Eur. J. Entomol. 109 (4): 569-577, 2012 | DOI: 10.14411/eje.2012.071

An improved lure for trapping the bark beetle Dendroctonus armandi (Coleoptera: Scolytinae)

Shou-An XIE, Shu-Jie LV
College of Forestry, Northwest A & F University, Taicheng Rd 3, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, P.R. China; e-mails: shouanxie@126.com; shujielv@tom.com

The pine bark beetle, Dendroctonus armandi, is a native pest restricted to forests in the Qinling Mountains in China. There was an outbreak of this species there that affected over 0.36 million hectares of pine forest. We hypothesized that there are differences between the numbers of beetles captured by traps baited with various combinations of candidate semiochemicals extracted from the hindguts of D. armandi. In order to determine whether a better operational lure could be developed for D. armandi, we analyzed the volatiles in extracts of the hindgut of D. armandi and tested various combinations of candidate semiochemicals. The GC-MS and GC-FID analyses of volatiles in the extracts of the hindguts of D. armandi collected at different stages of the attack revealed that they are mainly a-pinene, b-caryophyllene and (+)-3-carene with minor amounts of myrcene, limonene, verbenol and verbenone. We tested various combinations of these candidate semiochemicals in order to determine an optimal blend. Our results suggest that the addition of b-caryophyllene to either a-pinene, or blends of a-pinene and other candidate semiochemicals, significantly enhanced the attractiveness of the lures for D. armandi. Field trapping experiments indicated that the blends that included b-caryophyllene, myrcene and other candidate semiochemicals resulted in significantly higher trap catches (161-243% higher) than a-pinene alone. Therefore, a simple lure consisting of a-pinene and b-caryophyllene would be an optimal blend for D. armandi. We conclude that this blend of semiochemicals may provide a better method of reducing the numbers of D. armandi in forest ecosystem.

Keywords: Coleoptera, Scolytidae, Dendroctonus armandi, semiochemicals, GC-MS and GC-FID, analyses, trap, Pinus armandi

Received: October 30, 2011; Accepted: June 6, 2012; Published: October 5, 2012

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