAPMAN R.F. 1977: Deterrent chemicals as a basis of oligophagy in Locusta migratoria (L). - Ecol. Entomol. 2: 1-18 Go to original source...
  9. BLANCHET E., PAGES C., BLONDIN L., BILLOT C., RIVALLAN R., VASSAL J.M., LECOQ M. & RISTERUCCI A.M. 2010: Isolation of microsatellite markers in the Calliptamus genus (Orthoptera, Acrididae). - J. Insect Sci. 10: Article 133
  10. BLANCHET E., LECOQ M., SWORD G.A., PAGES C., BLONDIN L., BILLOT C., RIVALLAN R., FOUCART A., VASSAL J.M., RISTERUCCI A.M. & CHAPUIS M.P. 2012: Population structures of three Calliptamus spp. (Orthoptera: Acrididae) across the Western Mediterranean Basin. - Eur. J. Entomol. 109: 445-455 Go to original source...
  11. CHAPMAN R.F. 1998: The eggs and embryology. In Chapman R. F. (ed.): The Insects: Structure and Function. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 325-360
  12. COOK A.G. 1977: Nutrient chemicals as phagostimulants for Locusta migratoria (L.). - Ecol. Entomol. 2: 113-121 Go to original source...
  13. DE FARIA M., ALMEIDA D. & MAGALHAES B. 1999: Food consumption of Rhammatocerus schistocercoides Rehn (Orthoptera: Acrididae) infected by the fungus Metarhizium flavoviride Gams & Rozsypal. - An. Soc. Entomol. Bras. 28: 91-99 Go to original source...
  14. DELIORMAN-ORHAN D., ORHAN N., OZCELIK B. & ERGUN F. 2009: Biological activities of Vitis vinifera L. leaves. - Turk. J. Biol. 33: 341-348
  15. EVANS E.W., ROGERS R.A. & OPFERMAN D.J. 1983: Sampling grasshoppers (Orthoptera: Acrididae) on burned and unburned tallgrass prairie: night trapping vs sweeping. - Environ. Entomol. 12: 1449-1454 Go to original source...
  16. FAOSTAT 2012: http://faostat.fao.org. FERRO D.N., LOGAN J.A., VOSS R.H. & ELKINTON J.S. 1985: Colorado potato beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) temperature-dependent growth and feeding rates. - Environ. Entomol. 14: 343-348
  17. GENTRY J.W. 1965: Crop Insects of Northeast Africa - Southwest Asia. Agriculture Handbook No. 273, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington D.C., 210 pp
  18. HEWITT G.B. & ONSAGER R.J. 1983: Control of grasshopper on rangeland in the United States, a perspective. - J. Range Manag. 36: 202-207 Go to original source...
  19. HOEKSTRA A. & BEENAKKERS M.TH. 1976: Consumption, digestion and utilization of various grasses by fifth-instar larvae and adults of migratory locust. - Entomol. Exp. Appl. 19: 130-138 Go to original source...
  20. HOLMBERG R.G. & HARDMAN J.M. 1984: Relating feeding rates to sex and size in six species of grasshoppers (Orthoptera: Acrididae). - Can. Entomol. 116: 597-606 Go to original source...
  21. INGRISCH S. & KOHLER G. 1998: Die Heuschrecken Mitteleuropas. Westarp Wissenschaften, Magdeburg, 460 pp
  22. JOHNSON D.L. & MUNDEL H.H. 1987: Grasshopper feeding rates, preferences, and growth on safflower. - Ann. Appl. Biol. 111: 43-52 Go to original source...
  23. JOHNSON D.L. & PAVLIKOVA E. 1986: Reduction of consumption by grasshoppers (Orthoptera: Acrididae) infected with Nosema locustae Canning (Microsporida: Nosematidae). - J. Invert. Pathol. 48: 232-238 Go to original source...
  24. KOLBE H. & STEPHAN-BECKMANN S. 1997a: Development, growth and chemical composition of the potato crop (Solanum tuberosum L.). I. Leaf and stem. - Potato Res. 40: 111-129 Go to original source...
  25. KOLBE H. & STEPHAN-BECKMANN S. 1997b: Development, growth and chemical composition of the potato crop (Solanum tuberosum L.). II. Tuber and whole plant. - Potato Res. 40: 135-153 Go to original source...
  26. LACTIN J.D. & JOHNSON D.L. 1995: Temperature-dependent feeding rates of Melanoplus sanguinipes nymphs (Orthoptera: Acrididae) in laboratory trials. - Environ. Entomol. 24: 1291-1296 Go to original source...
  27. LATCHININSKY V.A. 1998: Moroccan locust Dociostaurus maroccanus (Thunberg, 1815): a faunistic rarity or an important economic pest? - J. Insect Conserv. 2: 167-178 Go to original source...
  28. LEVESQUE K.R., FORTIN M. & MAUFFETTE Y. 2002: Temperature and food quality effects on growth, consumption and postingestive utilization efficiencies of the forest tent caterpillar Malacosoma disstria (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae). - Bull. Entomol. Res. 92: 127-136 Go to original source...
  29. LOGAN P.A., CASAGRANDE R.A., FAUBERT H.H. & DRUMMOND F.A. 1985: Temperature-dependent development and feeding of immature Colorado potato beetles, Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Say) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). - Envir. Entomol. 14: 275-283 Go to original source...
  30. MARIOTTINI Y., DE WYSIECKI M.L. & LANGE C.E. 2011: Postembryonic development and food consumption of Dichroplus elongates Giglio-Tos and Dichroplus maculipennis (Blanchard) (Orthoptera: Acrididae: Melanoplinae) under laboratory conditions. - Neotrop. Entomol. 40: 190-196 Go to original source...
  31. MCCAFFERY A.R. 1975: Food quality and quantity in relation to egg production in Locusta migratoria. - J. Insect Physiol. 21: 1551-1558 Go to original source...
  32. MCKINLEY K.S. & RANDELL R.L. 1971: Moisture content and the nutritional value of laboratory diets for the migratory grasshopper, Melanoplus sanguinipes (Orthoptera: Acrididae). - Can. Entomol. 103: 657-661 Go to original source...
  33. MILONAS P.G. & SAVOPOULOU-SOULTANI M. 2000: Development, survivorship, and reproduction of Adoxophyes orana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) at constant temperatures. - Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 93: 96-102 Go to original source...
  34. PEDIGO L.P., HUTCHINS S.H. & HIGLEY L.G. 1986: Economic injury levels in theory and practice. - Annu. Rev. Entomol. 31: 341-368 Go to original source...
  35. PELEKASIS K. 1976: Courses of Agricultural Entomology. Vol. A. Morphology Systematic. AGSA, Athens, pp. 219-243
  36. RIFFAT S. & WAGAN M.S. 2007: The effect of food plants on the growth rate, fecundity and survivability of grasshopper Hieroglyphus nigrorepletus I. Bolivar (Orthoptera: Acrididae) a major paddy pest in Pakistan. - J. Biol. Sci. 7: 1282-1286
  37. RYSZKOWSKI L., KARG J., MARGARIT G., PAOLETTI M.G. & GLOTIN R. 1993: Above-ground insect biomass in agricultural landscape of Europe. In Bunce R.G.H., Ryszkowski L. & Paoletti M.G. (eds): Landscape Ecology and Agroecosystems. Lewis, Boca Raton, FL, pp. 71-82
  38. SAS INSTITUTE INC. 2007: JMP, Version 7.0.1. Cary, NC. SCHMIDT G.H. & ALBUTZ R. 1994: Laboratory studies on pheromones and reproduction in the Desert Locust Schistocerca gregaria (Forsk.). - J. Appl. Entomol. 118: 378-391
  39. SHARPE P.J.H., CURRY G.L., DEMICHELE D.W. & COLE C.L. 1977: Distribution model of organism development times. - J. Theor. Biol. 64: 649-670 Go to original source...
  40. SHIELDS E.J., ROUSE D.I. & WYMAN J.A. 1985: Variegated cutworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae): leaf area consumption, feeding site preference and economic injury level calculation for potatoes. - J. Econ. Entomol. 78: 1095-1099 Go to original source...
  41. SHOWER A.T. 1995: Locust (Orthoptera: Acrididae) outbreak in Africa and Asia, 1992-1994: an overview. - Am. Entomol. 41: 179-185 Go to original source...
  42. SMITH D.S. & HOLMES N.D. 1977: The distribution and abundance of adult grasshoppers (Acrididae) in crops in Alberta, 1918-1975. - Can. Entomol. 109: 575-592 Go to original source...
  43. SYED T.S., LAL M., ABRO G.H. & SIDDIQUI S. 2011: Effect of consumption of different hosts on the body weight of surface grasshopper, Chrotogonus trachypterus Lanchard (Orthoptera: Pyrgomorphidae). - Sarhad J. Agric. 27: 245-249
  44. SZOVENYI G. 2002: Qualification of grassland habitats based on their Orthoptera assemblages in the KGzeg Mountains (W-Hungary). - Entomol. Exp. Appl. 104: 159-163 Go to original source...
  45. WALKER M.P., LEWIS C.J. & WHITMAN D.W. 1999: Effects of males on the fecundity and fertility of female Romalea microptera grasshoppers. - J. Orthopt. Res. 8: 277-283 Go to original source...
  46. WANG J. & TSAI J.H. 2000: Effect of temperature on the biology of Aphis spiraecola (Homoptera: Aphididae). - Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 93: 874-883 Go to original source...
  47. WHITMAN D.W. 1986: Developmental thermal requirements for the grasshopper Taeniopoda eques (Orthoptera: Acrididae). - Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 79: 711-714 Go to original source...
  48. WIGGLESWORTH V.B. 1974: The Principles of Insect Physiology. Chapman and Hall, London, 827 pp
  49. WILLEMSE F. & WILLEMSE L. 2008: An annotated checklist of the Orthoptera-Saltatoria from Greece, including an updated bibliography. - Articulata (Beiheft) 13: 1-91
  50. WILLOTT S.J. 1997: Thermoregulation in four species of British grasshoppers (Orthoptera: Acrididae). - Funct. Ecol. 11: 705-713 Go to original source...
  51. WILLOTT S.J. & HASSAL M. 1998: Life-history responses of British grasshoppers (Orthoptera: Acrididae) to temperature change. - Funct. Ecol. 12: 232-241 Go to original source...