Eur. J. Entomol. 107 (4): 527-534, 2010 | DOI: 10.14411/eje.2010.060

Activity of Lygus lineolaris (Heteroptera: Miridae) adults monitored around the periphery and inside a commercial vineyard

Dominique FLEURY1, Yves MAUFFETTE2, Steve METHOT3, Charles VINCENT4
1 École d'Ingénieurs de Changins, University of Applied Sciences Western Switzerland, Route de Dullier, 1260 Nyon (VD), Switzerland; e-mail: Dominique.Fleury@eichangins.ch
2 Département des Sciences Biologiques (Institut des Sciences de l'Environnement), Université du Québec L Montréal, Case Postale 8888, Succursale Centre-Ville Montréal (Qc), H3C 3P8, Canada
3 Dairy and Swine Research and Development Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 200 College Street, P.O. Box 90, Sherbrooke (Qc), J1M 1Z3, Canada
4 Horticultural Research and Development Center, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 430 Gouin Blvd, Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu (Qc), J3B 3E6, Canada

The tarnished plant bug, Lygus lineolaris (Heteroptera: Miridae), is a highly polyphagous pest that feeds on a broad range of economically important crops in North America. Flying L. lineolaris adults can move from crop to crop rapidly and easily. Little is known about the movement of L. lineolaris in or near vineyards. From May to October 2002 and 2003, 39 white sticky traps were positioned inside and at the periphery of a vineyard to study the movements of tarnished plant bug adults. Tarnished plant bug captures were most numerous from the end of July to mid August, with captures of ca. 3000 individuals in one week. During the vegetative season, most individuals were captured flying in and around the vineyard at a height of between 40 and 60 cm. The frequency with which the weeds were mown affected the numbers of adults captured. At the periphery of the vineyard, tarnished plant bug was more abundant near perennial vegetation, which tends to be stable (an apple orchard, a spruce wood), than in the vineyard where agronomic activities changed the availability of food. The tarnished plant bug adults did not hibernate in the vineyard. It is suggested that appropriate weed management will reduce the abundance of tarnished plant bugs in vineyards as it would deprive them of a number of suitable hosts for feeding and oviposition.

Keywords: Miridae, Lygus lineolaris, tarnished plant bug, population, phenological stage of grapevine, vineyards and plant-insect relationship, inside vs. periphery abundance

Received: October 1, 2009; Accepted: April 12, 2010; Published: October 20, 2010

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