Eur. J. Entomol. 106 (3): 405-413, 2009 | 10.14411/eje.2009.052

Identification and biological traits of a planthopper from the genus Pentastiridius (Hemiptera: Cixiidae) adapted to an annual cropping rotation

Alberto BRESSAN*,1, Werner E. HOLZINGER2, Benoit NUSILLARD3, Olivier SÉMÉTEY1, Frédéric GATINEAU1,4, Mauro SIMONATO5, Elisabeth BOUDON-PADIEU1
1 Biologie et écologie des bactéries du phloème, UMR Plante Microbe Environnement INRA, CNRS, Université de Bourgogne, BP 86510, 21065 Dijon Cedex, France
2 Oekoteam - Institute for Animal Ecology and Landscape Planning, Bergmanngasse 22, 8010 Graz, Austria
3 Interactions gestion forestière et biodiversité, CEMAGREF, Domaine des Barres, 45290 Nogent-sur-Vernisson, France
4 CIRAD, TA 80/A, Campus International de Baillarguet, 34398 Montpellier Cedex 5, France
5 UniversitL di Padova, Dipartimento di Agronomia Ambientale e Produzioni Vegetali, Viale dell'UniversitL 16, 35020 Legnaro, Italy

Cixiid planthoppers have been shown to vector phloem-limited prokaryotes associated with plant diseases world-wide. In eastern France, an emerging disease of sugar beet called syndrome "basses richesses" has been associated with phloem-restricted bacteria transmitted by a cixiid planthopper within the genus Pentastiridius. Early investigation suggested the species being Pentastiridius beieri. On the basis of a morphological and phylogenetic study we report the identification of the planthopper as Pentastiridius leporinus. Furthermore we report some biological traits of the species, which shows a surprising ecological adaptation to an annual cropping rotation sugar beet-winter cereals.

Keywords: Insect vector, Hemiptera, Fulgoromorpha, Pentastiridius leporinus, Pentastiridius beieri, syndrome basses richesses, stolbur phytoplasma, phloem-restricted bacteria

Received: December 12, 2008; Accepted: March 26, 2009; Published: July 24, 2009

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