Eur. J. Entomol. 108 (3): 403-407, 2011 | DOI: 10.14411/eje.2011.051

Estimations of the critical temperatures for development of the pistachio psylla, Agonoscena pistaciae (Hemiptera: Psyllidae)

Mohammad Reza HASSANI1, Abbas ARBAB2, Hamzeh IZADI3, Gadir NOURI-GANBALANI4
1 Department of Plant Protection, Islamic Azad University, Rafsanjan Branch, Rafsanjan, Iran; e-mail: mreza.hassani@yahoo.com
2 Department of Plant Protection, Islamic Azad University, Takestan Branch, Takestan, Iran; e-mail: a.arbab@tiau.ac.ir
3 Vali-e-Asr University, Rafsanjan, Iran; e-mail: izadi@vru.ac.ir
4 University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran; e-mail: gadirnouri@yahoo.com

The pistachio psylla, Agonoscena pistaciae Burckhardt & Lauterer (Hemiptera: Psyllidae), is a major pest of pistachio trees throughout the pistachio producing regions in Iran. The effect of temperature on the developmental rates of eggs and nymphs of A. pistaciae was determined at different constant temperatures, i.e. 15, 20, 25, 30, 32.5 and 35 ± 0.5C. The relationships between temperature and developmental rates were described by linear and the non-linear Lactin models. These models were evaluated based on R2, RSS, AIC and R2adj. The estimated value of the lower temperature threshold for egg, nymph and egg to adult development based on the linear model was 8.06, 10.38 and 9.97C, respectively, and based on the Lactin model was 8, 11.55 and 11.2C, respectively. Thermal constants estimated using the linear model, were 88.5, 243.90 and 333.33 DD, respectively, for egg, nymph and egg to adult development. These results indicate that the linear model gives a better description of the relationship between developmental rate and temperature for A. pistaciae than the non-linear model. These results could be incorporated into forecasting models used in the integrated pest management of this pest.

Keywords: Psyllidae, Agonoscena pistaciae, critical temperature, developmental rate

Received: June 8, 2010; Accepted: March 11, 2011; Published: July 1, 2011

Download citation

References

  1. AKAIKE H. 1974: A new look at the statistical model identification. IEEE Trans. Automat. Contr. 19: 716-723 Go to original source...
  2. AKERS R.C. & NIELSEN D.G. 1984: Predicting Agrillus anxius (Col.: Buprestidae) adult emergence by heat unit accumulation. J. Econ. Entomol. 77: 1459-1463 Go to original source...
  3. ARBAB A., KONTODIMAS D.C. & MCNEILL M.R. 2008: Modeling emberyo develioment of Sitona discoideus Gyllenhal (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) under constant temperature. Environ. Entomol. 37: 1381-1388. Go to original source...
  4. BRIERE J.F. & PRACROS P. 1998: Comparison of temperaturedependent growth models with the development of Lobesia botrana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Environ. Entomol. 27: 94-101 Go to original source...
  5. BRUNNER J.F. 1984: The development, distribution and sampling for the pear psyllid, Psylla pyricola. IOBC/WPRS Bull. 7: 81-96
  6. CAMPBELL A., FRAZER B.D., GILBERT N., GUTIERREZ A.P. & MACKAUER M. 1974: Temperature requirements of some aphids and their parasites. J. Appl. Ecol. 11: 431-438 Go to original source...
  7. DIAZ B.M., MUNIZ M., BARRIOS L. & FERERES A. 2007: Temperature thresholds and thermal requirements for development of Nasonovia ribisnigri (Hem.: Aphididae). Environ. Entomol. 36: 681-688 Go to original source...
  8. GEIGER C.A. & GUTIERREZ A.P. 2000: Ecology of Heteropsylla cubana (Hom.: Psyllidae): psyllid damage, tree phenology, thermal relations, and parasitism in the field. Environ. Entomol. 29: 76-86 Go to original source...
  9. GRAF B., HOHN H.U., HOHN H. & SAMIETZ J. 2006: Temperature effects on egg development of the rosy apple aphid and forecasting of egg hatch. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 119: 207-211 Go to original source...
  10. GULLAN P.J. & CRANSTON P.S. 2005: The Insects: An Outline of Entomology. 3rd ed. Blackwell, Oxford, 505 pp
  11. HAGHANI M., FATHIPOUR Y., TALEBI A.A. & BANIAMERI V. 2007: Temperature-dependent development of Diglyphus isaea (Diptera: Agromyzidae) on cucumber. J. Pest Sci. 80: 71-77 Go to original source...
  12. HASSANI M.R. 2009: Bioecology and Economic Injury Level of Agonoscena pistaciae (Hem.: Psyllidae) in Rafsanjan Region of Iran. Ph.D. Thesis, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, 105 pp
  13. HONEK A., JAROSIK V. & MARTINKOVA Z. 2003: Effect of temperature on development and reproduction in Gastrophysa viridula (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Eur. J. Entomol. 100: 295-300 Go to original source...
  14. JALALI M.A. 2001: Study of Food Consumption in Predatory Beetles (Col.: Coccinellidae) of the Common Pistachio Psyllid, Agonoscena pistaciae (Hem.: Psylloidea) in Rafsanjan and Compiling a Life Table in the Controlled Condition. M.Sc. Thesis, Shiraz University, Shiraz, 120 pp
  15. JERVIS M.A. & COPLAND M.J.W. 1996: The life cycle. In Jervis M. & Kidd N. (eds): Insect Natural Enemies, Practical Approaches to their Study and Evaluation. Chapman Hall, London, pp. 63-161
  16. KONTODIMAS D.C., ELIOPOULOS P.A., STATHAS G.J. & ECONOMOU L.P. 2004: Comparative temperature-dependent development of Nephus includens (Kirsch) and Nephus bisignatus (Boheman) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), preying on Planococcus citri (Risso) (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae): evaluation of a linear and various non-linear models using specific criteria. Environ. Entomol. 33: 1-11 Go to original source...
  17. LACTIN D.J., HOLLIDAY N.J., JOHNSON D.L. & CRAIGEN R. 1995: Improved rate model of temperature-dependent development by arthropods. Environ. Entomol. 24: 68-75 Go to original source...
  18. LOGAN J.A., WOLLKIND D.J., HOYT S.C. & TANIGOSHI L.K. 1976: An analytic model for description of temperature dependent rate phenomena in arthropods. Environ. Entomol. 5: 1133-1140 Go to original source...
  19. MARQUARDT D.V. 1963: An algorithm for least squares estimation of nonlinear parameters. J. Soc. Ind. Appl. Math. 11: 431-441 Go to original source...
  20. MEHRNEJAD M.R. 1998: Evaluation of the Parasitoid Psyllaephagus pistaciae (Hym.: Encyrtidae) as a Biocontrol Agent of the Common Pistachio Psylla Agonocena pistaciae (Hem.: Psylloidea). Ph.D. Thesis, University of London, 271 pp
  21. MEHRNEJAD M.R. & JALALI M.A. 2004: Life history parameters of the coccinellid beetle, Oenopia conglobata contaminata, an important predator of the common pistachio psylla, Agonoscena pistaciae (Hemiptera: Psyllidae). Biocontr. Sci. Technol. 14: 701-711 Go to original source...
  22. OZDER N. & SAGLAM O. 2008: Effect of temperature on the biology of Tuberolachnus salignus (Gmlin) Sternorrhyncha: Aphididae on Salix alba. J. Centr. Eur. Agric. 9: 171-176
  23. PEDIGO L.P. 2002: Entomology and Pest Management. 4th ed. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 742 pp
  24. RANJBAR AGHDAM H., FATHIPOUR Y., RADJABI G. & REZAPANAH M. 2009: Temperature-dependent development and temperature thresholds of codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in Iran. Environ. Entomol. 38: 885-895 Go to original source...
  25. RAZAVI S. 2005: Pistachio production, Iran vs. the world. In: IV International Symposium on Pistachios and Almonds. ISHS - Tehran, Iran, May 22-25. p. 209
  26. REZAEI A. & SOLTANI A. 1998: An Introduction to Applied Regression Analysis. University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran
  27. SAMIH M.A., ALIZADEH A. & SABERI RISEH R. 2005: Pistachio Pests and Diseases in Iran and their IPM. Organization of Jihad-e-University, Tehran, 301 pp
  28. SMYTH G.K. 2002: Nonlinear regression. In El-Shaarawi A.H. & Piegorsch W.W. (eds): Encyclopedia of Environmetrics. Vol. 3. A.H. Wiley, Chichester, pp. 1404-1411
  29. SPSS 1999: SPSS Base 9.0 User's Guide. SPSS, Chicago, IL. TOKUDA M. & MATSUMURA M. 2005: Effect of temperature on the development and reproduction of the maize orange leafhopper Cicadulina bipunctata (Melichar) (Hom.: Cicadellidae). J. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 40: 213-220 Go to original source...
  30. TRUDGILL D.L., HONEK A., LI D. & VAN STRAALEN N.M. 2005: Thermal time-concepts and utility. Ann. Appl. Biol. 146: 1-14 Go to original source...
  31. WAGNER T.L., WU H.P., SHARPE J.H., SCHOOLFIELD R.H. & COULSON R.N. 1984: Modeling insect development rates: a literature review and application of a biophysical model. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 77: 208-225 Go to original source...
  32. WORNER S.P. 1988: Evaluation of diurnal temperature models and thermal summation in New Zealand. J. Econ. Entomol. 81: 9-13 Go to original source...
  33. WORNER S.P. 1992: Performance of phenological models under variable temperature regimes: consequences of the Kaufmann or rate summation effect. Environ. Entomol. 21: 689-699 Go to original source...