Eur. J. Entomol. 110 (1): 31-37, 2013 | DOI: 10.14411/eje.2013.004

Developmental temperature, body size and male mating success in fruit flies, Drosophila melanogaster (Diptera: Drosophilidae)

Sofija PAVKOVIĆ-LUČIĆ, Vladimir KEKIĆ
University of Belgrade, Faculty of Biology, Institute of Zoology, Studentski trg 16, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia; e-mails: sofija@bio.bg.ac.rs; kekic@eunet.rs

Body size is one of the most investigated traits in studies of sexual selection in fruit flies of the genus Drosophila. In D. melanogaster, size has often been correlated with male mating success, i.e. larger males were more successful in achieving copulations both in laboratory and field conditions. In the present paper, we investigated if male body size is a sexually selected trait in competitive conditions, when full-sibs that developed at two different temperatures (18 and 25°C) competed for females. Males developed at a lower temperature were significantly larger than those reared at a higher temperature, but they were not more successful in mating. We conclude that when body size is significantly induced by temperature variability, it is not correlated with male mating success.

Keywords: Drosophilidae, developmental temperature, body size, mating success, Drosophila melanogaster

Received: November 29, 2011; Accepted: August 6, 2012; Published: January 2, 2013

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