Eur. J. Entomol. 106 (4): 565-572, 2009 | DOI: 10.14411/eje.2009.071

Performance of a predatory ladybird beetle, Anegleis cardoni (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) on three aphid species

OMKAR, Gyanendra KUMAR, Jyotsna SAHU
Ladybird Research Laboratory, Department of Zoology, University of Lucknow, Lucknow 226007, India;

Qualitative and quantitative differences in prey are known to affect the life histories of predators. A laboratory study was used to evaluate the suitability of three aphid prey, Aphis gossypii, Aphis craccivora and Lipaphis erysimi, for the ladybird beetle, Anegleis cardoni (Weise). Development was fastest on A. gossypii followed by A. craccivora and L. erysimi. Percentage pupation, immature survival, adult weight and the growth index were all highest when reared on A. gossypii and lowest on L. erysimi. Similarly, oviposition period, lifetime fecundity and egg viability were all highest on a diet of A. gossypii, lowest on L. erysimi and intermediate on A. craccivora. Age-specific fecundity functions were parabolic. Adult longevity, reproductive rate and intrinsic rate of increase were all highest on A. gossypii and lowest on L. erysimi. Life table parameters reflected the good performance on A. gossypii and poor performance on L. erysimi. Estimates of individual fitness values for the adults reared on A. gossypii and A. craccivora were similar and higher than that of adults reared on L. erysimi. Thus, the three species of aphid can all be considered essential prey for A. cardoni.

Keywords: Coccinellidae, Anegleis cardoni, prey, Aphis gossypii, Aphis craccivora, Lipaphis erysimi, reproduction, life table, fitness

Received: May 5, 2009; Accepted: July 3, 2009; Published: November 20, 2009

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