Eur. J. Entomol. 109 (3): 345-352, 2012 | DOI: 10.14411/eje.2012.045

Aphid-plant interactions affect the suitability of Myzus spp. as prey for the two spot ladybird, Adalia bipunctata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae)

Mohammad A. JALALI1, J.P. MICHAUD*,2
1 Department of Crop Protection, Agriculture College, Vali-e-Asr University of Rafsanjan, Rafsanjan, Iran
2 Agricultural Research Center-Hays, Department of Entomology, 1232 240 th Ave., Hays, Kansas, 67601, USA; e-mail: jpmi@ksu.edu

A laboratory study was conducted to examine tritrophic effects on the suitability of the peach-potato aphid, Myzus persicae (Sulzer), and tobacco aphid, Myzus persicae nicotianae (Blackman & Eastop), as prey for the two spot ladybird, Adalia bipunctata (L.), when the aphids were reared on either sweet pepper or tobacco. Significant host plant-aphid interactions were evident for every component of development (juvenile survival, developmental time, adult mass at emergence) and reproduction (pre-oviposition period, fecundity, fertility). By almost all measures, the suitability of each aphid species was improved by rearing on its host plant of origin and diminished by rearing on the alternative host plant. The symmetry of the interactions are suggestive of both positive and negative host plant effects on aphid suitability as prey. Whereas M. p. nicotianae may be better able than M. persicae to detoxify the nicotine that is likely responsible for the reduced suitability of M. persicae when reared on tobacco, it appears to have lower nutritive value for A. bipunctata than M. persicae when reared on pepper. Thus, population parameters (R0, rm, l and DT) derived from performance data indicated that M. persicae reared on sweet pepper was the most suitable prey and that the same species reared on tobacco was the least suitable, with other host plant-aphid combinations intermediate.

Keywords: Coccinellidae, Adalia bipunctata, Capsicum annuum, development, Myzus persicae, Myzus persicae nicotianae, Nicotiana tabacum, reproduction, tritrophic effects

Received: December 31, 2011; Accepted: February 29, 2012; Published: July 2, 2012

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