Eur. J. Entomol. 110 (4): 593-597, 2013 | 10.14411/eje.2013.080

Coccinellidae captured in blacklight traps: Seasonal and diel pattern of the dominant species Harmonia axyridis (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae)

Christine A. NALEPA
Beneficial Insects Laboratory, Plant Industry Division, North Carolina Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services, 060 Mail Service Center, Raleigh, NC 27699-1060, USA; e-mail: christine.nalepa@ncagr.gov

Two blacklight traps were operated in a non-agricultural setting in Cary, North Carolina, USA, from spring through fall in 2004 and 2005 and all Coccinellidae collected and identified. More than 1300 lady beetles were collected in each of the two years, with Harmonia axyridis dominant (> 98%) and collected consistently over the course of the trapping period. Although other coccinellid species were observed in the vicinity of the traps during photophase, their appearance in blacklight traps was negligible. Harmonia axyridis exhibited a distinct diel periodicity in appearance at the traps, beginning approximately an hour after sunset and ending about midnight. Sunrise and sunset collections from flight interference and sticky traps in a local alfalfa field suggest that H. axyridis may be more flight active during the scotophase than Coleomegilla maculata, Hippodamia convergens, and Coccinella septempunctata. This study supports the suggestion that blacklight traps give a biased depiction of coccinellid species composition in a given area, and indicates that seasonal and circadian thresholds for flight activity, phototaxis, or both in H. axyridis may diverge from those in most other Coccinellidae.

Keywords: Coleoptera, Coccinellidae, Harmonia axyridis, Coleomegilla maculata, Hippodamia convergens, Coccinella septempunctata, blacklight trap, ultraviolet, migration, phototaxis, flight-oogenesis, nocturnal

Received: February 20, 2013; Accepted: May 9, 2013; Prepublished online: October 1, 2013; Published: December 1, 2013

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