Eur. J. Entomol. 110 (1): 109-113, 2013 | DOI: 10.14411/eje.2013.015

Temperature dependent functional response of Diaeretiella rapae (Hymenoptera: Aphidiidae) to the cabbage aphid, Brevicoryne brassicae (Hemiptera: Aphididae)

Hamid R.S. MOAYERI1,2, Hossein MADADI3, Hossein POURASKARI1, Annie ENKEGAARD4
1 Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Zanjan University, Iran; e-mail: Hamidsarrafm@gmail.com
2 Research Institute of Physiology and Biotechnology, Zanjan University, Iran; e-mail: Moayeri@ znu.ac.ir
3 Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Bu-Ali Sina University, Iran; e-mail: hmadadi@basu.ac.ir
4 Department of Agroecology, Science and Technology, Aarhus University, Research Centre Flakkebjerg, 4200 Slagelse, Denmark; e-mail: Annie.Enkegaard@agrsci.dk

Diaeretiella rapae MacIntosh (Hymenoptera: Aphidiidae) is one of the most common and successful parasitoids of the cabbage aphid. The functional response of D. rapae towards cabbage aphids was examined in laboratory studies at three constant temperatures, 17C, 25C and 30C. D. rapae exhibited a type II functional response at all three temperatures. The search rates were uninfluenced by temperature whereas handling times differed significantly between 17C and 25C, and between 17C and 30C, but not between 25C and 30C. This study is a first-step in the evaluation of the effectiveness of D. rapae as a biocontrol agent of Brevicoryne brassicae at different temperatures.

Keywords: Hymenoptera, Aphidiidae, Diaeretiella rapae, Hemiptera, Aphididae, Brevicoryne brassicae, searching, handling time, functional response, biological control

Received: May 2, 2012; Accepted: July 11, 2012; Published: January 2, 2013

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