Eur. J. Entomol. 107 (1): 33-39, 2010 | DOI: 10.14411/eje.2010.003

Methoprene modifies adipokinetic hormone characteristics in the firebug Pyrrhocoris apterus (Heteroptera: Pyrrhocoridae)

Dalibor KODRÍK1,2, Glenda ALQUICER1,2, Radomír SOCHA1
1 Institute of Entomology, Biology Centre, Academy of Sciences, and
2 Faculty of Science, University of South Bohemia, Branišovská 31, 370 05 České Budějovice, Czech Republic; e-mail: kodrik@entu.cas.cz

In the present study the hypothesis that there is a feedback between juvenile hormone and adipokinetic hormones (AKHs) was investigated by topical application of the juvenoid methoprene on 9-day-old adult males of the firebug Pyrrhocoris apterus. This juvenoid (2 µg) induced a significant reduction of haemolymph lipids 24 h after treatment; however, it did not significantly reduce the ability of Pyrap-AKH (10 pmol/bug) to mobilize fat body lipids 6-72 h after the methoprene application. The same methoprene treatment elicited a significant increase of AKH content in the CNS (central nervous system: brain + corpora cardiaca + corpora allata) of experimental males 24 and 48 h after the juvenoid application. A significant decrease in the AKH level in the haemolymph was recorded at the same times and under the same experimental conditions. Similar results were observed when production of the AKHs from the CNS of topically treated males was measured under in vitro conditions. It is suggested that methoprene may reduce AKH release from the CNS resulting in an increase in the AKH content of the CNS due to accumulation rather than stimulation of AKH synthesis. Possible consequences of this phenomenon on the physiology of P. apterus are discussed.

Keywords: AKH, juvenile hormone analogue, lipid mobilization, lipid metabolism, ELISA

Received: July 22, 2009; Accepted: September 30, 2009; Published: February 15, 2010

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