Eur. J. Entomol. 110 (2): 379-382, 2013 | 10.14411/eje.2013.049

Phylogenetic relatedness of Erebia medusa and E. epipsodea (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) confirmed

Martina ŠEMELÁKOVÁ1, Peter PRISTAŠ2,3, Ľubomír PANIGAJ4
1 Institute of Biology and Ecology, Department of Cellular Biology, Faculty of Science, Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice, Moyzesova 11, 041 54 Košice, Slovakia; e-mail: martina.semelakova@upjs.sk
2 Institute of Animal Physiology, Slovak Academy of Science, Soltesovej 4-6, 040 01 Košice, Slovakia
3 Department of Biology and Ecology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Matej Bel University, Tajovskeho 40, 841 04 Banská Bystrica, Slovakia
4 Institute of Biology and Ecology, Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice, Moyzesova 11, 041 54 Košice, Slovakia

The extensive genus Erebia is divided into several groups of species according to phylogenetic relatedness. The species Erebia medusa was assigned to the medusa group and E. epipsodea to the alberganus group. A detailed study of the morphology of their copulatory organs indicated that these species are closely related and based on this E. epipsodea was transferred to the medusa group. Phylogenetic analyses of the gene sequences of mitochondrial cytochrome C oxidase subunit I (COI) and mitochondrial NADH dehydrogenase subunit 1 (ND1) confirm that E. medusa and E. epipsodea are closely related. A possible scenario is that the North American species, E. episodea, evolved after exclusion/isolation from E. medusa, whose current centre of distribution is in Europe.

Keywords: Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Erebia medusa, E. epipsodea, mtDNA, COI, ND1

Received: May 31, 2012; Accepted: November 20, 2012; Published: April 11, 2013

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