Eur. J. Entomol. 108 (4): 615-622, 2011 | DOI: 10.14411/eje.2011.080

Abundance and species richness of overwintering ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) are higher in the edge than in the centre of a woodlot

Anthony ROUME1, Annie OUIN2, Laurent RAISON1, Marc DECONCHAT1
1 INRA, UMR 1201 Dynafor, INRA / INP-ENSAT / INP-EIPurpan, BP 52627, F-31326 Castanet Tolosan, France; e-mails: anthony.roume@toulouse.inra.fr; laurent.raison@toulouse.inra.fr; marc.deconchat@toulouse.inra.fr
2 Université de Toulouse, UMR 1201 Dynafor, INRA / INP-ENSAT / INP-EIPurpan, BP 32607,
3 1326 Castanet Tolosan, France; e-mail: ouin@ensat.fr

Semi-natural habitats are key components of rural landscapes because they shelter a significant number of overwintering arthropods that are beneficial to agriculture. However, woodlots are semi-natural habitats with high patch-level heterogeneity and this aspect has been poorly studied. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of woodlot heterogeneity on overwintering ground beetles. Woodlot heterogeneity was characterized in terms of distance from the woodlot boundary and date of the most recent logging operation. We used emergence traps to quantify the population density of ground beetles that overwintered in the different parts of the woodlot. In woodlot edges the densities and species richness of ground beetles were significantly higher than in the rest of the woodlot. Ground beetles that are active in crop fields overwintered in the edges but not in the inner zone of the woodlot. Species assemblages of ground beetles overwintering in the edges were highly diverse. The date of the most recent logging operation did not explain the distribution of ground beetles that overwintered in the woodlot. Our results show that woodlots, and in particular their edges, are used as a winter shelter by ground beetles that spend part of their life in crops, which potentially favours biological control in adjacent crop fields.

Keywords: Beneficial arthropods, Coleoptera, Carabidae, hibernation, emergence trap, woodlot, boundary, edge, logging

Received: January 17, 2011; Accepted: May 9, 2011; Published: October 3, 2011

Download citation

References

  1. ANDERSEN A. 1997: Densities of overwintering carabids and staphylinids (Col., Carabidae and Staphylinidae) in cereal and grass fields and their boundaries. J. Appl. Entomol. 121: 77-80 Go to original source...
  2. ASTERAKI E.J. 1993: The potential of carabid beetles to control slugs in grass/clover swards. Entomophaga 38: 193-198 Go to original source...
  3. BAKER S.C., BARMUTA L.A., MCQUILLAN P.B. & RICHARDSON A.M.M. 2007: Estimating edge effects on ground-dwelling beetles at clearfelled non-riparian stand edges in Tasmanian wet eucalypt forest. For. Ecol. Manag. 239: 92-101 Go to original source...
  4. BEDFORD S.E. & USHER M.B. 1994: Distribution of arthropod species across the margins of farm woodlands. Agr. Ecosyst. Environ. 48: 295-305 Go to original source...
  5. BENJAMINI Y. & HOCHBERG Y. 1995: Controlling the false discovery rate: a practical and powerful approach to multiple testing. 57: 289-300
  6. BIANCHI F.J.J.A., BOOIJ C.J.H. & TSCHARNTKE T. 2006: Sustainable pest regulation in agricultural landscapes: a review on landscape composition, biodiversity and natural pest control. Proc. R. Soc. (B) 273: 1715-1727 Go to original source...
  7. DECONCHAT M. 2001: Effets des techniques d'exploitation forestiere sur l'etat de surface du sol. Ann. For. Sci. 58: 653-661 Go to original source...
  8. DENNIS P., THOMAS M.B. & SOTHERTON N.W. 1994: Structural features of field boundaries which influence the overwintering densities of beneficial arthropod predators. J. Appl. Ecol. 31: 361-370 Go to original source...
  9. DU BUS DE WARNAFFE G. & DUFRENE M. 2004: To what extent can management variables explain species assemblages? A study of carabid beetles in forests. Ecography 27: 701-714 Go to original source...
  10. DU BUS DE WARNAFFE G., DECONCHAT M., LADET S. & BALENT G. 2006: Variability of cutting regimes in small private woodlots of south-western France. Ann. For. Sci. 63: 915-927 Go to original source...
  11. GEIGER F., WACKERS F. & BIANCHI F.J.J.A. 2009: Hibernation of predatory arthropods in semi-natural habitats. BioControl 54: 529-535 Go to original source...
  12. HONEK A., MARTINKOVA Z. & JAROSIK V. 2003: Ground beetles (Carabidae) as seed predators. Eur. J. Entomol. 100: 531-544 Go to original source...
  13. HURKA K. 1996: Carabidae of the Czech and Slovak Republics. Kabourek, Zlin, 565 pp
  14. IDINGER J. & KROMP B. 1997: Ground photoeclector evaluation of different arthropod groups in unfertilized, inorganic and compost-fertilized cereal fields in eastern Austria. Biol. Agric. Hortic. 15: 171-176 Go to original source...
  15. JEANNEL R. 1942: Coleopteres carabiques, I and II. Federation Francaise des Societes de Sciences Naturelles, Paris, 1171 pp
  16. JUKES M.R., PEACE A.J. & FERRIS R. 2001: Carabid beetle communities associated with coniferous plantations in Britain: the influence of site, ground vegetation and stand structure. For. Ecol. Manag. 148: 271-286 Go to original source...
  17. KROMP B. 1999: Carabid beetles in sustainable agriculture: a review on pest control efficacy, cultivation impacts and enhancement. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 74: 187-228 Go to original source...
  18. LANDIS D.A., WRATTEN S.D. & GURR G.M. 2000: Habitat management to conserve natural enemies of arthropod pests in agriculture. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 45: 175-201 Go to original source...
  19. LUFF M.L. 2002: Carabid assemblage organization and species composition. In Holland J.M. (ed.): The Agroecology of Carabid Beetles. Intercept, Andover, pp. 41-79
  20. MAGURA T. 2002: Carabids and forest edge: spatial pattern and edge effect. For. Ecol. Manag. 157: 23-37 Go to original source...
  21. MAGURA T., TOTHMERESZ B. & MOLNAR T. 2001: Forest edge and diversity: carabids along forest-grassland transetcs. Biodivers. Conserv. 10: 287-300 Go to original source...
  22. MURCIA C. 1995: Edge effects in fragmented forests - implications for conservation. Trends Ecol. Evol. 10: 58-62 Go to original source...
  23. NIEMELA J.K. & SPENCE J.R. 1994: Distribution of forest dwelling carabids (Coleoptera) - spatial scale and the concept of communities. Ecography 17: 166-175 Go to original source...
  24. NIEMELA J., HAILA Y. & PUNTILLA P. 1996: The importance of small-scale heterogeneity in boreal forests: variation in diversity in forest-floor invertebrates across the succession gradient. Ecography 19: 352-368 Go to original source...
  25. PAQUIN P. 2008: Carabid beetle (Coleoptera: Carabidae) diversity in the black spruce succession of eastern Canada. Biol. Conserv. 141: 261-275 Go to original source...
  26. PFIFFNER L. & LUKA H. 2000: Overwintering of arthropods in soils of arable fields and adjacent semi-natural habitats. Agric. Ecosyt. Environ. 78: 215-222 Go to original source...
  27. PIZZOLOTTO R., BRANDMAYR P. & MAZZEI A. 2005: Carabid beetles in a mediterranean region: biogeographical and ecological features. In LGvei G.L. & Toft S. (eds): Proceedings of the 11th European Carabidologists' Meeting, 21 July 2003 - 24 July 2003, Arhus. Danish Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Tjele, pp. 244-254
  28. PYWELL R.F., JAMES K.L., HERBERT I., MEEK W.R., CARVELL C., BELL D. & SPARKS T.H. 2005: Determinants of overwintering habitat quality for beetles and spiders on arable farmland. Biol. Conserv. 123: 79-90 Go to original source...
  29. RACKHAM O. 1998: Savanna in Europe. In Kirby K.J. & Watkins C. (eds): The Ecological History of European Forests. CAB International, Wallingford, pp. 1-24
  30. R DEVELOPMENT CORE TEAM 2010: R Foundation for Statistical Computing. Vienna
  31. SCHMIDT M.H., ROCKER S., HANAFI J. & GIGON A. 2008: Rotational fallows as overwintering habitat for grassland arthropods: the case of spiders in fen meadows. Biodivers. Conserv. 17: 3003-3012 Go to original source...
  32. SOTHERTON N.W. 1984: The distribution and abundance of predatory arthropods overwintering on farmland. Ann. Appl. Biol. 105: 423-429 Go to original source...
  33. SPITZER L., KONVICKA M., BENES J., TROPEK R., TUF I.H. & TUFOVA J. 2008: Does closure of traditionally managed open woodlands threaten epigeic invertebrates? Effects of coppicing and high deer densities. Biol. Conser. 141: 827-837 Go to original source...
  34. SUNDERLAND K.D. 2002: Invertebrate pest control by carabids. In Holland J.M. (ed.): The Agroecology of Carabid Beetles. Intercept, Andover, pp. 165-214
  35. SYMONDSON W.O.C., SUNDERLAND K.D. & GREENSTONE M.H. 2002: Can generalist predators be effective biocontrol agents? Annu. Rev. Entomol. 47: 561-594 Go to original source...
  36. THIELE H.U. 1977: Carabid Beetles in their Environments. Springer, Berlin, 369 pp
  37. THOMAS M.B., WRATTEN S.D. & SOTHERTON N.W. 1992: Creation of island habitats in farmland to manipulate populations of beneficial arthropods - predator densities and species composition. J. Appl. Ecol. 29: 524-531 Go to original source...
  38. TOOLEY J. & BRUST G.E. 2002: Weed seed predation by carabid beetles. In Holland J.M. (ed.): The Agroecology of Carabid Beetles. Intercept, Andover, pp. 215-229
  39. VERA F.W.M. 2000: Grazing Ecology and Forest History. CAB International, Wallingford, 506 pp
  40. YAMAZAKI K., SUGIURA S. & KAWAMURA K. 2002: Environmental factors affecting the overwintering distribution of ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) on a forest floor in central Japan. Entomol. Sci. 5: 125-130