Eur. J. Entomol. 108 (4): 677-685, 2011 | 10.14411/eje.2011.086

New stem-Phasmatodea from the Middle Jurassic of China

Liangjie SHANG1, Olivier BÉTHOUX2, Dong REN*,1
1 College of Life Science, Capital Normal University, 105 Xisanhuanbeilu, Haidian District, Beijing 100048, China; e-mail: rendong@mail.cnu.edu.cn
2 40 rue d'Aveillans, 8770 La Motte d'Aveillans, France; e-mail: obethoux@yahoo.fr

Adjacivena rasnitsyni gen. n., sp. n., from the Middle Jurassic Jiulongshan Formation (Daohugou Village, Inner Mongolia, China), is described based on a set of well-preserved specimens, interpreted as two females and a male of the same species. The new taxon is assigned to the family Susumaniidae, i.e. is a candidate stem-Phasmatodea. This ordinal assignment is supported by genital elements, chiefly a putative operculum concealing the ovipositor observed in one female specimen and a putative extension of the 10th tergum with a thorn pad in the male specimen. Variation in the venation of the forewing is appreciated based on more or less complete pairs of wings and a comparison with that in the forewings of male Heteropteryx dilatata (Parkinson, 1798). This material offers new perspectives on the primary homologies of the hind wing venation of stick-insects.

Keywords: Adjacivena rasnitsyni gen. n., sp. n., Phasmatodea, Susumaniidae, Heteropteryx dilatata, China, Daohugou, intra-specific variability, sexual dimorphism, fossil, Middle Jurassic

Received: January 17, 2011; Accepted: June 20, 2011; Published: October 3, 2011

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