Eur. J. Entomol. 108 (2): 287-326, 2011 | 10.14411/eje.2011.038

Quametopia, a new genus of Nearctic Anthomyzidae (Diptera), with description of two new species, immature stages and life history

Jind°ich ROH┴╚EK1, Kevin N. BARBER2
1 Department of Entomology, Silesian Museum, Tyr╣ova 1, CZ-746 01 Opava, Czech Republic; e-mail: rohacek@szmo.cz
2 Great Lakes Forestry Centre, Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada, 1219 Queen St. E., Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, P6A 2E5, Canada; e-mail: kbarber@NRCan.gc.ca

Quametopia gen. n. is established on the basis of recent phylogenetic analysis of taxa formerly assembled under the genus Mumetopia Melander, 1913 to include M. terminalis (Loew, 1863) and two new closely related Nearctic species of Anthomyzidae. The new genus is diagnosed and its phylogenetic relationships discussed. Quametopia terminalis (Loew, 1863) comb. n. is transferred from Mumetopia and redescribed based on revision of the type material (lectotypes of Anthophilina terminalis Loew, 1863 and its synonym Mumetopia nitens Melander, 1913 are designated) and other extensive material. Quametopia clintonia sp. n. and Q. amplistylus sp. n. (both from Canada, USA) are described and relationships of all three Quametopia species discussed. Immature stages of Q. terminalis and Q. clintonia sp. n. obtained by means of adult-to-adult rearing are described (1st- and 2nd-instar larvae for the first time in the family Anthomyzidae) and illustrated. Keys to adults, eggs, larvae and puparia of Quametopia species are presented. Biology (habitat and host-plant associations, life history) of Q. terminalis and Q. clintonia sp. n. are studied in detail and their ecological separation demonstrated. Distribution of all Quametopia species is reviewed.

Keywords: Diptera, Anthomyzidae, Nearctic, taxonomy, Quametopia new genus, 2 new species, lectotype designations, relationships, immature stages, life history, distribution, keys

Received: September 22, 2010; Accepted: November 22, 2010; Published: April 5, 2011

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