Eur. J. Entomol. 110 (1): 47-54, 2013 | DOI: 10.14411/eje.2013.006

Gas exchange patterns in Platynus assimilis (Coleoptera: Carabidae): Respiratory failure induced by a pyrethroid

Irja KIVIMÄGI1,2, Aare KUUSIK1, Angela PLOOMI1, Luule METSPALU1, Katrin JÕGAR1, Ingrid H. WILLIAMS1, Ivar SIBUL2, Külli HIIESAAR1, Anne LUIK1, Marika MÄND1
1 Institute of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Kreutzwaldi 1, Tartu 51014, Estonia; e-mails: irja.kivimagi@emu.ee; aare.kuusik@emu.ee; angela.ploomi@emu.ee; luule.metspalu@emu.ee; katrin.jogar@emu.ee; ingrid.williams@emu.ee; kylli.hiiesaar@emu.ee; anne.luik@emu.ee; marika.mand@emu.ee
2 Institute of Forestry and Rural Engineering, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Kreutzwaldi 5, Tartu 51014, Estonia; e-mail: ivar.sibul@emu.ee

Discontinuous gas exchange (DGE) is the main (23 individuals) breathing mode in resting adult Platynus assimilis. Few of the beetles tested (13 individuals) displayed a pattern of cyclic gas exchange or CGE. The burst of CO2 release in DGE and CGE was always accompanied by abdominal pumping (active ventilation or V). Seven individuals displayed a pattern of continuous respiration, characterized by regular abdominal pumping. Resting metabolic rate (RMR) in continuously breathing beetles was higher than in those using DGE and CGE. After treatment with sub-lethal doses of alpha-cypermethrin DGE ceased. Treated beetles were characterized by continuous pumping and almost regular periods of activity. RMR increased significantly after treatment with a pyrethroid.

Keywords: Carabidae, Platynus assimilis, alpha-cypermethrin, resting metabolic rate, non-target, respiration

Received: May 28, 2012; Accepted: August 17, 2012; Published: January 2, 2013

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