Eur. J. Entomol. 108 (4): 575-580, 2011 | 10.14411/eje.2011.074

Praon volucre (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Aphidiinae), a natural enemy of Macrosiphum euphorbiae (Hemiptera: Aphididae): Life table and intrinsic rate of population increase

Juracy Caldeira LINS Jr.1, Vanda Helena Paes BUENO*,1, Diego Bastos SILVA1, Marcus Vinicius SAMPAIO2, Joop C. van LENTEREN3
1 Department of Entomology, Federal University of Lavras, 37200-000, Lavras, MG, Brazil; e-mails: vhpbueno@den.ufla.br; juracylins@yahoo.com.br; diegobs182@yahoo.com.br
2 Agriculture Sciences Institute, Federal University of Uberlandia, 38400-902, Uberlandia, MG, Brazil; e-mail: mvsampaio@iciag.ufu.br
3 Laboratory of Entomology, Wageningen University, Wageningen, 6708PB, The Netherlands; e-mail: Joop.vanLenteren@wur.nl

Life table data of natural enemies are often used to understand their population dynamics and estimate their potential role in the biological control of pests. Macrosiphum euphorbiae (Thomas) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) is an important pest of several crops and its intrinsic rate of population increase (rm) is 0.282 at 22C. The life table parameters (immature mortality, developmental time, sex ratio of emerging adults, fecundity and longevity) of Praon volucre (Haliday) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Aphidiinae) parasitizing M. euphorbiae were estimated in a climatic chamber at 22 ± 1C, RH 70 ± 10% and 12 h photophase. Immature mortality was 8.2%, developmental time of males and females was 13.9 and 14.4 days, respectively, and the sex ratio was 0.55 (= fraction of females). Parasitoid fecundity was 504 eggs and longevity 11 days. The net rate of reproduction (R0) was 207.5 females and the intrinsic rate of population increase (rm) 0.281 females/female/day. The time for doubling the population (TD) was 2.45 weeks. P. volucre has a population growth rate similar to that of its host M. euphorbiae and might therefore be a good candidate for the biological control of this aphid.

Keywords: Aphididae, Macrosiphum euphorbiae, Braconidae, Praon volucre, parasitoid, fecundity, immature mortality, developmental time, biological control, intrinsic rate of population increase

Received: January 10, 2011; Accepted: April 1, 2011; Published: October 3, 2011

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