Eur. J. Entomol. 107 (4): 681-685, 2010 | 10.14411/eje.2010.076

Temperature-dependent development of dubas bug, Ommatissus lybicus (Hemiptera: Tropiduchidae), an endemic pest of date palm, Phoenix dactylifera

Abdul Monim MOKHTAR, Salem Saif Al NABHANI
Jimah Research Station, Ministry of Agriculture, P.O. Box 540, PC 612, Bahla, Sultanate of Oman;

Dubas bug, Ommatissus lybicus Bergevin, is an important pest of date palm on the Arab peninsula. This sucking insect causes great damage to the trees and reduces the quantity and quality of the dates. Effect of temperature on the development of the immature stages of O. lybicus was studied in the laboratory by rearing them at nine constant temperatures, ranging from 15 to 35C. Development was successfully completed at temperatures ranging from 20 to 35C for eggs and from 20 to 32.5C for nymphs. The lower thermal thresholds for development of eggs, nymphs and egg-adult were estimated by means of linear regression as 12.9, 12.9 and 13.2C, respectively. Thermal units required for the development of the same stages were 572.5, 648.2 and 1184.4 degree-days, respectively. The lethal high temperatures were also estimated using a nonlinear model as 34.5, 43.4 and 34.6C for eggs, nymphs and total immature stages, respectively. The development rate and survival data indicate that the optimum temperature range for O. lybicus is 25-27.5C.

Keywords: Hemiptera, Ommatissus lybicus, dubas bug, date palm, lower thermal threshold, lethal high temperature, degree-days, developmental rate

Received: March 23, 2010; Accepted: April 19, 2010; Published: October 20, 2010

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