Eur. J. Entomol. 105 (4): 789-792, 2008 | 10.14411/eje.2008.104

Polygraphus grandiclava (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) collected from pine and cherry trees: A phylogenetic analysis

Dimitrios AVTZIS1, Miloš KNÍŽEK2, Klaus HELLRIGL3, Christian STAUFFER1
1 Institute of Forest Entomology, Forest Pathology & Forest Protection, Department of Forest and Wood Sciences, Boku, University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna, Austria; e-mail: dimitrios.avtzis@boku.ac.at
2 Forestry and Game Management Research Institute, Jíloviště-Strnady, Czech Republic
3 Wolkensteinstraße 83, Brixen, Italy


Polygraphus grandiclava
(Thomson, 1886) is a unique scolytid species in that it infests both Pinaceae and Rosaceae. The utilization of such different host trees lead to the designation of two species at the beginning of the last century. Later on, these two species were synonymised. Here we investigated the genetic identity of populations collected from pine and cherry trees by sequencing a partial region of the mitochondrial COI gene. The phylogenetic study presented reveals no indication of host-induced differentiation within the mitochondrial sequences of the populations collected from the two host plants.

Keywords: Scolytinae, Polygraphus grandiclava, host races, speciation, phylogeography

Received: April 22, 2008; Accepted: July 10, 2008; Published: October 24, 2008

Download citation

References

  1. AKAIKE H. 1974: A new look at the statistical model identification. IEEE Trans. Autom. Contr. 19: 716-723 Go to original source...
  2. ARTHOFER W., AVTZIS D.N., SCHLICK-STEINER B., STEINER F., CROZIER R. & STAUFFER C. 2008: Lessons from a beetle and an ant: coping with taxon-dependent differences in microsatellite development success. J. Mol. Evol. 65: 304-307 Go to original source...
  3. AVTZIS D.N., ARTHOFER W. & STAUFFER C. 2008: Sympatric occurrence of diverged mtDNA lineages of Pityogenes chalcographus (Coleoptera, Scolytinae) in Europe. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 94: 331-340 Go to original source...
  4. BARLUENGA M., STOLTING K.N., SALZBURGER W., MUSCHICK M. & MEYER A. 2006: Sympatric speciation in Nicaraguan crater lake cichlid fish. Nature 439: 719-723 Go to original source...
  5. BERLOCHER S.H. & FEDER J.L. 2002: Sympatric speciation in phytophagous insects: moving beyond controversy? Annu. Rev. Entomol. 47: 773-815 Go to original source...
  6. BUSH G. 1969: Mating behavior, host specificity, and the ecological significance of sibling species in frugivorous flies of the genus Rhagoletis (Diptera: Tephritidae). Am. Nat. 103: 669-672 Go to original source...
  7. DRES M. & MALLET J. 2002: Host races in plant feeding insects and their importance in sympatric speciation. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. (B) 357: 471-492 Go to original source...
  8. EHRLICH P.R. & RAVEN P.H. 1964: Butterflies and plants: a study in coevolution. Evolution 18: 586-608 Go to original source...
  9. ERICHSON W.F. 1836: Systemtische Auseinandersetzung der Familie der Borkenkaefer (Bostrichidae). Arch. Naturgesch. 2: 45-65
  10. EXCOFFIER L., SMOUSE P.E. & QUATTRO J.M. 1992: Analysis of molecular variance inferred from metric distances among DNA haplotypes: application to human mitochondrial DNA restriction data. Genetics 131: 479-491
  11. EXCOFFIER L., LAVAL G. & SCHNEIDER S. 2005: Arlequin ver. 3.0: An integrated software package for population genetics data analysis. Evol. Bioinform. Online 1: 47-50
  12. FEDER J.L., XIE X., RULL J., VELEZ S., FORBES A., LEUNG B., DAMBROSKI H., FILCHAK K.E. & ALUJA M. 2005: Mayr, Dobzhansky, and Bush and the complexities of sympatric speciation in Rhagoletis. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 102: 6573-6580 Go to original source...
  13. HASEGAWA M., KISHINO H. & YANO T. 1985: Dating of the human-ape splitting by a molecular clock of mitochondrial DNA. J. Mol. Evol. 22: 160-174 Go to original source...
  14. HEWITT G.M. 1999: Post-glacial re-colonization of European biota. Biol. J. Linn. Soc . 68: 87-112 Go to original source...
  15. HOPKINS A.D. 1915: Contributions toward a monograph of the scolytid beetles, Part II. Preliminary classification of the superfamily Scolytoidae. US Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Entomology. Tech. Bull. 17: 165-232, pls 9-15
  16. KIRBY W. 1837: Part 4, Insects: Coleoptera, Family Scolytidae. In Richardson (ed.): Fauna Boreali-Americana; or the Zoology of the Northern Parts of British America. J. Murray, London, pp. 191-195
  17. LUNT D.H., ZHANG D.-X., SZYMURA J.M. & HEWITT G.M. 1996: The cytochrome oxidase I gene: evolutionary patterns and conserved primers for phylogenetic studies. Insect Mol. Biol. 5: 153-165 Go to original source...
  18. MAYR E. 1963: Populations, Species and Evolution. Harvard University Press, Harvard, 453 pp
  19. MOCK K.E., BENTZ B.J., O'NEILL E.M.O., CHONG P., ORWIN J. & PFRENDER M.E. 2007: Landscape- scale genetic variation in a forest outbreak species, the mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae). Mol. Ecol. 16: 533-568 Go to original source...
  20. NYLANDER J.A.A. 2004: MrModeltest 2.1. Program distributed by the author. Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University
  21. PFEFFER A. 1995: Zentral und westpalaarktische Borken und Kernkafer. Pro Entomologia, c/o Naturhistorisches Museum Basel, 310 pp.
  22. RODRIGUEZ F., OLIVER J.F., MARIN A. & MEDINA J.R. 1990: The general stochastic model of nucleotide substitutions. J. Theor. Biol. 142: 485-501 Go to original source...
  23. RONQUIST F. & HUELSENBECK J.P. 2003: MrBayes 3: Bayesian phylogenetic inference under mixed models. Bioinformatics 19: 1572-1574 Go to original source...
  24. SAITU N. & NEI M. 1987: The neighbor-joining method: A new method for reconstructing phylogenetic trees. Mol. Biol. Evol. 4: 406-425
  25. SAVOLAINEN V., ANSTETT M.C., LEXER C., HUTTON I., CLARKSON J.J., NORUP M.V., POWELL M.P., SPRINGATE D., SALAMIN N. & BAKER W.J. 2006: Sympatric speciation in palms on an oceanic island. Nature 441: 210-213 Go to original source...
  26. SCHEDL K.E. 1934: Scolytidae and Platypodidae. In Winkler A. (ed.): Catalogus Coleopterorum Regionis Palaearctica. By author, Wien, pp. 1632-1647
  27. SEITNER M. 1911: Bemerkung zur Gattung Polygraphus und Aufstellung der Gattung Pseupolygraphus n. gen. Zentbl. Ges. Forstw. 3: 99-109
  28. SWAINE J.M. 1918: Canadian bark-beetles, Part 2. A preliminary classification with an account of the habits and means of control. Dominion of Canada Department of Agriculture, Entomological Branch. Tech. Bull. 14: 143
  29. TAMURA K. & NEI M. 1993: Estimation of the number of nucleotide substitutions in the control region of the mitochondrial DNA in humans and chimpanzees. Mol. Biol. Evol. 10: 512-526
  30. THOMSON C.G. 1886: Petites notices, Polygraphus punctifrons et grandiclava Thoms. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 11: 61-62
  31. TURELLI M., BARTON N.H. & COYNE J.A. 2001: Theory and speciation. Trends Ecol. Evol. 16: 330-343 Go to original source...
  32. VIA S. 1999: Reproductive isolation between sympatric races of pea aphids. I. Gene flow restriction and habitat choice. Evolution 53: 1446-1457 Go to original source...
  33. YANG Z. 1993: Maximum likelihood estimation of phylogeny from DNA sequences when substitution rates differ over sites. Mol. Biol. Evol. 10: 1396-1401