Eur. J. Entomol. 109 (1): 35-46, 2012 | 10.14411/eje.2012.006

The role of mosaicity of the post-agriculture area of the Kampinos National Park in determining the diversity of species of spider wasps (Hymenoptera: Pompilidae)

Katarzyna SZCZEPKO1, Andrzej KRUK*,2, Maciej BARTOS1
1 Department of Didactics in Biology and Biodiversity Studies, Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of LódĽ, 1/3 Banacha Str., 90-237 LódĽ, Poland; e-mails: kawa@biol.uni.lodz.pl, bartos@biol.uni.lodz.pl
2 Department of Ecology and Vertebrate Zoology, Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of LódĽ, 12/16 Banacha Str., 90-237 LódĽ, Poland; e-mail: a.kruk@biol.uni.lodz.pl

From 2000 to 2006 a total of 52 CPUE samples of spider wasps (Hymenoptera: Pompilidae) were collected in the mosaic landscape of the Kampinos National Park (Poland), which is a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve. The hypothesis tested was that both pompilid species richness and abundance is positively associated with spatial heterogeneity. The patterns in spider wasp assemblages were identified using a Kohonen artificial neural network (i.e., self-organizing map). The highest numbers and greatest species richness of pompilids were recorded at sites in open habitats, especially those located on dry soils that are the preferred nesting sites of ground nesting (endogeic) spider wasps. However, pompilid distribution depended not only on the character of a sampling site, but also its location in a mosaic of habitats. The highest values of pompilid abundance and species richness were also recorded at sites surrounded by several different habitats. Both parameters were lower at sites in more homogenous areas, where there were fewer habitats within the flight ranges of spider wasps. A group of three "cultural species" (Agenioideus cinctellus, A. sericeus and Auplopus carbonarius) was identified that is significantly associated with wooden buildings. The results of this study are thus consistent with the concept that habitat heterogeneity enhances faunal diversity, as each type of habitat, including anthropogenic ones, potentially contributes to a wider range of available resources.

Keywords: Hymenoptera, predatory Aculeata, Pompilidae, UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve, habitat heterogeneity, nesting behaviour, bioindication, self-organizing map, Kohonen artificial neural network

Received: April 18, 2011; Accepted: August 12, 2011; Published: January 3, 2012

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