Eur. J. Entomol. 108 (3): 365-369, 2011 | DOI: 10.14411/eje.2011.045

Thermoregulation and the influence of body temperature on calling song parameters in Cicada orni (Hemiptera: Cicadidae)

Allen F. SANBORN1, Paula C. SIMÕES2, Polly K. PHILLIPS3, Josť A. QUARTAU2
1 Department of Biology, Barry University, 11300 NE Second Avenue, Miami Shores, Florida 33161-6695, USA; e-mail: asanborn@mail.barry.edu
2 Centro de Biologia Ambiental, Departamento de Biologia Animal, Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa, 1749-016 Lisboa, Portugal; e-mails: pcsimoes@fc.ul.pt; jaquartau@fc.ul.pt
3 17446 SW 33rd Court, Miramar, Florida 33029, USA; e-mail: pkmcp31@illinoisalumni.org

Measurements of body temperature in the field demonstrate that Cicada orni Linnaeus regulates body temperature through behavioral mechanisms. Behavior is used to regulate body temperature to a range necessary for calling. As predicted, results showed a general decrease of echeme duration and an increase in inter-echeme interval with rising body temperature. However, no statistically significant correlations of body temperature for any of the variables studied were found, giving evidence that there is more variability in call parameters between individuals than any effect of body temperature.

Keywords: Bioacoustics, calling song, Cicada, Cicadidae, temperature, thermoregulation

Received: February 22, 2011; Accepted: March 18, 2011; Published: July 1, 2011

Download citation

References

  1. BENNET-CLARK H.C. 1998: How cicadas make their noise. Sci. Am. 278: 36-39 Go to original source...
  2. BENNET-CLARK H.C. & YOUNG D. 1992: A model of the mechanism of sound production in cicadas. J. Exp. Biol. 173: 123-153
  3. BOULARD M. 1995: Postures de cymbalisation, cymbalisations et cartes d'identite acoustique de cigales. 1. Generalites et especes mediterraneennes (Homoptera, Cicadoidea). EPHE Biol. Evol. Ins. 7/8: 1-72
  4. BOULARD M. 2000: Appareils, productions et communications sonores chez les insectes en general et chez les cigales en particulier. EPHE Biol. Evol. Ins. 13: 75-110
  5. CLARIDGE M.F. 1985: Acoustic signals in the Homoptera: behavior, taxonomy, and evolution. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 30: 297-317. Go to original source...
  6. CLOUDSLEY-THOMPSON J.L. 1960: Some aspects of the fauna of the coastal dunes of the Bay of Biscay. Entomol. Mon. Mag. 96: 49-53
  7. CLOUDSLEY-THOMPSON J.L. & SANKEY J.H.P. 1957: Some aspect of the fauna of the district around the Etang-de-Berre, Bouches-du-Rhone, France. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 10: 417-424 Go to original source...
  8. DOOLAN J.M. 1981: Male spacing and the influence of female courtship behaviour in the bladder cicada, Cystosoma saundersii Westwood. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 9: 269-276 Go to original source...
  9. FONSECA P.J. & REVEZ M.A. 2002: Song discrimination by male cicadas Cicada barbara lusitanica (Homoptera, Cicadidae). J. Exp. Biol. 205: 1285-1292
  10. GOGALA M., POPOV A.V. & RIBARIC D. 1996: Bioacoustics of singing cicadas of the western Palaearctic: Cicadetta tibialis (Panzer) (Cicadoidea: Tibicinidae). Acta Entomol. Slov. 4: 45-62
  11. HEATH J.E. 1967: Temperature responses of the periodical "17year" cicada, Magicicada cassini (Homoptera, Cicadidae). Am. Midl. Nat. 77: 64-67 Go to original source...
  12. HEATH J.E. & WILKIN P.J. 1970: Temperature responses of the desert cicada, Diceroprocta apache (Homoptera, Cicadidae). Physiol. Zool. 43: 145-154 Go to original source...
  13. HEATH J.E., WILKIN P.J. & HEATH M.S. 1972: Temperature responses of the cactus dodger, Cacama valvata (Homoptera, Cicadidae). Physiol. Zool. 45: 238-246 Go to original source...
  14. HEATH M.S. 1972: Temperature requirements of the cicada Okanagana striatipes beameri: A study from Flagstaff, Arizona. Plateau 45: 31-40
  15. MARSHALL D.C. & COOLEY J.R. 2000: Reproductive character displacement and speciation in periodical cicadas, with description of a new species, 13-year Magicicada neotredecim. Evolution 54: 1313-1325 Go to original source...
  16. MAY M.L. 1985: Thermoregulation. In Kerkut G.A. & Gilbert L.I. (eds): Comprehensive Insect Physiology, Biochemistry, and Pharmacology. Vol. 4. Pergamon Press, New York, pp. 507-552
  17. PINTO-JUMA G., SIMOES P.C., SEABRA S.G. & QUARTAU J.A. 2005: Calling song structure and geographical variation in Cicada orni L. (Hemiptera: Cicadidae). Zool. Stud. 44: 81-94
  18. POPOV A.V. 1975: The structure of the tymbals and the characteristics of the sound signals in singing cicadas (Homoptera, Cicadidae) in the southern regions of the USSR. Entomol. Rev. 54: 7-35
  19. POPOV A.V., BEGANOVIC A. & GOGALA M. 1997: Bioacoustics of singing cicadas of the western Palaearctic: Tettigetta brullei (Fieber 1876) (Cicadoidea: Tibicinidae). Acta Entomol. Slov. 5: 89-101
  20. PRINGLE J.W.S. 1954: A physiological analysis of cicada song. J. Exp. Biol. 31: 525-560
  21. QUARTAU J.A., SEABRA S. & SANBORN A. 2000: Effect of ambient air temperature on some temporal parameters of the calling song of Cicada orni Linnaeus, 1758 (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) in Portugal. Acta Zool. Cracov. 43: 193-198
  22. SANBORN A.F. 1997: Body temperature and the acoustic behavior of the cicada Tibicen winnemanna (Homoptera: Cicadidae). J. Insect Behav. 10: 257-264 Go to original source...
  23. SANBORN A.F. 1998: Thermal biology of cicadas (Homoptera: Cicadoidea). Trends Entomol. 1: 89-104
  24. SANBORN A.F. 2000: Comparative thermoregulation of sympatric endothermic and ectothermic cicadas (Homoptera: Cicadidae: Tibicen winnemanna and Tibicen chloromerus). J. Comp. Physiol. (A) 186: 551-556 Go to original source...
  25. SANBORN A.F. 2001: Timbal muscle physiology in the endothermic cicada Tibicen winnemanna (Homoptera: Cicadidae). Comp. Biochem. Physiol. (A) 130: 9-19 Go to original source...
  26. SANBORN A.F. 2002: Cicada thermoregulation (Hemiptera, Cicadoidea). Denisia 4: 455-470
  27. SANBORN A.F. 2004: Thermoregulation and endothermy in the large western cicada Tibicen cultriformis (Hemiptera: Cicadidae). J. Therm. Biol. 29: 97-101 Go to original source...
  28. SANBORN A.F. 2005: Acoustic signals and temperature. In Drosopoulos S. & Claridge M.F. (eds): Insect Sounds and Communication: Physiology, Behaviour, Ecology and Evolution. CRC Press, Boca Raton, pp. 111-125
  29. SANBORN A.F. & MATE S. 2000: Thermoregulation and the effect of body temperature on call temporal parameters in the cicada Diceroprocta olympusa (Homoptera: Cicadidae). Comp. Biochem. Physiol. (A) 125: 141-148 Go to original source...
  30. SANBORN A.F. & PHILLIPS P.K. 1992: Observations on the effect of a partial solar eclipse on calling in some desert cicadas (Homoptera: Cicadidae). Fla Entomol. 75: 285-287 Go to original source...
  31. SANBORN A.F., HEATH J.E. & HEATH M.S. 1992: Thermoregulation and evaporative cooling in the cicada Okanagodes gracilis (Homoptera: Cicadidae). Comp. Biochem. Physiol. (A) 102: 751-757 Go to original source...
  32. SANBORN A.F., HEATH J.E., HEATH M.S. & NORIEGA F.G. 1995a: Thermoregulation by endogenous heat production in two South American grass dwelling cicadas (Homoptera: Cicadidae: Proarna). Fla Entomol. 78: 319-328 Go to original source...
  33. SANBORN A.F., HEATH M.S., HEATH J.E. & NORIEGA F.G. 1995b: Diurnal activity, temperature responses and endothermy in three South American cicadas (Homoptera: Cicadidae: Dorisiana bonaerensis, Quesada gigas, and Fidicina mannifera). J. Therm. Biol. 20: 451-460 Go to original source...
  34. SANBORN A.F., BREITBARTH J.H., HEATH J.E. & HEATH M.S. 2002a: Temperature responses and habitat sharing in two sympatric species of Okanagana (Homoptera: Cicadoidea). West. North Am. Nat. 62: 437-450
  35. SANBORN A.F., NORIEGA F.G. & PHILLIPS P.K. 2002b: Thermoregulation in the cicada Platypedia putnami var. lutea with a test of a crepitation hypothesis. J. Therm. Biol. 27: 365-369 Go to original source...
  36. SANBORN A.F., VILLET M.H. & PHILLIPS P.K. 2003: Hot-blooded singers: endothermy facilitates crepuscular signaling in African platypleurine cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae: Platypleura spp.). Naturwissenschaften 90: 305-308 Go to original source...
  37. SANBORN A.F., VILLET M.H. & PHILLIPS P.K. 2004: Endothermy in African platypleurine cicadas: the influence of body size and habitat (Hemiptera: Cicadidae: Platypleura spp.). Physiol. Biochem. Zool. 77: 816-823 Go to original source...
  38. SANBORN A.F., PHILLIPS P.K., HEATH J.E. & HEATH M.S. 2011: Comparative thermal adaptation in cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) inhabiting Mediterranean ecosystems. J. Therm. Biol. 36: 150-155 Go to original source...
  39. SIMOES P.C. & QUARTAU J.A. 2006: Selective responsiveness in males of Cicada orni to conspecific and allospecific calling songs (Hemiptera: Cicadidae). Entomol. Gen. 29: 47-60
  40. SPECHT R. 2002: Avisoft-SASLab Pro-Sound Analysis and Synthesis Laboratory, Version 4.1d. Berlin
  41. SUEUR J. & SANBORN A.F. 2003: Ambient temperature and sound power of cicada calling songs (Hemiptera: Cicadidae: Tibicina). Physiol. Entomol. 28: 340-343 Go to original source...
  42. VILLET M.H. 1992: Responses of free-living cicadas (Homoptera: Cicadidae) to broadcasts of cicada songs. J. Entomol. Soc. Sth. Afr. 55: 93-97
  43. VILLET M.H., SANBORN A.F. & PHILLIPS P.K. 2003: Endothermy and chorusing behaviour in the African platypleurine cicada Pycna semiclara (Hemiptera: Cicadidae). Can. J. Zool. 81: 1437-1444 Go to original source...