Eur. J. Entomol. 107 (4): 563-570, 2010 | 10.14411/eje.2010.065

Environmental correlates of species richness of Sesiidae (Lepidoptera) in Europe

Marek BĄKOWSKI1, Werner ULRICH2, Zdeněk LAŠTŮVKA3
1 Adam Mickiewicz University, Department of Systematic Zoology, Umultowska 89, 61-614 Poznań, Poland; e-mail: bakowski@amu.edu.pl
2 Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Department of Animal Ecology, Gagarina 9, 87-100 Toruń, Poland; e-mail: ulrichw@umk.pl
3 Mendel University of Agriculture and Forestry in Brno, Department of Zoology, Fisheries, Hydrobiology and Apidology, Zemědělská 1, 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic; e-mail: last@mendelu.cz

Recent compilations of species richness for 54 European countries and large islands and linear spatial autocorrelation modelling were used to infer the influence of area and environmental variables on the number of species of clearwing moths (Sesiidae) in Europe. Area corrected species richness of rhizophagous Sesiidae peaked at about 40°N and decreased towards higher and lower latitudes. Most species rich was Greece (45 species), Bulgaria (37), Italy (35) and Romania (35). The area corrected species richness of xylophagous Sesiidae peaked at about 45°N with France (24) and Italy (22) being most species rich. Species richness was significantly positively correlated with area and the average yearly difference in temperature, and significantly negatively correlated with latitude. Island and mainland SAR slopes did not differ significantly, however island species richness per unit area appeared to be about 2 to 2.5 times lower than mainland species richness.

Keywords: Lepidoptera, Sesiidae, species-area relationship, rhizophagous, xylophagous, macroecology, spatial autoregression, latitudinal gradient

Received: December 18, 2009; Accepted: March 8, 2010; Published: October 20, 2010

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