Eur. J. Entomol. 105 (3): 495-501, 2008 | DOI: 10.14411/eje.2008.064

Cereal aphids (Hemiptera: Aphidoidea) in Serbia: Seasonal dynamics and natural enemies

Željko TOMANOVIĆ1, Nickolas G. KAVALLIERATOS2, Petr STARÝ3, Olivera PETROVIĆ-OBRADOVIĆ4, Christos G. ATHANASSIOU5, Ljubiša Ž. STANISAVLJEVIĆ1
1 Institute of Zoology, Faculty of Biology, University of Belgrade, Studentski trg 16, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia; e-mail: ztoman@bf.bio.bg.ac.yu
2 Laboratory of Agricultural Entomology, Department of Entomology and Agricultural Zoology, Benaki Phytopathological Institute, 8 Stefanou Delta str., 14561, Kifissia, Attica, Greece
3 Institute of Entomology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Branišovská 31, 37005 České Budějovicé, Czech Republic
4 Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Belgrade, Nemanjina 6, 11081, Zemun, Serbia
5 Laboratory of Agricultural Zoology and Entomology, Agricultural University of Athens, 75 Iera Odos str., 11855, Athens, Attica, Greece

During 1989-2006 the number of live aphid, mummies, aphid specialist predators and their parasitoids in cereal fields in Serbia were recorded. S. avenae and M. dirhodum were the most common, both on wheat and rye crops. Maximum numbers of cereal aphids were detected between the end of May and the middle of June. A low percentage of mummified aphids was recorded during May and June, but increased rapidly at the beginning of July, when aphids left the wheat crop. Here, we record over 60 species of cereal aphid natural enemies, including primary and secondary parasitoids, aphid specific predators and a wide spectrum of their parasitoids in Serbian cereal crop systems. Aphidius uzbekistanicus Luzhetzki, Aphidius rhopalosiphi De Stefani, Aphidius ervi Haliday and Praon gallicum Starý were the most abundant species of primary parasitoids. Of the secondary parasitoids, six species were dominant with Asaphes suspensus (Nees) and Dendrocerus carpenteri (Curtis) generally the most often recorded. Coccinella septempunctata L. was the most abundant coccinellid and syrphid flies were represented by 11 species, two of which, Sphaerophoria scripta (L.) and Episyrphus balteatus (DeGeer), were the most common.

Keywords: Cereal aphids, parasitoids, predators, seasonal dynamics, Serbia

Received: September 18, 2007; Accepted: March 14, 2008; Published: July 31, 2008

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