Eur. J. Entomol. 110 (3): 509-517, 2013 | 10.14411/eje.2013.067

Forest moth assemblages as indicators of biodiversity and environmental quality in a temperate deciduous forest

Jeong-Seop AN, Sei-Woong CHOI*
Department of Environmental Education, Mokpo National University, Muan, Jeonnam 534-729, South Korea; e-mails: naneon@nate.com; choisw@mokpo.ac.kr
* Corresponding author.

The aim of the present study was to find groups of moths suitable for estimating changes in the abundance and richness of local and regional biodiversity in a temperate forest. We captured macro-moths from May to October over a 5-year period (2005-2009) at various sites in Mt. Jirisan National Park (JNP) in southern Korea. Six taxa were selected based on a strong correlation between the number of species in these taxa and total number of species of large moths: Ennominae (Enn), Arctiinae (Arc), Hermininae (Her), Notodontidae (Not), Drepanidae (Dre) and Ophiderinae (Oph). Of these, combinations of four groups were found to have the best predictive capability. We determined whether these indicator groups could be used to reveal mean differences in species abundance according to spatial (forest type, altitude) and temporal variables (monsoon season) since moth composition and abundances were closely related with these variables. The mean differences in the groups of moths in the two types of forest (Arc, Dre, Enn, Not), two altitudes (Dre, Enn, Her, Oph) and two seasons (Dre, Enn, Oph) were significant. Overall, it was revealed that a set of four groups, including two taxa (Dre and Enn), could be used to show differences in local and regional biodiversity of moths in southern Korean temperate forest.

Keywords:  Moth, biodiversity, indicators, abundance, richness, temperate deciduous forest, elevation, season

Received: October 4, 2012; Accepted: February 25, 2013; Published: July 11, 2013

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