Eur. J. Entomol. 107 (4): 615-620, 2010 | DOI: 10.14411/eje.2010.070

New morphological data from the Jurassic of Inner Mongolia confirms the damselfly aspect of Protomyrmeleontidae (Insecta: Odonatoptera)

Di-Ying HUANG1, Julián F. PETRULEVIČIUS2,3, André NEL*,2
1 State Key Laboratory of Palaeobiology and Stratigraphy, Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, P.R. China; e-mail: huangdiying@sina.com
2 CNRS UMR 7205, CP 50, Entomologie, Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 45 Rue Buffon, F-75005, Paris, France; e-mails: levicius@mnhn.fr, anel@mnhn.fr
3 CONICET, Museo de La Plata, Departamento Paleozoologia Invertebrados, Paseo del Bosque, s/n, 1900 La Plata, Argentina

Protomyrmeleon daohugouensis sp. n. and Protomyrmeleon lini sp. n., two new species of Protomyrmeleontidae from the Middle Jurassic of Jiulongshan Formation are the first Chinese representatives of this Mesozoic odonatopteran family. The type specimen of P. lini is exceptionally well preserved, showing several particular wing and body structures that were unknown, viz. unique shape of tarsal claws, extreme thoracic skewness, presence of three pairs of long spurs on all femora and tibiae. The type "A" (sensu Nel et al., 2005) of wing venation (i.e. with a very long bridge between IR2 and RP3/4) corresponds to that of the protomyrmeleontid fore wing. The nearly complete absence of the meso-metathoracic interpleural suture, newly discovered in the Protomyrmeleontidae, can be considered as a synapomorphy of the clade Protozygoptera + Odonata.

Keywords: Odonatoptera, Archizygoptera, Protomyrmeleontidae, Protomyrmeleon, sp. n., China, Middle Jurassic, morphology, palaeobiology

Received: March 19, 2010; Accepted: May 10, 2010; Published: October 20, 2010

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