Eur. J. Entomol. 108 (4): 705-709, 2011 | 10.14411/eje.2011.090

Differences in the sugar composition of the honeydew of polyphagous brown soft scale Coccus hesperidum (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha: Coccoidea) feeding on various host plants

Katarzyna GOLAN1, Agnieszka NAJDA2
1 Department of Entomology, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Leszczyńskiego 7, 20-069 Lublin, Poland; e-mail: katarzyna.golan@up.lublin.pl
2 Department of Vegetable and Medicinal Plants, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Leszczyńskiego 58, 20-068 Lublin, Poland

Plant chemical composition is an important determinant of host plant-insect interactions. For many insects sugars are the main factors determining the acceptability of a plant. This study investigated changes in plant chemical composition and differences in sugar composition of different host plants induced by the feeding of Coccus hesperidum L. (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha: Coccoidea). Present in plant extracts and honeydew there were three monosaccharide sugars: glucose, fructose and arabinose, and one disaccharide - sucrose. Arabinose was only found in extracts of Ficus benjamina plants. The sugar content of the honeydew was greater than in the extracts of control plants and lower than that in the extracts of infested plants. The honeydew collected from C. hesperidum feeding on the three plant species differed significantly in sugar content. Extracts of coccid infested plants of the three species used in this study contained more sugar than the un-infested control plants. The results show that honeydew composition of scale insects differ and the differences reflect the chemical composition of the host plants.

Keywords: Coccoidea, Coccus hesperidum, brown scale insects, honeydew, host plants, soft scale, sugar composition

Received: January 19, 2011; Accepted: July 7, 2011; Published: October 3, 2011

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