Eur. J. Entomol. 105 (3): 489-494, 2008 | 10.14411/eje.2008.063

The effect of the quality and size of host aphid species on the biological characteristics of Aphidius colemani (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Aphidiinae)

Marcus Vinicius SAMPAIO*, Vanda Helena Paes BUENO, Bruno Freitas DE CONTI
Universidade Federal de Lavras, Departamento de Entomologia, Caixa postal 3537, CEP 37200-000, Lavras-MG, Brazil;

A suitable host provides, at least, the minimum nutritional and physiological conditions for the development of the immature stages of a parasitoid. Host quality may influence the developmental time, mortality rate, longevity and fecundity of parasitoids. This work evaluates the suitability and quality of Aphis gossypii Glover, Brevicoryne brassicae (Linné), Myzus persicae (Sulzer), Rhopalosiphum maidis (Fitch) and Schizaphis graminum (Rondani) as hosts for Aphidius colemani Viereck. Twenty second-instar nymphs of each aphid species were exposed to parasitism for one hour, and then kept in a climatic chamber at 22 ± 1°C, 70 ± 10% RH and a 12 h photophase. The aphid B. brassicae was unsuitable for the development of A. colemani. The different aphid host species varied in size: M. persicae > (R. maidis = S. graminum) > A. gossypii. Parasitoid fitness decreased accordingly when reared on (M. persicae = R. maidis) > S. graminum > A. gossypii. Large hosts seem to be better than small hosts based on parasitoid size. Egg load of A. colemani was related probably more on the ability of the parasitoid larva to obtain nutritional resources from the different host species than on host size.

Keywords: Aphidius colemani, Aphis gossypii, Aphidiidae, Aphidiinae, Braconidae, Brevicoryne brassicae, fitness, host quality, Myzus persicae, parasitoid, Rhopalosiphum maidis, Schizaphis graminum

Received: September 18, 2007; Accepted: May 9, 2008; Published: July 31, 2008

Download citation

References

  1. BOGGS C.L. 1981: Nutritional and life-history determinants of resource allocation in holometabolous insects. Am. Nat. 117: 692-709 Go to original source...
  2. CHAU A. & MACKAUER M. 2001: Preference of the aphid parasitoid Monoctonus paulensis (Hymenoptera: Braconidae, Aphidiinae) for different aphid species: female choice and offspring survival. Biol. Control 20: 30-38 Go to original source...
  3. CLOUTIER C., DUPERRON J., TERTULIANO M. & MCNEIL J.N. 2000: Host instar, body size and fitness in the koinobiontic parasitoid Aphidius nigripes. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 97: 29-40 Go to original source...
  4. ELLERS J., BAX M. & VAN ALPHEN J.J.M. 2001: Seasonal changes in female size and its relation to reproduction in the parasitoid Asobara tabida. Oikos 92: 309-314 Go to original source...
  5. ELLIOTT N.C., FRENCH B.W., BURD J.D., KINDLER S.D. & REED D.K. 1994: Parasitism, adult emergence, sex ratio, and size of Aphidius colemani (Hymenoptera: Aphidiidae) on several aphid species. Great Lakes Entomol. 27: 137-142
  6. GODFRAY H.C.J. 1994: Parasitoids: Behavioral and Evolutionary Ecology. Princeton University, Chichester, 473 pp
  7. HENRY L.M., GILLESPIE D.R. & ROITBERG B.D. 2005: Does mother really know best? Oviposition preference reduces reproductive performance in the generalist parasitoid Aphidius ervi. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 116: 167-174 Go to original source...
  8. KAZMER D.J. & LUCK R.F. 1995: Field test of size-fitness hypothesis in the egg parasitoid Trichogramma pretiosum. Ecology 76: 412-425 Go to original source...
  9. MACKAUER M. 1996: Sexual size dimorphism in solitary parasitoid wasps: influence of host quality. Oikos 76: 265-272 Go to original source...
  10. MACKAUER M., MICHAUD J.P. & VOLKL W. 1996: Host choice by aphidiid parasitoids (Hymenoptera; Aphidiidae): host recognition, host quality, and host value. Can. Entomol. 128: 959-980 Go to original source...
  11. MONGUI B., LUQUE J.E. & ESCOBAR J. 1986: Biologia de Aphidius colemani (Hymenoptera: Aphidiidae) parasitoide de Myzus persicae (Homoptera: Aphididae) en crisantemos de la Sabana de Bogota. Rev. Colomb. Entomol. 12: 46-53
  12. NICOL C.M.Y. & MACKAUER M. 1999: The scaling of body size and mass in a host-parasitoid association: influence of host species and stage. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 90: 83-92 Go to original source...
  13. ODE P.J., HOPPER K.R. & COLL M. 2005: Oviposition vs. offspring fitness in Aphidius colemani parasitizing different aphid species. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 115: 303-310 Go to original source...
  14. ROITBERG B.D., BOIVIN G. & VET L. 2001: Fitness, parasitoids, and biological control: an opinion. Can. Entomol. 133: 429-438 Go to original source...
  15. SAGARRA L.A., VINCENT C. & STEWART R.K. 2001: Body size as an indicator of parasitoid quality in male and female Anagyrus kamali (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae). Bull. Entomol. Res. 91: 363-367 Go to original source...
  16. SAMPAIO M.V., BUENO V.H.P. & VAN LENTEREN J.C. 2001: Preferencia de Aphidius colemani Viereck (Hymenoptera: Aphidiidae) por Myzus persicae (Sulzer) e Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Neotrop. Entomol. 30: 665-660
  17. SEQUEIRA R. & MACKAUER M. 1992: Nutritional ecology of an insect host-parasitoid association: the pea aphid-Aphidius ervi system. Ecology 73: 183-189 Go to original source...
  18. SEQUEIRA R. & MACKAUER M. 1993: The nutritional ecology of a parasitoid wasp, Ephedrus californicus Baker (Hymenoptera: Aphidiidae). Can. Entomol. 125: 423-430 Go to original source...
  19. SEQUEIRA R. & MACKAUER M. 1994: Variation in selected lifehistory parameters of the parasitoid wasp, Aphidius ervi: influence of host developmental stage. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 71: 15-22 Go to original source...
  20. STARY P. 1989: Incomplete parasitization in aphids and its role in pest management (Hymenoptera: Aphidiidae). Acta Entomol. Bohemoslov. 86: 356-367
  21. STARY P., SAMPAIO M.V. & BUENO V.H.P. 2007: Aphid parasitoids (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Aphidiinae) and their asso ciations related to biological control in Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 51: 107-118 Go to original source...
  22. VAN EMDEN H.F. & KIFLE A.T. 2002: Performance of the parasitoid Aphidius colemani when reared on Myzus persicae on a fully defined artificial diet. BioControl 47: 607-616 Go to original source...
  23. VAN LENTEREN J.C. 2003: Commercial availability of biological control agents. In van Lenteren J.C. (ed.). Quality Control and Production of Biological Control Agents: Theory and Testing Procedures. CABI, Cambridge, pp. 167-179
  24. VAN STEENIS M.J. 1993: Suitability of Aphis gossypii Glov., Macrosiphum euphorbiae (Thom.), and Myzus persicae Sulz. (Hom.: Aphididae) as host for several aphid parasitoid species (Hym.: Braconidae). IOBC/WPRS Bull. 26: 157-160
  25. VAZ L.A.L., TAVARES M.T. & LOMONACO C. 2004: Diversidade e tamanho de himenopteros parasitoides de Brevicoryne brassicae L. e Aphis nerii Boyer de Fonscolombe (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Neotrop. Entomol. 33: 225-230 Go to original source...
  26. WEST S.A., FLANAGAN K.E. & GODFREY H.C.J. 1996: The relation between parasitoid size and fitness in the field, a study of Achrysocharoides zwoelferi (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae). J. Anim. Ecol. 65: 631-639 Go to original source...