Eur. J. Entomol. 107 (3): 341-347, 2010 | DOI: 10.14411/eje.2010.043

Parental age at mating affects reproductive attributes of the aphidophagous ladybird beetle, Coelophora saucia (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae)

OMKAR, Satyendra K. SINGH, Geetanjali MISHRA
Ladybird Research Laboratory, Department of Zoology, University of Lucknow, Lucknow-226007, India;

Ageing and its affect on life attributes have not been widely explored in ladybirds. The present study investigates the influence of female and male age at mating on the reproductive attributes of the ladybird beetle, Coelophora saucia (Mulsant). All reproductive attributes, viz. fecundity, percentage egg hatch, pre-oviposition, oviposition and post-oviposition periods were found to be influenced by the ages of both females and males at mating. This is unlike the results of previous studies on ladybirds, where male age was found to influence only percentage egg hatch. The influence of male age at mating on fecundity and reproductive periods is probably due to age influenced variation in seminal proteins, which influence fecundity and when the eggs are laid.

Keywords: Coleoptera, Coccinellidae, Coelophora saucia, fecundity, egg viability, paternal age, maternal age

Received: October 26, 2009; Accepted: March 3, 2010; Published: July 20, 2010

Download citation

References

  1. ANDERSSON M. 1994: Sexual Selection. Princeton University Press, Princeton, 336 pp
  2. ARNQVIST G. & NILSSON T. 2000: The evolution of polyandry: multiple mating and female fitness in insects. Anim. Behav. 60: 145-164 Go to original source...
  3. AUSTAD S.N. 1996: The uses of intraspecific variation in aging research. Exp. Gerontol. 31: 453-463 Go to original source...
  4. BAKER R.H., DENNIFF M., FUTERMAN P., FOWLER K., POMIANKOWSKI A. & CHAPMAN T. 2003: Accessory gland size influences time to sexual maturity and mating frequency in the stalk-eyed fly Cyrtodiopsis dalmanni. Behav. Ecol. 14: 607-611 Go to original source...
  5. BECK C.W. & POWELL L.A. 2000: Evolution of female choice based on male age: Are older males better mates? Evol. Ecol. Res. 2: 107-118
  6. BEGON M. & PARKER G.A. 1986: Should egg size and clutch size decrease with age? Oikos 47: 293-302 Go to original source...
  7. BERG H., VAN DEN ANKASAH D., MUHAMMAD A., RUSLI R., WIDAYANTO H.A., WIRASTO H.B. & YULLY I. 1997: Evaluating the role of predation in population fluctuations of the soybean aphid Aphis glycines in farmers' fields in Indonesia. J. Appl. Ecol. 34: 971-984 Go to original source...
  8. BONDURIANSKY R. & BRASSIL C.E. 2002: Rapid and costly ageing in wild male flies. Nature 420: 377 Go to original source...
  9. BURKE S.N. & BARNES C.A. 2006: Neural plasticity in the ageing brain. Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 7: 30-40 Go to original source...
  10. DELISLE J. 1995: Effect of male and female age on the mating success of the oblique-banded leafroller Choristoneura rosaceana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) under different ecological conditions. J. Insect Behav. 8: 781-799 Go to original source...
  11. DIXON A.F.G. & AGARWALA B.K. 2002: Triangular fecundity function and ageing in ladybird beetles. Ecol. Entomol. 27: 433-440 Go to original source...
  12. DIXON A.F.G. & GUO Y. 1993: Egg and cluster size in ladybird beetles (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae): The direct and indirect independence of aphid abundance. Eur. J. Entomol. 90: 457-463
  13. FINCH C.E. 1990: Longevity Senescence and the Genome. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 922 pp
  14. FINCH C.E. 1998: Variations in senescence and longevity include the possibility of negligible senescence. J. Gerontol. 53A: B235-B239 Go to original source...
  15. FINCH C.E. & RUVKUN G. 2001: The genetics of aging. Annu. Rev. Genom. Hum. Genet. 2: 435-462 Go to original source...
  16. FOX C.W. 1993a: Multiple mating lifetime fecundity and female mortality of the bruchid beetle Callosobruchus maculatus (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). Funct. Ecol. 7: 203-208 Go to original source...
  17. Fox C.W. 1993b: The influence of maternal age and mating frequency on egg size and offspring performance in Callosobruchus maculatus (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). Oecologia 96: 139-146 Go to original source...
  18. FOX C.W., MCLENNAN A. & MOUSSEAU T.A. 1995a: Male body size affects female lifetime reproductive success in a seed beetle. Anim. Behav. 50: 281-284 Go to original source...
  19. FOX C.W., HICKMAN D.L., RALEIGH E.L. & MOUSSEAU T.A. 1995b: Paternal investment in a seed beetle (Coleoptera: Bruchidae): influence of male size, age, and mating history. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 88: 101-103 Go to original source...
  20. GILLOT C. 2003: Male accessory gland secretions: Modulators of female reproductive physiology and behavior. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 48: 163-184 Go to original source...
  21. GREEN K. 2003: Age-related variation in mean sperm length in the rove beetle Aleochara bilineata. J. Insect Physiol. 49: 993-998 Go to original source...
  22. GROTEWIEL M.S., MARTIN I., BHANDARI P. & COOK-WIENS E. 2005: Functional senescence in Drosophila melanogaster. Ageing Res. Rev. 4: 372-397 Go to original source...
  23. HAMILTON W.D. 1966: The moulding of senescence by natural selection. J. Theor. Biol. 12: 12-45 Go to original source...
  24. HAN X.C. 1997: Population dynamics of soybean aphid Aphis glycines and its natural enemies in fields. Hubei Agr. Sci. 2: 22-24
  25. HANSEN T.F. & PRICE D.K. 1995: Good genes and old genes. Do old mates provide superior genes? J. Evol. Biol. 8: 759-778 Go to original source...
  26. HAYASHI F. 1999: Ejaculate production schedule and the degree of protandry in fishflies (Megaloptera: Corydalidae). Funct. Ecol. 13: 178-189 Go to original source...
  27. HIRANO H., HONDA K.I. & MIYAI S. 1996: Effects of temperature on development longevity and reproduction of the soybean aphid Aphis glycines (Homoptera: Aphididae). Appl. Entomol. Zool. 311: 178-180
  28. HUGHES K.A. & REYNOLDS R.M. 2005: Evolutionary and mechanistic theories of aging. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 50: 421-445 Go to original source...
  29. JALALI SK., SINGH S.P. & BISWAS S.R. 1999: Effect of temperature and female age on the development and progeny production of Cryptolaemus montrouzieri Mulsant (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). Entomon 24: 293-296
  30. JONES R.E., HART J.R. & BULL G.D. 1982: Temperature, size and egg production in the cabbage butterfly Pieris rapae L. Aust. J. Zool. 30: 223-232 Go to original source...
  31. JONES T.M., FEATHERSTON R., DAMIEN PARIS B.B.P. & ELGAR M.A. 2006: Age-related sperm transfer and sperm competitive ability in the male hide beetle. Behav. Ecol. 18: 251-258 Go to original source...
  32. KARLSSON B. & WIKLUND C. 1984: Egg weight variation and lack of correlation between egg weight and offspring fitness in the wall brown butterfly, Lassiommata megera. Oikos 43: 367-385 Go to original source...
  33. KARLSSON B. & WIKLUND C. 1985: Egg weight variation in relation to egg mortality and starvation endurance of newly hatched larvae in some satyrid butterflies. Ecol. Entomol. 10: 205-211 Go to original source...
  34. KINDLMANN P., DIXON A.F.G. & DOSTALKOVA I. 2001: Role of ageing and temperature in shaping reaction norms and fecundity functions in insects. J. Evol. Biol. 14: 835-840 Go to original source...
  35. KIRKWOOD T.B.L. 1977: Evolution of ageing. Nature 270: 301-304 Go to original source...
  36. KOKKO H. 1998: Good genes, old age and life-history trade-offs. Evol. Ecol. 12: 739-750 Go to original source...
  37. LAMUNYON C.W. 2001: Determinants of sperm precedence in a noctuid moth Heliothis virescens: a role for male age. Ecol. Entomol. 26: 388-394 Go to original source...
  38. MACK P.D., HAMMOCK B.A. & PROMISLOW D.E.L. 2002: Sperm competitive ability and genetic relatedness in Drosophila melanogaster: similarity breeds contempt. Evolution 56: 1789-1795 Go to original source...
  39. MACK P.D., PRIEST N.K. & PROMISLOW D.E.L. 2003: Female age and sperm competition: last-male precedence declines as female age increases. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. (B) (Biol. Sci.) 270: 159-165 Go to original source...
  40. MEDAWAR P.B. 1952: An Unsolved Problem of Biology. H.K. Lewis, London
  41. MINITAB-13.1 2003: Minitab Inc. State College Pennsylvania USA
  42. MISHRA G. & OMKAR 2004: Influence of parental age on reproductive performance of an aphidophagous ladybird Propylea dissecta (Mulsant). J. Appl. Entomol. 128: 605-609 Go to original source...
  43. MISHRA G. & OMKAR 2006: Ageing trajectory and longevity trade-off in a generalist aphidophagous ladybird, Propylea dissecta (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). Eur. J. Entomol. 103: 33-40 Go to original source...
  44. MURPHY P.A., GIESEL J.T. & MANLOVE M.N. 1983: Temperature effects on life history variation in Drosophila simulans. Evolution 37: 1181-1192 Go to original source...
  45. NESSE R.M. 1988: Life table tests of evolutionary theories of senescence. Exp. Gerontol. 23: 445-453 Go to original source...
  46. OMKAR & MISHRA G. 2005: Mating in aphidophagous ladybirds: costs and benefits. J. Appl. Entomol. 129: 432-436 Go to original source...
  47. OMKAR & MISHRA G. 2009: Optimization of age differences between mates maximizes reproductive output. BioControl 54: 637-650 Go to original source...
  48. OMKAR & PATHAK S. 2006: Effects of different photoperiods and wavelengths of light on life-history traits of an aphidophagous ladybird Coelophora saucia (Mulsant). J. Appl. Entomol. 130: 45-50 Go to original source...
  49. OMKAR & PATHAK S. 2007: Sexual dimorphism in an aphidophagous ladybird beetle Coelophora saucia. J. Appl. Biosci. 332: 180-181
  50. OMKAR & SINGH S.K. 2005: Influence of maternal age on reproductive performance of two aphidophagous ladybirds. J. Appl. Biosci. 31: 43-48
  51. OMKAR, PERVEZ A. & SINGH S.K. 2005: Development and immature survival of two aphidophagous ladybirds Coelophora biplagiata and Micraspis discolor. Insect Sci. 12: 375-379 Go to original source...
  52. OMKAR, SINGH S.K. & SINGH K. 2006: Effect of age on reproductive attributes of an aphidophagous ladybird Cheilomenes sexmaculata. Insect Sci. 13: 301-308 Go to original source...
  53. OMKAR, SINGH S.K. & MISHRA G. 2010: Multiple matings affect the reproductive performance of an aphidophagous ladybird beetle, Coelophora saucia. Eur. J. Entomol. 107: 177-182 Go to original source...
  54. PARTRIDGE L. 1986: Sexual activity and life span. In Collatz K.G. & Sohal R.S. (eds): Insect Aging Strategies and Mechanisms. Springer, Berlin, pp. 45-54
  55. PARTRIDGE L. & BARTON N.H. 1993: Optimality mutation and the evolution of ageing. Nature 362: 305-311 Go to original source...
  56. PARTRIDGE L. & GEMS D. 2002: Mechanisms of aging: public or private? Nat. Rev. Genet. 3: 165-175 Go to original source...
  57. PARTRIDGE L. & MANGEL M. 1999: Messages from mortality: the evolution of death rates in the old. Trends Ecol. Evol. 14: 438-442 Go to original source...
  58. PARTRIDGE L., PROWSE N. & PIGNATELLI P. 1999: Another set of responses and correlated responses to selection on age at reproduction in Drosophila melanogaster. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 266: 255-261 Go to original source...
  59. PATHAK S. 2008: Life Attributes of an Aphidophagous Ladybird, Coelophora saucia (Mulsant). Thesis, University of Lucknow, 223 pp
  60. PERVEZ A., OMKAR & RICHMOND A.S. 2004: The influence of age on reproductive performance of a predatory ladybird beetle Propylea dissecta. J. Insect Sci. 4: 22: 1-8 Go to original source...
  61. PIPER M. & PARTRIDGE L. 2007: Dietary restriction in Drosophila: delayed aging or experimental artifact? Plos Genet. 3(4): e57 Go to original source...
  62. PITNICK S., MARKOW T.A. & SPICER G.S. 1995: Delayed male maturity is a cost of producing large sperm in Drosophila. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 92: 10614-10618 Go to original source...
  63. PLETCHER S.D. & CURTSINGER J.W. 1998: Mortality plateaus and the evolution of senescence: why are old-age mortality rates so low? Evolution 52: 454-464 Go to original source...
  64. PRIEST N.K., MACKOWIAK B. & PROMISLOW D.E.L. 2002: The role of parental age effects on the evolution of aging. Evolution 56: 927-935 Go to original source...
  65. PROULX S.R., DAY T. & ROWE L. 2002: Older males signal more reliably. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. (B) Biol. Sci . 269: 2291-2299 Go to original source...
  66. RADWAN J., MICHALCZYK L. & PROKOP Z. 2005: Age dependence of male mating ability and sperm competition success in the bulb mite. Anim. Behav. 69: 1101-1105 Go to original source...
  67. ROBINE J.M. 2001: A new biodemographic model to explain the trajectory of mortality. Exp. Gerontol. 36: 899-914 Go to original source...
  68. ROSE A.R. 1984: Laboratory evolution of postponed senescence in Drosophila melanogaster. Evolution 38: 1004-1010 Go to original source...
  69. ROSE M. 1991: Evolutionary Biology of Aging. Oxford University Press, New York, 221 pp
  70. SAVALLI U.M. & FOX C.W. 1999a: The effect of male size, age, and mating behavior on sexual selection in the seed beetle Callosobruchus maculatus. Ethol. Ecol. Evol. 10: 49-60 Go to original source...
  71. SAVALLI U.M. & FOX C.W. 1999b: The effect of male mating history on paternal investment fecundity and female remating in the seed beetle Callosobruchus maculatus. Funct. Ecol. 13: 169-177 Go to original source...
  72. SAVALLI U.M., CZESAK M.E. & FOX C.W. 2000: Paternal investment in the seed beetle Callosobruchus maculatus (Coleoptera: Bruchidae): Variation among populations. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 93: 1173-1178 Go to original source...
  73. SCHAFER M.A. & UHL G. 2002: Determinants of paternity success in the spider Pholcus phalangioides (Pholcidae: Araneae): the role of male and female mating behaviour. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol . 51: 368-377 Go to original source...
  74. SERVICE P.M. & FALES A.J. 1993: Evolution of delayed reproductive senescence in male fruit-flies: sperm competition. Genetica 91: 111-125 Go to original source...
  75. SERVICE P.M., MICHIELI C.A. & MCGILL K. 1998: Experimental evolution of senescence: an analysis using a "heterogeneity" mortality model. Evolution 52: 1844-1850. Go to original source...
  76. SIMMONS F.H. & BRADLEY T.J. 1997: An analysis of resource allocation in response to dietary yeast in Drosophila melanogaster. J. Insect Physiol. 43: 779-788 Go to original source...
  77. SINGH S.K. & TRIPATHI G.M. 2008: Record of sugarcane woolly aphid Ceratovacuna lanigera Zehntner (Homoptera: Aphididae) and its natural enemies in Uttar Pradesh and Uttaranchal. Resist. Pest Manag. Newslett. 18: 40-41
  78. SRIVASTAVA S. & OMKAR 2004: Age specific mating and reproductive senescence in seven spotted ladybird Coccinella septempunctata. J. Appl. Entomol. 128: 452-458 Go to original source...
  79. STEWART L.A., HEMPTINNE J.L. & DIXON A.F.G. 1991: Reproductive tactics of ladybird beetles: relationship between egg size, ovariole number and development time. Funct. Ecol. 5: 380-385 Go to original source...
  80. TATAR M., CAREY J.R. & VAUPEL J.W. 1993: Long-term cost of reproduction with and without accelerated senescence in Callosobruchus maculatus: analysis of age-specific mortality. Evolution 47: 1302-1312 Go to original source...
  81. TAYLOR P.W., KASPI R., MOSSINSON S. & YUVAL B. 2001: Agedependent insemination success of sterile Mediterranean fruit flies. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 98: 27-33 Go to original source...
  82. TREGENZA T. & WEDELL N. 2000: Genetic compatibility mate choice and patterns of parentage: invited review. Mol. Ecol. 9: 1013-1027 Go to original source...
  83. VAN VOORHIES W.A. 1992: Production of sperm reduces nematode lifespan. Nature 360: 456-458 Go to original source...
  84. WIKLUND C. & PERSSON A. 1983: Fecundity and the relation of egg weight variation to offspring fitness in the speckle wood butterfly Pararge aegeria or why don't female butterflies lay more eggs? Oikos 40: 53-63 Go to original source...
  85. WILLIAMS G.C. 1957: Pleiotropy natural selection and the evolution of senescence. Evolution 11: 398-411 Go to original source...
  86. WILLIAMS G.C. 1999: The Tithonus error in modern gerontology. Q. Rev. Biol. 74: 405-415 Go to original source...
  87. ZEH J.A. & ZEH D.W. 1996: The evolution of polyandry I. Intragenomic conflict and genetic incompatibility. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. (B) 263: 1711-1717 Go to original source...
  88. ZEH J.A. & ZEH D.W. 1997: The evolution of polyandry II. Postcopulatory defences against genetic incompatibility. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. (B) 264: 69-75 Go to original source...
  89. ZEH J.A. & ZEH D.W. 2003: Toward a new sexual selection paradigm: polyandry conflict and incompatibility. Ethology 109: 929-950 Go to original source...
  90. ZENS M.S. & PEART D.R. 2003: Dealing with death data: individual hazards mortality and bias. Trends Ecol. Evol. 18: 366-373 Go to original source...