Eur. J. Entomol. 109 (3): 303-316, 2012 | 10.14411/eje.2012.040

Immunomodulation in insects post-treatment with abiotic agents: A review

El-Sayed H. SHAURUB
Department of Entomology, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, G iza 12613, Egypt; e-mail: sayedshaurub@yahoo.com

The effects of different abiotic agents that may modulate the activity of an insect's immune system are reviewed. These agents include insecticides, chitin synthesis inhibitors, juvenile hormone analogues, inert particles, antibiotics, heavy metals, radiation and miscellaneous substances. The significance of studying immunomodulation in insects treated with abiotic agents in relation to both insect control and insect-borne parasitic diseases and the link between immunomodulation in insects post-treatment with both abiotic and biotic agents are discussed.

Keywords: Insects, insecticides, chitin synthesis inhibitors, juvenile hormone analogues, inert particles, antibiotics, heavy metals, radiation, immunomodulation

Received: November 21, 2011; Accepted: February 9, 2012; Published: July 2, 2012

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