Eur. J. Entomol. 110 (3): 483-492, 2013 | DOI: 10.14411/eje.2013.064

High-altitude migration of Heteroptera in Britain

Don R. REYNOLDS1,2, Bernard S. NAU3, Jason W. CHAPMAN2,4
1 Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich, Chatham, Kent ME4 4TB, UK; e-mail: D.Reynolds@greenwich.ac.uk
2 Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Hertfordshire AL5 2JQ, UK
3 15 Park Hill, Toddington, Bedfordshire LU5 6AW, UK
4 Environment and Sustainability Institute, University of Exeter, Penryn, Cornwall TR10 9EZ, UK

Heteroptera caught during day and night sampling at a height of 200 m above ground at Cardington, Bedfordshire, UK, during eight summers (1999, 2000, and 2002-2007) were compared to high-altitude catches made over the UK and North Sea from the 1930s to the 1950s. The height of these captures indicates that individuals were engaged in windborne migration over distances of at least several kilometres and probably tens of kilometres. This conclusion is generally supported by what is known of the species' ecologies, which reflect the view that the level of dispersiveness is associated with the exploitation of temporary habitats or resources. The seasonal timing of the heteropteran migrations is interpreted in terms of the breeding/overwintering cycles of the species concerned.

Keywords: Heteropteran bugs, aerial sampling, windborne migration, atmospheric transport, life-history strategies, seasonal cycles

Received: December 5, 2012; Accepted: February 28, 2013; Published: July 11, 2013

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