Eur. J. Entomol. 110 (3): 545-548, 2013 | DOI: 10.14411/eje.2013.074

Pollination of Sedirea japonica (Orchidaceae) by Bombus diversus diversus (Hymenoptera: Apidae)

Kenji SUETSUGU1, Koji TANAKA2
1 Graduate School of Human and Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Yoshida-Nihonmatsu-cho, Sakyo, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan; e-mail: kenji.suetsugu@gmail.com
2 349 Yamamoto, Minami, Kokura, Kita-Kyushu, Fukuoka 803-0264, Japan; e-mail: colobockle@m3.dion.ne.jp

There are no records of the pollinators of many orchids even though the Orchidaceae are often cited as the example of an intimate relationship between plants and their pollinators. We recorded the insects visiting the flowers of Sedirea japonica that might be pollinators of this species by using digital cameras to take photographs automatically of the flowers. Based on our evidence of pollinia being attached or removed from flowers, we conclude that Sedirea japonica can be pollinated by Bombus diversus diversus.

Keywords: Hymenoptera, Apidae, Bombus, bumblebee, orchid, Sedirea japonica, pollinator, Xylocopa

Received: October 29, 2012; Accepted: January 11, 2013; Published: July 11, 2013

Download citation

References

  1. CHUNG M.Y. & CHUNG M.G. 2003: The breeding systems of Cremastra appendiculata and Cymbidium goeringii: High levels of annual fruit failure in two self-compatible orchids. - Ann. Bot. Fenn. 40: 81-85
  2. COZZOLINO S. & WIDMER A. 2005: Orchid diversity: An evolutionary consequence of deception? - Trends Ecol. Evol. 20: 487-494 Go to original source...
  3. CRIBB P. 1997: The Genus Cypripedium. Timber Press, Oregon, 301 pp
  4. CUI B., MA J., ZHANG X.Y. & YUAN X.Y. 2008: Tissue culture and rapid propagation of Sedirea japonica (Linden et Rchb. f.) Garay et Sweet. - Plant Physiol. Commun. 44: 303
  5. DAFNI A. & IVRI Y. 1981: Floral mimicry between Orchis israelitica Baumann and Dafni (Orchidaceae) and Bellevalia flexuosa Boiss. (Liliaceae). - Oecologia 49: 229-232 Go to original source...
  6. DARWIN C. 1862: The Various Contrivances by which Orchids are Fertilised by Insects. John Murray, London
  7. ENVIRONMENT AGENCY OF JAPAN 2000: Threatened Wildlife of Japan. Red Data Book. Japan Wildlife Research Center, Tokyo, xi + 123 pp. [in Japanese]
  8. FAEGRI K. & VAN DER PIJL L. 1979: The Principles of Pollination Ecology. Pergamon Press, Oxford, 244 pp
  9. GALE S. 2007: Autogamous seed set in a critically endangered orchid in Japan: pollination studies for the conservation of Nervilia nipponica. - Plant Syst. Evol. 268: 59-73. Go to original source...
  10. GARAY L.A. & SWEET H.R. 1974: Orchids of Southern Ryukyu. Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, 180 pp
  11. GIOVANETTI M., CERVERA J.C. & ANDRADE J.L. 2007: Pollinators of an endemic and endangered species, Mammillaria gaumeri (Cactaceae), in its natural habitat (coastal dune) and in a botanical garden. - Madrono 54: 286-292 Go to original source...
  12. GORI D.F. 1989: Floral color change in Lupinus argenteus (Fabaceae): why should plants advertise the location of unrewarding flowers to pollinators? - Evolution 43: 870-881 Go to original source...
  13. IDA T.Y. & KUDO G. 2003: Floral color change in Weigela middendorffiana (Caprifoliaceae): Reduction of geitonogamous pollination by bumble bees. - Am. J. Bot. 90: 1751-1757 Go to original source...
  14. JERSAKOVA J., JOHNSON S.D. & KINDLMANN P. 2006: Mechanisms and evolution of deceptive pollination in orchids. - Biol. Rev. Camb. Philos. Soc. 81: 219-235 Go to original source...
  15. KOCYAN A., VOGEL E.F.D., CONTI E. & GRAVENDEEL B. 2008: Molecular phylogeny of Aerides (Orchidaceae) based on one nuclear and two plastid markers: A step forward in understanding the evolution of the Aeridinae. - Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 48: 422-443 Go to original source...
  16. LI P., HUANG B.Q., PEMBERTON R.W., LUO Y.B. & CHENG J. 2011: Floral display influences male and female reproductive success of the deceptive orchid Phaius delavayi. - Plant Syst. Evol. 296: 21-27 Go to original source...
  17. NEILAND M.R.M. & WILCOCK C.C. 1998: Fruit set, nectar reward, and rarity in the Orchidaceae. - Am. J. Bot. 85: 1657-1671 Go to original source...
  18. NIESENBAUM R.A., PATSELAS M.G. & WEINER S.D. 1999: Does flower color change in Aster vimineus cue pollinators? - Am. Midl. Nat. 141: 59-68 Go to original source...
  19. OBERRATH R. & BOHNING-GAESE K. 1999: Floral color change and the attraction of insect pollinators in lungwort (Pulmonaria collina). - Oecologia 121: 383-391 Go to original source...
  20. RAMIREZ S.R., GRAVENDEEL B., SINGER R.B., MARSHALL C.R. & PIERCE N.E. 2007: Dating the origin of the Orchidaceae from a fossil orchid with its pollinator. - Nature 448: 1042-1045 Go to original source...
  21. ROBERTS D.L. 2003: Pollination biology: the role of sexual reproduction in orchid conservation. In Dixon K.W., Kell S.P., Barrett R.L. & Cribb P.J. (eds): Orchid Conservation. Natural History Publications, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia, pp. 113-136
  22. STPICZYNSKA M., DAVIES K.L. & KAMINSKA M. 2011: Comparative anatomy of the nectary spur in selected species of Aeridinae (Orchidaceae). - Ann. Bot. 107: 327-345 Go to original source...
  23. SUETSUGU K. 2013: Autogamous fruit set in a mycoheterotrophic orchid Cyrtosia septentrionalis. - Plant Syst. Evol. 299: 481-486 Go to original source...
  24. SUETSUGU K. & TANAKA K. 2013: Moths visiting the flowers of orchid Platanthera japonica. - Entomol. News 123: in press Go to original source...
  25. SUGIURA N. 1996: Pollination biology of Cremastra appendiculata var. variabilis (Orchidaceae). - Plant Species Biol. 11: 185-187 Go to original source...
  26. SUGIURA N. & YAMAGUCHI T. 1997: Pollination of Goodyera foliosa var. maximowicziana (Orchidaceae) by the Bumblebee Bombus diversus diversus. - Plant Species Biol. 12: 9-14 Go to original source...
  27. TOPIK H., YUKAWA T. & ITO M. 2005: Molecular phylogenetics of subtribe Aeridinae (Orchidaceae): Insights from plastid matK and nuclear ribosomal ITS sequences. J. Plant Res. 118: 271-284 Go to original source...
  28. TREMBLAY R.L. 1992: Trends in the pollination ecology of the Orchidaceae: evolution and systematics. - Can. J. Bot. 70: 642-650 Go to original source...
  29. TREMBLAY R.L., ACKERMAN J.D., ZIMMERMAN J.K. & CALVO R.N. 2005: Variation in sexual reproduction in orchids and its evolutionary consequences: A spasmodic journey to diversification. - Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 84: 1-54 Go to original source...
  30. TSUTSUMI C., MIYOSHI K., YUKAWA T. & KATO M. 2011: Responses of seed germination and protocorm formation to light intensity and temperature in epiphytic and terrestrial Liparis (Orchidaceae). - Botany 89: 841-848 Go to original source...
  31. WEISS M.R. 1991: Floral colour changes as cues for pollinators. - Nature 354: 227-229 Go to original source...
  32. WEISS M.R. 1995: Floral color change: A widespread functional convergence. - Am. J. Bot. 82: 167-185 Go to original source...
  33. WEISS M.R. 1997: Innate colour preferences and flexible colour learning in the pipevine swallowtail. - Anim. Behav. 53: 1043-1052 Go to original source...
  34. WEISS M.R. & LAMONT B.B. 1997: Floral color change and insect pollination: A dynamic relationship. - Isr. J. Plant Sci. 45: 185-199 Go to original source...
  35. WIDMER A., COZZOLINO S., PELLEGRINO G., SOLIVA M. & DAFNI A. 2000: Molecular analysis of orchid pollinaria and pollinariaremains found on insects. - Mol. Ecol. 9: 1911-1914 Go to original source...