Eur. J. Entomol. 108 (3): 385-390, 2011 | DOI: 10.14411/eje.2011.048

Photoperiodic control of development and reproduction in Harmonia axyridis (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae)

Sergey Ya. REZNIK, Nina P. VAGHINA
Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, 199034 St. Petersburg, Russia; e-mail: sreznik@zin.ru

The effects of photoperiod on pre-imaginal development and reproductive maturation of adult females of the multicolored Asian lady beetle, Harmonia axyridis (Pallas) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), were investigated at 20C and at photoperiods from 10L : 14D to 18L : 6D. Experiments were conducted on a laboratory strain that originated from the Russian Far East. Larvae and adults were fed on the green peach aphid Myzus persicae. Under short day conditions the pre-imaginal development was faster than under long day conditions. The acceleration of pre-imaginal development occurred when day length was shorter than 16 h and the threshold day length was ca 14 h. The rate of reproductive maturation of adult females, in contrast, was twice as high under long day conditions, with the threshold between 14L : 10D and 12L : 12D, although even under short day conditions ca 10% of the females show a tendency to mature more quickly. This difference between the thresholds of these two photoperiodic reactions indicates they are relatively independent of one another.

Keywords: Coccinellidae, Harmonia axyridis, photoperiod, development, maturation, diapause, phenology

Received: January 11, 2011; Accepted: March 11, 2011; Published: July 1, 2011

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