Eur. J. Entomol. 110 (3): 477-482, 2013 | DOI: 10.14411/eje.2013.063

A new method for the release of Amblyseius andersoni (Acari: Phytoseiidae) in young apple orchards

Árpád SZABÓ, Béla PÉNZES
Corvinus University of Budapest, Faculty of Horticultural Science, Department of Entomology, Budapest, Hungary; e-mails: arpad.szabo@uni-corvinus.hu; bela.penzes@uni-corvinus.hu

The use of phytoseiid species in biological plant protection is widespread. However, the techniques used to release them differ. The possible release of Amblyseius andersoni (Chant, 1959) using a new method was tested. High numbers of this mite overwinter in the ground litter in Hungarian orchards. By transferring such ground litter to plots in young orchards, the population density was found to be significantly increased in the release compared to control plots; A. andersoni became the dominant phytoseiid species in the new orchard. Due to the rate at which it spreads, this species was also recorded in the control plots towards the end of the growing season (Aug., Sept.), at which time there was no significant difference in the numbers of this species in the treated and control plots. In the winter following release, A. andersoni was found in the ground litter of the orchard.

Keywords: Acari, Phytoseiidae, Amblyseius andersoni, mite release, apple, mite management

Received: August 13, 2012; Accepted: January 21, 2013; Published: July 11, 2013

Download citation

References

  1. BROUFAS G.D., KOVEOS D.S. & GEORGATSIS D.I. 2002: Overwintering sites and winter mortality of Euseius finlandicus (Acari: Phytoseiidae) in a peach orchard in northern Greece. - Exp. Appl. Acarol. 26: 1-12 Go to original source...
  2. CHANT D.A. 1959: Phytoseiid mites (Acarina: Phytoseiidae). Part I. Bionomics of seven species in southeastern England. - Can. Entomol. 12: 5-44
  3. CHANT D.A. & MCMURTRY J.A. 1994: A review of the subfamilies Phytoseiinae and Typhlodrominae (Acari: Phytoseiidae). - Int. J. Acarol. 20: 223-316 Go to original source...
  4. CROFT B.A. 1994: Biological control of apple mites by a phytoseiid mite complex and Zetzellia mali (Acari: Stigmaeidae): long-term effects and impact of azinphosmethyl on colonization by Amblyseius andersoni (Acari: Phytoseiidae). - Environ. Entomol. 23: 1317-1325 Go to original source...
  5. CROFT B.A. & MACRAE I.V. 1992: Biological control of apple mites by mixed populations of Metaseiulus occidentalis (Nesbitt) and Typhlodromus pyri Scheuten (Acari: Phytoseiidae). - Environ. Entomol. 22: 865-873 Go to original source...
  6. CROFT B.A., MESSING R.H., DUNLEY J.E. & STRONG W.B. 1993: Effects of humidity on eggs and immatures of Neoseiulus fallacis, Amblyseius andersoni, Metaseiulus occidentalis and Typhlodromus pyri (Phytoseiidae): implications for biological control on apple, caneberry, strawberry and hop. - Exp. Appl. Acarol. 17: 451-459 Go to original source...
  7. CROFT B.A., KIM S.S. & KIM D.I. 1995: Leaf residency and interleaf movement of four phytoseiid mites (Acari: Phytoseiidae) on apple. - Environ. Entomol. 24: 1344-1351 Go to original source...
  8. DUSO C. 1989: Role of the predatory mites Amblyseius aberrans (Oud.), Typhlodromus pyri Scheuten and Amblyseius andersoni (Chant) (Acari, Phytoseiidae) in vineyards. I. The effect of single or mixed phytoseiid population releases on spider mite densities (Acari, Tetranychidae). - J. Appl. Entomol. 107: 474-492 Go to original source...
  9. DUSO C. 1992: Biological control of tetranychid mites in peach orchards of northern Italy: Role of Amblyseius finlandicus (Oud.) (Acari: Phytoseiidae). - Acta Phytopathol. Entomol. Hungar. 27: 211-217
  10. DUSO C. & PASINI M. 2003: Distribution of the predatory mite Amblyseius andersoni (Acari: Phytoseiidae) on different apple cultivars. - Anz. Schaedlingsk. - J. Pest Sci. 76: 33-40 Go to original source...
  11. DUSO C. & VETTORAZZO E. 1999: Mite population dynamics on different grape varieties with or without phytoseiids released (Acari: Phytoseiidae). - Exp. Appl. Acarol. 23: 741-763 Go to original source...
  12. DUSO C., CAMPORESE P. & VAN DER GEEST L.P.S. 1992: Toxicity of a number of pesticides to strains of Typhlodromus pyri and Amblyseius andersoni (Acari: Phytoseiidae). - Entomophaga 37: 363-372 Go to original source...
  13. EASTERBROOK M.A. 1992: The possibilities for control of twospotted spider mite Tetranychus urticae on field-grown strawberries in the UK by predatory mites. - Biocontr. Sci. Technol. 2: 235-245 Go to original source...
  14. HEGYI T., MOLNAR J. & FOLDES L.SZ. 2003: Ragadozoatkak dominancia-viszonyai Szabolcs-Szatmar-Bereg megye almaueltetvenyeiben. [The species of predatory mites in apple orchards in the County of Szabolcs-Szatmar-Bereg.] - Kertgazdasag 35: 5-9 [in Hungarian, English abstr.]
  15. IVANCICH GAMBARO P. 1988: Natural alternative food for Amblyseius andersoni Chant (Acarina: Phytoseiidae) on plants without prey. - Redia 71: 161-171
  16. JOHNSON D.T. & CROFT B.A. 1981: Dispersal of Amblyseius fallacis (Acarina: Phytoseiidae) in apple ecosystem. - Environ. Entomol. 10: 313-319 Go to original source...
  17. KARG W. 1993: Phytoseioidea. In Karg W. (ed.): Raubmilben (Die Tierwelt Deutschlands). Gustav Fischer, Jena, pp. 170-254
  18. KOMLOVSZKY SZ.I. & JENSER G. 1987: The frequent occurrence of the predatory mites Amblyseius finlandicus Oudemans and Phytoseius plumifer Canestrini et Fanzago on fruit trees. - NGvenyvedelem 23: 193-201 [in Hungarian, English abstr.]
  19. MARSHALL D.B. & LESTER P.J. 2001: The transfer of Typhlodromus pyri on grape leaves for biological control of Panonychus ulmi (Acari: Phytoseiidae, Tetranychidae) in vineyards in Ontario, Canada. - Biol. Contr. 20: 228-235 Go to original source...
  20. MCGROARTRY D.L. & CROFT B.A. 1978: Sampling the density and distribution of Amblyseius fallacis (Acarina: Phytoseiidae) in the ground cover of Michigan apple orchards. - Can. Entomol. 110: 785-794 Go to original source...
  21. MOLNAR GY.J. & MAJER J. 1999: The release of predatory mites into vineyards of Badacsony. - Kerteszet es Szoleszet 48: 26-28 [in Hungarian]
  22. OVERMEER W.P.J. 1985: Diapause. In Helle W. & Sabelis M.W. (eds): Spider Mites, their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control. Vol. 1b. Elsevier, Amsterdam, Oxford, New York, Tokyo, pp. 95-102
  23. POZZEBON A., DUSO C. & PAVANETTO E. 2002: Side effects of some fungicides on phytoseiid mites (Acari, Phytoseiidae) in north-Italian vineyards. - J. Pest Sci. 5: 132-136
  24. PUTMAN W.L. 1959: Hibernation sites of phytoseiids (Acarina: Phytoseiidae) in Ontario peach orchards. - Can. Entomol. 91: 735-741 Go to original source...
  25. RAWORTH D.A., FAUVEL G. & AUGER P. 1994: Location, reproduction and movement of Neoseiulus californicus (Acari: Phytoseiidae) during the autumn, winter and spring in orchards in the south of France. - Exp. Appl. Acarol. 18: 593-602 Go to original source...
  26. SCHAUSBERGER P. & CROFT B.A. 1999: Activity, feeding, and development among larvae of specialist and generalist phytoseiid mite species (Acari: Phytoseiidae). - Environ. Entomol. 28: 322-329 Go to original source...
  27. SEKRECKA M. & NIEMCZYK E. 2006: Introducing Typhlodromus pyri (Phytoseiidae) into apple orchards in Poland. - J. Fruit Ornam. Plant Res. 14: 203-207
  28. SOLOMON M.G., CROSS J.V., FITZ GERALD J.D., CAMPBELL C., JOLLY R.L., OLSZAK R.W., NIEMCZYK E. & VOGT H. 2000: Biocontrol of pests of apples and pears in northern and central Europe - 3. Predators. - Biocontr. Sci. Technol. 10: 91-128 Go to original source...
  29. SZABO A. & PENZES B. 2007: Overwintering predatory mites in apple orchard. 28. In: Integralt termesztes a kerteszeti es szantofGldi kulturakban, 27. november 2007. [Proc. Conference of Integrated Plant Production in Horticultural and Arable Crops, 27 November 2007.] Mezogazdasagi Szakigazgatasi Hivatal KGzpont, NGveny-, Talaj- es AgrarkGrnyezet-vedelmi Igazgatosag, Budapest, pp. 57-60. [in Hungarian].
  30. VEERMAN A. 1992: Diapause in phytoseiid mites: a review. Exp. Appl. Acarol. 14: 1-60 Go to original source...
  31. WAINSTEIN B.A. 1972: New species of the family Phytoseiidae (Parasitiformes). - Zool. Zh. 51: 1407-1411 [in Russian]
  32. ZACHARDA M. 1989: Seasonal history of Typhlodromus pyri (Acari: Mesostigmata: Phytoseiidae) in a commercial apple orchard in Czechoslovakia. - Exp. Appl. Acarol. 6: 307-325 Go to original source...
  33. ZACHARDA M. & HLUCHY M. 1997: Biological control of the two-spotted spider mite Tetranychus urticae on strawberries by the predatory phytoseiid mite Typhlodromus pyri (Acari, Tetranychidae, Phytoseiidae). - Exp. Appl. Acarol. 20: 83-94 Go to original source...